|Primary user||United States Army Air Forces|
The Cornelius XBG-3 was an American "bomb glider", developed by the Cornelius Aircraft Corporation for the United States Army Air Forces. Using an unconventional design that included a forward-swept wing, a single prototype was ordered in 1942; however the contract was cancelled later that year before the aircraft had been constructed.
Early in the Second World War, the United States Army Air Forces initiated research into the possibility that gliders, towed by other, conventional aircraft to the area of a target, then released and guided to impact via radio control, could be a useful weapon of war. Essentially an early form of (very large) guided missile, the concept was similar to a Navy project underway at the same time, known as Glomb (from "glider-bomb"), and led to the establishment of the 'BG' series of designations, for 'Bomb Glider', in early 1942.
Among the designs considered for use as a bomb glider was an unconventional design submitted by the Cornelius Aircraft Company. Cornelius, having established a reputation for unconventional aircraft designs, proposed a design that featured a "tail-first" configuration, with canard foreplanes and a radical forward-swept wing. The USAAF considered the design interesting enough to award a contract to Cornelius for the construction of a single prototype, designated XBG-3. However the project was cancelled in late 1942, when the bomb glider concept was abandoned by the USAAF.
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- Baugher 2011
- Gunston 1988, p.28.
- Parsch 2009
- Miller 2001, p.297.
- Mondey 1978, p.132.
- Jane's 1947
- "Gliding Gas Tank May May Refuel Planes On Ocean Hops." Popular Science, August 1944, p. 124. Accessed 2011-01-27
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cornelius aircraft.|
- Baugher, Joe (January 6, 2011). "1942 USAAF Serial Numbers (42-39758 to 42-50026)". USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers--1908 to Present. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Bridgman, Leonard, ed. (1947). Jane's All The World'S Aircraft 1947. London: S.Low, Marston & Co. ASIN B000RMJ7FU.
- Gunston, Bill (1988). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft Armament. London: Salamander Books. ISBN 978-0-86101-314-2. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Miller, Jay (2001). The X-Planes: X-1 to X-45. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85780-109-5.
- Mondey, David (1978). The Complete Illustrated Encyclopedia of the World's Aircraft. New York: A&W Publishers. ASIN B001SLTA1U.
- Parsch, Andreas (2008). "BG Series". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles, Appendix 1: Early Missiles and Drones. designation-systems.net. Retrieved 2011-01-27.