Cornell University School of Industrial and Labor Relations
State University of New York
The New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations (ILR) is an industrial relations school at Cornell University, located in Ithaca, New York, United States. The School has six academic departments which include: Economics, Human Resource Management, International and Comparative Labor, Labor Relations, Organizational Behavior, and Social Statistics.
Established by the state legislature in 1945, the school is a statutory or contract college through the State University of New York (SUNY) system and receives funding from the State of New York. It was the world's first school for college-level study in workplace issues and remains as one of the leading institutions for industrial relations. In addition to its undergraduate curriculum, the school offers professional and doctoral degrees, as well as executive education programs.
In Fall 2016, the School received 1,925 freshman applications and accepted 235 students (12.2% acceptance rate).
In 1944, a coalition of leaders in American business, industry, labor, government, and education formed to establish the school. They believed that a new type of school was needed that focused on issues involving the American workplace.
More specifically, the State Legislature established the school in 1945 based on the recommendations of the New York State Joint Legislative Committee on Industrial and Labor Conditions. This committee was headed by Irving M. Ives and was originally formed in 1938. Ives, along with others in the committee, determined that a fundamental dysfunction in the relationship between management and labor was that each group brought different technical information and skills to the negotiating table and that these differences were hindering the formation of mutually favorable outcomes. The committee’s response to this observation was to recommend that the state of New York provide "a common training program" for representatives of labor and management. The committee stressed that the importance of such a training program is "not merely attendance at the same institution or in the same school, but rather mutual and cooperative analysis of the problems common to both groups." Indeed, a quote from the committee’s 1943 report adds, "The Committee believes [however] that a state-sponsored school in this state should be based upon a broader educational philosophy. One of the most important ways of improving industrial and labor relations is to bring together, in a common training program, representatives of both labor and industry."
In other words, it was the committee’s recommendation to provide common training to leaders from all perspectives of the management-labor debate. It was hoped that this common training would stabilize the negotiating table by producing leaders on all sides who have common technical information and competencies. In 1942 the committee recommended that ILR be established at Cornell (the state’s land grant institution). Two years later, formal legislative action was taken and Governor Dewey approved establishing the school. On July 1, 1945 ILR became a going educational enterprise. The school was charged with the mission "to improve industrial and labor conditions in the State through the provision of instruction, the conduct of research, and the dissemination of information in all aspects of industrial, labor, and public relations, affecting employers and employees."
Ives was the first dean of the school. However, soon after gaining this title he became a United States Senator for New York and left for Washington. Beginning in the summer of 1947, Martin P. Catherwood became the dean. The school was also championed by then-President of Cornell University, Edmund Ezra Day. The state of New York provided the school with generous funding. However, due to time constraints, the school soon moved into quonset huts on the Ithaca campus and later into buildings vacated by the New York State College of Veterinary Medicine.
In 1960, enrollment in the ILR school was reported to consist of 300 undergraduates and 60 graduates.
Milton R. Konvitz, who was a labor-law expert, was a founding faculty member and remained active until his death in 2003. Frances Perkins, who served as Secretary of Labor for 12 years under Franklin D. Roosevelt, joined the faculty and served until her death in 1965.
The school offered the first 4-year degree (B.S.) in the field of industrial and labor relations. Originally, students had ninety-seven of the required 120 hours prescribed for them. The first two years consisted of many social science classes such as American history and government, sociology, psychology, economics, and law. Students were required to take English and public speaking courses as well as courses in accounting and statistics. The last two years of coursework were the technical core: classes that were expected to provide the students with the technical skills and competencies which enable them to develop professional expertise within the field of industrial and labor relations. Examples of these courses include: history of labor and labor-union organization and management, business organization and management, and corporate finance. Beyond the classroom, students were expected to gain applied experience. This was achieved primarily through a required summer work-training program. To fulfill this expectation, students would spend three of their summers working in the field for each of the following types of organizations: industrial or commercial, government, and labor.
Between its founding in 1945 and 1960, the school was housed in temporary quarters in quonset huts on the engineering quadrangle. Original plans called for an I&LR school to be built behind Phillips Hall on part of Hoy Field, but these plans were rejected by school alumni. Between 1959-1961, a new ILR quadrangle was constructed using state funds on land formerly occupied by the Cornell College of Veterinary Medicine. Three Veterinary College buildings including James Law Hall were demolished in September 1959. Four existing Veterinary college buildings were renovated. Of these, the 1911 building housing the ILR Conference Center (and renamed King-Shaw Hall in 2012) is listed on the register of historic structures.
The main campus occupies a quad near the center of Cornell, comprising an academic building, a research building, an extension building, a conference center, and a library. Ives Hall, named after ILR founding dean Irving Ives, is the academic building and is divided into a classroom/student wing and a faculty wing. The student wing houses separate lounges for undergraduate and graduate students. Also on the quad is the Martin P. Catherwood Library, which is one of only two official depository libraries of the International Labour Organization (the other being the Library of Congress). The ILR Conference Center, with its distinctive belfry atop, hosts special training sessions and recruiting events and offices for the United Auto Workers. The research building houses the Scheinman Institute on Conflict Resolution as well as offices for the ILR Review. The extension building, renamed Dolgen Hall in 2008, houses the Yang Tan Institute. All of these buildings are owned by New York State on land that Cornell conveyed to the state.
In 1998, New York State replaced the portion of Ives Hall fronting along Tower Road with a new 110,605 sq ft (10,275.5 m2) building. Recently, the State also renovated the faculty wing of Ives Hall at a cost of $14 million, and in 2004, New York State completed extensively renovations of three other campus buildings. ILR also has campuses in Albany, New York, Buffalo, New York, Rochester, New York  and an extension building in New York City - the headquarters of the R. Brinkley Smithers Institute for Alcohol-Related Workplace Studies and Institute for Workplace Studies.
The 1911 building which houses the ILR Conference Center was rededicated as Patricia G. and Rubén Jose King-Shaw, Jr. Hall in 2012.
Organization and degree programs
The school is divided into six departments: Labor Relations, Law and History; Human Resource Studies; International and Comparative Labor; Economics; Organizational Behavior; and Social Statistics.
While most such schools offer only masters and PhD degrees in human resources or labor relations, Cornell is one of a few that offer a four-year undergraduate program focused on work and employment, the B.S. in Industrial and Labor Relations (BSILR). All students are required to complete a 120 credit hour curriculum with the following general requirements: First-year students are required to complete two writing seminars, Introduction to Organizational Behavior, Introduction to U.S. Labor History, as well as Introductory Microeconomics and Introductory Macroeconomics. Sophomore year students have the following course requirements: Introductory Statistics, Labor and Employment Law, Human Resource Management, Labor Relations, Economics of Wages and Unemployment, and an advanced writing course. Junior and Senior level students are required to take 24 credits from within the school's six departments. An additional 16 credits may be taken outside the school. Additionally, there is a physical education requirement of two classes. In 2016, 10 percent of undergraduates went on to attend law school and seven percent earn an MBA or other advanced degree. In 2010, of the 911 undergraduates, 406 (45%) were New York State residents at the time they matriculated. New York residents pay a reduced in-state tuition.
The school also sponsors a chapter of the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM). The school's undergraduate contingent has claimed the national title at SHRM's HR Games twice—in 2002 and 2004. In 2011, a Cornell Daily Sun article rated ILR the "Sexiest Major" at Cornell: "The dreamy look in their eyes and the business-casual attire on their backs... They are the students who would have been in AEM except for the fact that they have souls. These students’ passion for the underdog and stunning good looks make ILR, hands down, the number one sexiest major at Cornell."
|Labor Relations, Law and History|
|Human Resource Studies|
|International & Comparative Labor|
Undergraduates have a number of internship opportunities, including semester-long for-credit internships. The school also sponsors non-credit internships over the January break or during the summer. Students can also participate in the Arts College's Cornell-in-Washington program. Students in the top 20% of their junior class can write a senior thesis and thereby graduate with honors.
Graduate-level degrees offered through the Graduate School include the Master of Industrial and Labor Relations (MILR), the dual MILR/Master of Business Administration (MBA) (joint with the Johnson School), the Master of Professional Studies (MPS), the Executive Master of Human Resource Management, and the M.S./Ph.D.
Graduate students may also complete a semester abroad or a one-year-additional dual-degree Master in Management from ESCP Europe at any one of its campuses: Paris, Torino, Berlin, Madrid, or London. The school's contingent has claimed the title at the National MBA Human Capital Case Competition five times (the most of any school)—2007, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015.
Activities and publications
Since 1946, the school has participated in Cornell University's cooperative extension program, which reaches every county in the state. The school's extension program provides training and consulting services to both organized labor and management on contract negotiations, handling grievances, and employee relations.
The school's international program hosts scholars from other nations to conduct research in Ithaca as visiting fellows. Starting in 1952, the school conducted the Liberian Codification Project under the direction of Milton R. Konvitz.
The school also hosts:
- Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies (CAHRS)
- Cornell Higher Education Research Institute (CHERI)
- K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan Institute on Employment and Disability (YTI)
- Institute for Compensation Studies (ICS)
- International Programs
- Labor Dynamics Institute
- Martin and Laurie Scheinman Institute on Conflict Resolution
- NYS AFL-CIO/Cornell Union Leadership Institute, which offers a one-year certificate programs for labor union leaders
- R. Brinkley Smithers Institute for Alcohol-Related Workplace Studies
- Worker Institute at Cornell 
Since 1947, the school's faculty publishes a quarterly academic journal named the Industrial and Labor Relations Review. The school's Sports Business Society has also published the magazine Sports, Inc. since 2008.
- Irving M. Ives – June 30, 1945 to June 30, 1947
- Martin P. Catherwood – July 1, 1947 to December 31, 1958
- Robert Risley (Acting Dean) – January 1, 1959 to June 30, 1959
- John McConnell – July 1, 1959 to January 31, 1963
- Robert Risley (Acting Dean) – February 1, 1963 to August 31, 1963
- David Moore – September 1, 1963 to December 31, 1970
- Robert Risley (Acting Dean) – January 1, 1971 to June 30, 1971
- Robert B. McKersie – July 1, 1971 to August 31, 1979
- Robert E. Doherty (Acting Dean) – September 1, 1979 to June 30, 1980
- Charles M. Rehmus – July 1, 1980 to June 30, 1985
- Robert E. Doherty – July 1, 1985 to June 30, 1988
- David B. Lipsky – July 1, 1988 to January 15, 1997
- Robert S. Smith (Acting Dean) – January 16, 1997 to May 23, 1997
- Edward J. Lawler – May 24, 1997 to December 31, 2001
- Robert S. Smith (Acting Dean) – January 1, 2002 to June 30, 2002
- Edward J. Lawler – July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2005
- Harry C. Katz – July 1, 2005 to November 14, 2014
- Robert S. Smith (Acting Dean) – November 15, 2014 to January 31, 2015
- Kevin F. Hallock – February 1, 2015 to October 9, 2018
- Alexander J.S. Colvin (Acting Dean) – October 10, 2018 to June 30, 2019
- Alexander J.S. Colvin – July 1, 2019 to Present
Current and former faculty include Charles Tharp, former SVP of HR at Bristol-Myers Squibb and Saks; Francine D. Blau (also ILR alumna), first female recipient of the IZA Prize; and the 4th U.S. Secretary of Labor, Frances Perkins—the first female U.S. Cabinet member, the longest-serving (12 years) Secretary of Labor, witness to the Triangle Factory fire, and champion of both the Fair Labor Standards Act and the Social Security Act. Andy Stern, former President of the SEIU, holds an appointment as the Alice B. Grant Labor Leader in Residence at the school.
- Former Academy of Management President David A. Whetten (Ph.D. '74)
- Ohio State University provost Joseph A. Alutto (Ph.D.'68)
- New York City Schools Chancellor Harold O. Levy ('74)
- Priceline.com founder Jay S. Walker ('78)
- Parenting Magazine founder Robin Wolaner ('75)
- NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman ('74)
- MLB Commissioner Rob Manfred ('80)
- San Diego Padres General Manager A. J. Preller ('99)
- President of UNITE HERE Bruce S. Raynor ('72)
- American Federation of Teachers President Randi Weingarten ('80).
- NFLPA President J. C. Tretter.
- U.S. Deputy Secretary of Labor Seth Harris ('83),
- New York State Senator Michael F. Nozzolio,
- Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit Harry T. Edwards ('62)
- Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers Alan B. Krueger ('82).
- U.S. National Labor Relations Board Member John N. Raudabaugh ('74),
- Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service Director George H. Cohen
- IBM CHRO Nickle LaMoreaux (BSILR '01)
- Former IBM CHRO Diane Gherson (MILR '80)
- Former IBM CHRO Walt Burdick (BSILR)
- JP Morgan Chase CHRO John L. Donnelly ('78)
- Coca-Cola Enterprises CHRO Pam Kimmet ('80)
- Archer Daniels Midland CHRO Michael D'Ambrose ('79)
- NFL CHRO Robert Gulliver (BSILR '88)
- Quaker Oats CHRO Michael DeAngelo (MILR '97)
- Corning Incorporated CHRO Christy Pambianchi ('90)
- Cisco CHRO Kathleen Weslock (MILR)
- Former Northrop Grumman CHRO Ian Ziskin (MILR '82)
- EarthLink CHRO Valerie C. Benjamin ('90)
- General Dynamics NASSCO Vice President of Human Resources Debora Burke (BSILR '93, EMHRM '16)
- Former Cornell football head coach Jim Knowles ('87)
- Publicist Matthew Hiltzik ('94)
- CBS's The Early Show reporter Dave Price ('87)
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