Corning, Arkansas

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Corning, Arkansas
Location of Corning in Clay County, Arkansas.
Location of Corning in Clay County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°24′36″N 90°35′22″W / 36.41000°N 90.58944°W / 36.41000; -90.58944Coordinates: 36°24′36″N 90°35′22″W / 36.41000°N 90.58944°W / 36.41000; -90.58944
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyClay
Government
 • Typemayor-council government
 • MayorRob Young
Area
 • Total3.17 sq mi (8.22 km2)
 • Land3.15 sq mi (8.15 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
289 ft (88 m)
Population
 • Total3,377
 • Estimate 
(2017)[2]
3,138
 • Density997.46/sq mi (385.13/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72422
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-15460
GNIS feature ID0076678
Websitewww.corningar.gov

Corning is a city in Clay County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 3,377 at the 2010 census.[3] It is one of the two county seats of Clay County, along with Piggott.[4]

Geography[edit]

Corning is located in western Clay County at 36°24′36″N 90°35′22″W / 36.41000°N 90.58944°W / 36.41000; -90.58944 (36.410057, -90.589364),[5] 2 miles (3 km) west of Black River. U.S. Route 62 passes through the city, leading east 25 miles (40 km) to Piggott and southwest 26 miles (42 km) to Pocahontas. U.S. Route 67 leads north from Corning 29 miles (47 km) to Poplar Bluff, Missouri, and joins US 62 heading southwest out of Corning to Pocahontas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Corning has a total area of 3.14 square miles (8.14 km2), of which 3.12 square miles (8.08 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.81%, is water.[3]

History[edit]

Historic Sheeks House

The original settlement was approximately one mile east and was called Hecht City, named for brothers Levi and Solomon Hecht, who operated a lumber mill on Black River. Hecht City moved to the present site of Corning in 1871, when the Cairo and Fulton Railroad surveyed the land for the proposed route. The railroad through the settlement was completed by 1872. On February 5, 1873, the name was changed from Hecht City to Corning, in honor of H. D. Corning, an engineer with the railroad.[6]

The city of Corning experienced a massive period of growth in the early part of the 20th century. In the 1960s and 1970s, it was the site of many industrial manufacturing developments.

Corning was the site of a large explosion on March 9, 1966. The pre-dawn explosion originated in a munitions railcar and resulted in only one minor injury in the small town. The explosion was widely reported throughout the surrounding region.[7]

Two properties in Corning are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Sheeks House and Oliver House.

Education[edit]

Public education for elementary and secondary students is provided by the Corning School District. Corning High School is a member of the Arkansas Activities Association. Programs include Art, Band, Spanish, Computer Tech, and Family and Consumer Sciences, along with other basic classes provided by public schools in the state.

Corning has always prided itself on its high school sports programs. Currently, the school has boys' football, track, basketball, golf, baseball, and trap shooting. Girls' programs include basketball, softball, track, and golf. The high school football program has enjoyed dominance at times, such as when the team went undefeated in 2007 and made it to the second round of the state playoffs. Also successful, the varsity girls' basketball team played in the state Division 3A playoffs in 2009, 2010, and 2011.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880393
189058448.6%
19001,04178.3%
19101,43938.2%
19201,5648.7%
19301,550−0.9%
19401,6194.5%
19502,04526.3%
19602,1927.2%
19702,70523.4%
19803,65034.9%
19903,323−9.0%
20003,67910.7%
20103,377−8.2%
Est. 20173,138[2]−7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2014 Estimate[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 3,679 people, 1,553 households, and 1,018 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,150.0 people per square mile (443.9/km²). There were 1,722 housing units at an average density of 538.2 per square mile (207.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.77% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 0.38% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,553 households, out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32, and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,200, and the median income for a family was $29,485. Males had a median income of $22,095 versus $16,383 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,953. About 18.9% of families and 23.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 29.6% of those age 65 or over.

Agriculture[edit]

Industry in Corning is dominated by agriculture-related industries, such as farm equipment sales, farm equipment repair, seed processing and sales, and fertilizer and chemicals. Forestry was a primary industry in the late 1800s but gave way to farming of rice, soybeans, hard red winter wheat, and other grains.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Corning has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Corning city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ Webb, Robert T. (1933). History and Traditions of Clay County. Mountain Home, AR: Shiras Bros.
  7. ^ "Only 1 Hurt In Blast Of Munitions Train". Palm Beach Post. 3/9/1966. Retrieved 1 September 2012. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Corning, Arkansas

External links[edit]