Corning, California

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City of Corning
Solano Street in 2013
Solano Street in 2013
Nickname(s): 
"The Olive City"
Location of Corning in Tehama County, California
Location of Corning in Tehama County, California
City of Corning is located in the United States
City of Corning
City of Corning
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°55′34″N 122°10′50″W / 39.92611°N 122.18056°W / 39.92611; -122.18056Coordinates: 39°55′34″N 122°10′50″W / 39.92611°N 122.18056°W / 39.92611; -122.18056
Country United States
State California
CountyTehama
IncorporatedAugust 6, 1907[1]
Area
 • Total3.55 sq mi (9.19 km2)
 • Land3.55 sq mi (9.19 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
276 ft (84 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,244
 • Density2,324.22/sq mi (897.37/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
96021, 96029, (96092)
Area code(s)530
FIPS code06-16322
GNIS feature ID0277491
Websitecorning.org

Corning is a city in Tehama County, California, that is located about 19 miles (31 km) south of Red Bluff and about 100 miles (160 km) north of Sacramento. The population was 7,663 at the 2010 census, up from 6,741 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Corning had its start in 1882, when the railroad was extended to that point.[3] The community was named after John Corning, a railroad official.[3]

Geography[edit]

Corning is located at 39°55′34″N 122°10′50″W / 39.92611°N 122.18056°W / 39.92611; -122.18056 (39.926182, -122.180489).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.55 square miles (9.2 km2), all of it land.

High-density Arbequina olive orchard in Corning

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Corning has a Hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890210
1910972
19201,44949.1%
19301,377−5.0%
19401,4726.9%
19502,53772.4%
19603,00618.5%
19703,57318.9%
19804,74532.8%
19905,87023.7%
20006,74114.8%
20107,66313.7%
20208,2447.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

2010[edit]

At the 2010 census Corning had a population of 7,663 people. The population density was 2,158.8 people per square mile (833.5/km2). The racial makeup of Corning was 5,510 (71.9%) White, 44 (0.6%) African American, 201 (2.6%) Native American, 82 (1.1%) Asian, 11 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,496 (19.5%) from other races, and 319 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,271 individuals (42.7%).[7]

The census reported that 7,638 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 19 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 6 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 2,630 households, out of which 1,193 (45.4%) had children under age 18 living in them, 1,136 (43.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 533 (20.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 179 (6.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 224 (8.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 12 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 633 households (24.1%) were one person and 259 (9.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90. There were 1,848 families (70.3% of households); the average family size was 3.44 persons.

The age distribution was 2,479 people (32.4%) under age 18, 864 people (11.3%) aged 18 to 24, 1,931 people (25.2%) aged 25 to 44, 1,617 people (21.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 772 people (10.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

There were 2,871 housing units at an average density of 808.8 per square mile (312.3/km2), of which 1,302 (49.5%) were owner-occupied, and 1,328 (50.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.4%. 3,765 people (49.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,873 people (50.5%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 6,741 people, 2,422 households, and 1,642 families in the city. The population density was 2,320.3 people per square mile (894.4/km2). There were 2,614 housing units at an average density of 899.8 per square mile (346.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.48% White, 0.52% African American, 2.18% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 17.42% from other races, and 4.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.82%.[8]

There were 2,422 households, 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.9% of households were one person and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.33 individuals.

The age distribution was 32.5% under age 18, 10.0% aged 18 to 24, 28.0% aged 25 to 44, 17.7% aged 45 to 64, and 11.8% aged 65 years or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,357, and the median family income was $32,151. Males had a median income of $30,563 versus $19,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,357. About 21.1% of families and 26.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.6% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those aged 65 or over.

These compare to the national median household income of $45,135 and national per capita income of $23,201; 69.4% of the residents in the city have graduated from high school or achieved further education, compared to 80.35% nationally.

Government[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Corning is in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Jim Nielsen, and in the 3rd Assembly District, represented by Republican James Gallagher.[9]

In the United States House of Representatives, Corning is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[10]

Major industries[edit]

An olive grower shows Koroneiki olives ripe for harvest.

The major local industry is growing and preparing table olives. Corning also has a significant agricultural industry based on olive oil, dried plums (prunes, including the Sunsweet label), walnuts, and almonds.

Bell-Carter Foods

Corning is home to Bell-Carter Foods, Inc., the second-largest table olive processor in the world and the largest in the United States.[11] Bell Carter produces Lindsay Olives.

Lucero Olive Oil

North America's most award-winning extra virgin olive oil company,[12][13][14][15][16][17][18] Lucero Olive Oil, is based in Corning, with orchards, an olive mill, a bottling facility, and a public tasting room.

Other local destinations & landmarks
  • Rodgers Theater, a restored historic cinema building
  • Corning Museum
  • Rolling Hills Casino
  • The Corning Equestrian Center
  • Sevillano Links Golf Course, a championship 18-hole golf course, about one mile (1.6 km) south of town
  • The Olive Pit, a popular tourist stop since 1967 that specializes in many varieties of table olives, with olive tasting, a wine bar, and a cafe

Corning Olive Festival[edit]

The old Sevianno olive tree in Corning, April 2015

The annual Corning Olive Festival, held on the second Saturday in October, is the longest-running olive festival in the United States. Started in 1946 by the local Catholic church as a fundraiser, the festival is now organized and operated by the Corning Chamber of Commerce.[19]

Transportation[edit]

Interstate 5 and Highway 99 both serve Corning, along with the California Northern Railroad. The California Northern has been leasing and operating the 110.7-mile (178.2 km) line between Davis and Tehama county through Corning from Southern Pacific (now Union Pacific) since September 26, 1993. The line was built by Southern Pacific's subsidiary, the Northern Railway Company, in August / September 1882.

Corning Municipal Airport (0O4), a public-use facility, is located just to the north of the high school. Its runway (numbered 17 and 35) is 2,692 feet (821 m) long and sits 293 feet (89 m) above sea level. The airport was activated in 1940. Its area control center is Oakland Center, while its flight service station is Rancho Murieta.[20]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Place Names" (PDF). Tehama County Department of Education. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 8, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Corning, California
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Corning city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  11. ^ "Insights & News". Bell-Carter Foods. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  12. ^ "EVOO World Ranking 2015". Retrieved May 22, 2016.
  13. ^ "EVOO World Ranking 2016". Archived from the original on January 29, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  14. ^ "EVOO World Ranking 2017". Archived from the original on January 14, 2018. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  15. ^ "EVOO World Ranking 2018". Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  16. ^ "World's Best Olive Oils 2016". Retrieved May 22, 2016.
  17. ^ "Olive Japan 2016 Premier Olive Oil Winners". May 2, 2016. Retrieved May 22, 2016.
  18. ^ "TerraOlivo Jerusalem 2015 Prestige Gold Winners". Retrieved May 22, 2016.
  19. ^ "Official Corning Olive Festival Facebook page". Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  20. ^ 0O4 Corning Municipal Airport – SkyVector

External links[edit]