Cornish Yarg is a semi-hard cow's milk cheese made in Cornwall, United Kingdom. Before being left to mature, this cheese is wrapped in nettle leaves to form an edible, though mouldy, rind. The texture varies from creamy and soft immediately under the nettle coating to a Caerphilly cheese-like crumbly texture in the middle.
Despite its historic connotations, Cornish Yarg is actually the product of the British cheesemaking renaissance in the 1980s while its roots are inspired by traditional British Territorial cheeses.
The cheese is produced at Lynher Dairies Cheese Company on Pengreep Farm near Truro, by Catherine Mead, Dane Hopkins, and team. "Yarg" is simply "Gray" spelt backwards. It is named after Alan and Jenny Gray, enterprising farmers who found a 1615 recipe by Gervase Markham for a nettle-wrapped semi-hard cheese in their attic. The original recipe is thought to date back to the 13th century.
In 1984, the Grays sold the recipe to Michael and Margaret Horrell, farmers wanting to diversify into cheesemaking. Mead began working with the Horrells in 1985, helping to develop the business. She built a second dairy on Pengreep Farm in 2001 and in 2006, when the Horrells retired, all production moved to Lynher Dairies.
Cornish Yarg is made using pasteurised cow's milk sourced from neighbouring farms. After pressing and brining, nettles are painted on by hand. The application of nettles changes the acidity on the outside of the cheese, thus affecting the manner in which the curd breaks down and matures.
- "Cornish Yarg has a fluffy textured centre with milky, lactic flavours". Neal's Yard Dairy. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "British Cheese Board". Britishcheese.com. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- Cunynghame, Arthur (2006). The Cheesemonger's Tales. Loose Chippings Books. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-9554217-0-9.
- "Yarg: The Cornish cheese that's conquered America". The Independent. 2014-08-05. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- Hart, Anna (5 August 2014). "Yarg: The Cornish cheese that's conquered America". The Independent. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- "Cheese, Please - the Lynher Dairies, famous for its production of Cornish Yarg". Cornwall Life. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "Wrapped in nettles or wild garlic - which Yarg to choose? | Lynher Dairies". www.lynherdairies.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-11-20.