West Cornwall covered bridge
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
|Incorporated (city)||May 1740|
|• Type||Selectman-town meeting|
|• First selectman||Gordon M. Ridgway (D)|
|• Selectman||Richard Bramley (D)|
|• Selectman||Heidi L. Kearns (R)|
|• Total||46.3 sq mi (119.9 km2)|
|• Land||46.0 sq mi (119.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)|
|Elevation||709 ft (216 m)|
|• Density||32/sq mi (12/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213412|
- The mind, eager for caresses,
- Lies down at its own risk in Cornwall;
Cornwall also makes a glancing appearance in Wallace Stevens's late poem "Reality is an Activity of the Most August Imagination."
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.3 square miles (120 km2), of which, 46.0 square miles (119 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (0.54%) is water. The town is located on the east bank of the Housatonic River and also contains a major portion of the Mohawk State Forest.
- Cornwall Bridge (has its own post office)
- Cornwall Village (has its own post office)
- Cornwall Hollow
- East Cornwall
- West Cornwall (has its own post office)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,434 people, 615 households, and 389 families residing in the town. The population density was 31.2 people per square mile (12.0/km²). There were 873 housing units at an average density of 19.0 per square mile (7.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.49% White, 0.21% African American, 0.70% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.46% of the population.
There were 615 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $54,886, and the median income for a family was $64,750. Males had a median income of $46,875 versus $30,536 for females. The per capita income for the town was $42,484. About 1.0% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over. Some of the main features of Cornwall include the Cream Hill Lake, the Covered Bridge, Mohawk Ski Mountain and the town which contains a library and tennis courts. It is a very enjoyable place for young children who enjoy activity.
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 25, 2005|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
Cornwall is a member of Regional School District 01, which also includes the towns of Canaan, Kent, North Canaan, Salisbury, and Sharon. Public school students attend the Cornwall Consolidated School for grades K-8 and Housatonic Valley Regional High School for grades 9-12.
Arts and culture
The Cornwall Library , organized in 1869, constructed a new building in 2002 that houses a collection of over 28,000 items. It also sponsors a long-running art show along with many other events.
The Cornwall Chronicle  is a non-profit monthly newspaper that publishes news and feature stories about Cornwall, a calendar of events, and drawings by local artists. It was started in 1991 and has not missed an issue since.
Museums and other points of interest
- Cathedral Pines - a 42-acre nature conservatory and old-growth forest.
- Cornwall Bridge - built in 1930 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.
- Cornwall Bridge Railroad Station - added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
- Cornwall Historical Society - located in a converted carriage barn, features annual exhibits on Cornwall's history.
- House VI ("the Frank residence") - an example of Deconstructivist architecture.
- Mohawk Mountain Ski Area - a ski resort.
- West Cornwall Covered Bridge - listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975
The town was also home to the Foreign Mission School.
The covered bridge in West Cornwall is also one of only three covered bridges in Litchfield County. It has been in continuous service since 1864. The span is 242 feet and it crosses the Housatonic River.
- Ethan Allen, Revolutionary War hero (Green Mountain Boys) and co-founder of the state of Vermont
- Ira Allen, one of the founders of Vermont
- Major Andre Andrews, mayor of Buffalo, New York
- Edward L. Ferman, editor and publisher for Mercury Press magazines and editor of anthologies, most notably of The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, published in Cornwall for more than a decade.
- Tom Jones, composer, The Fantasticks
- Alexandra Paul, actress, raised in Cornwall
- Oliver Platt, actor
- J. Lawrence Pool, M.D., pioneering neurosurgeon, writer and adventurer
- Abraham A. Ribicoff, governor and U.S. senator
- John Sedgwick, Union Army general killed by a sniper at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House 
- Oscar Serlin, Broadway producer, Life With Father
- Marc Simont, artist, political cartoonist and illustrator of children's books
- James Thurber, author (The Secret Life of Walter Mitty), cartoonist and celebrated wit
- Charles Van Doren, historian, notable quiz show contestant, resident
- Mark Van Doren, poet and teacher
- Sam Waterston, actor, lives in West Cornwall
- Josepha Newcomb Whitney, suffragist, pacifist, elected to Connecticut legislature
- The fictional private boarding high school Cornwall Academy from the 1999 film Outside Providence is located in Cornwall, Connecticut.
- In the eleventh episode of the second season of Supernatural, Sam and Dean Winchester explore a haunted bed and breakfast in Cornwall.
- In Season 4, Episode 11 of the television show Gossip Girl, Juliet Sharp returns to her hometown of Cornwall, Connecticut.
- Covered Bridge appears in opening credits of Valley of the Dolls
- "Cornwall, Connecticut". City-Data.com. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 331.
-  Website of the Academy of American Poets, Web page titled "The Hills of Little Cornwall" accessed November 21, 2006
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
- "J. Lawrence Pool, MD". The Society of Neurological Surgeons.
- "John Sedgwick". Who’s Who In The Civil war. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
- Non-official web site sponsored by the Cornwall Association Portal style website, Government, Business, Library, Recreation and more
- Cornwall Consolidated School
- Cornwall libraries
- The Lakeville Journal
- Housatonic Valley Regional High School in Falls Village
- Cornwall Historical Society
- Northwest Connecticut Arts Council
- Northwest Connecticut Convention and Visitors Bureau
- City-Data.com Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Cornwall