Cornwall Hill

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Cornwall Hill
Cornwall Hill Military Memorial to the fallen.
Cornwall Hill Military Memorial to the fallen.
Cornwall Hill is located in Gauteng
Cornwall Hill
Cornwall Hill
 Cornwall Hill shown within Gauteng
Cornwall Hill is located in South Africa
Cornwall Hill
Cornwall Hill
Cornwall Hill (South Africa)
Cornwall Hill is located in Africa
Cornwall Hill
Cornwall Hill
Cornwall Hill (Africa)
Coordinates: 25°52′34″S 28°14′22″E / 25.87611°S 28.23944°E / -25.87611; 28.23944Coordinates: 25°52′34″S 28°14′22″E / 25.87611°S 28.23944°E / -25.87611; 28.23944
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
Municipality City of Tshwane
Main Place Centurion
Established 1998
Area[1]
 • Total 2.30 km2 (0.89 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 628
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 30.10%
 • Coloured 0.96%
 • Indian/Asian 1.43%
 • White 67.52%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • English 44.75%
 • Afrikaans 40.13%
 • Sotho 3.03%
 • Tswana 2.39%
 • other 9.7%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Postal code (street) 0157
PO box 0178

Cornwall Hill is a small township south of Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa, It borders the township of Irene. Cornwall Hill takes its name from the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry brigade that was stationed here during the Anglo-Boer war.

Anglo-Boer War[edit]

During the Anglo-Boer War, at the time of the British occupation of Pretoria, over a thousand Mounted Infantry, two companies of the 2nd Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry and 350 Northumberland Fusiliers guarded the section of railway line at Irene. Cornwall Hill takes its name from the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry brigade. These Cornish men, camped on the western slopes of the highest hill in the vicinity of the Irene Station, built a rough stone fort to protect the railway line linking Johannesburg to Pretoria, and thus the hill became known as Cornwall Hill.

World War II Monument[edit]

A memorial was erected on Cornwall Hill to fallen members of the South African Air Force of the Union Defence Force who died during the Second World War. It consists of an obelisk with a bronze eagle on top. The memorial contains the following inscriptions:

  • "Paul Nellmapius of Irene killed while advancing past Rome 15-6-1944"
  • "Peter Versveld of Constantia killed when H.M.S. Cornwall was sunk off Ceylon 5-4-1942"
  • "Andrew Duncan of Pretoria killed in an air battle over Libya 31-5-1942"
  • "Ulrich van Rooyen van Worcester gesneuweld in 'n lugaanval teen Ploesti 26-7-1944"
  • "David Howe-Browne of Tanganyika killed in an air battle while attacking Berlin 2-12-1943"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Sub Place Cornwall Hill". Census 2011.