A coronach (also written coranich, corrinoch, coranach, cronach, etc.) is the Scottish Gaelic equivalent of the Goll, being the third part of a round of keening, the traditional improvised singing at a death, wake or funeral in the Highlands of Scotland and in Ireland. Though observers have reported hearing such songs in Ireland or in the Scottish Highlands, and melodies have been noted down and printed since the 18th century, audio recordings are rare; not only was the practice dying out or being suppressed through the 19th century, but it was also considered by its practitioners to have been a very personal and spiritual practice, not suitable for performance or recording.
The Scottish border ballad The Bonny Earl of Murray is supposedly composed in the tradition of the coronach.
In popular culture
- Progressive rock group Jethro Tull released a single called "Coronach" in 1986.
- Melodic death metal band Eternal Tears of Sorrow have a song entitled "Coronach" on their 1998 album, Vilda Mánnu.
- Death metal band Hate Eternal have an instrumental song entitled "Coronach" as the last song on their 2008 album, Fury and Flames. (The album as a whole is dedicated to Jared Anderson, a deceased friend and former bandmate of band leader Erik Rutan.)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Coronach". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 185.
- Purser, John (1981). Scotland's Music. Mainstream. pp. 296–7.
- Ó Madagáin, Breandán (2005). Caointe agus Seancheolta Eile / Keening and other old Irish music. Cló Iar-Chonnachta. pp. 14 & 84.
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