Coronation Island

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Coronation Island
Leucistic Antarctic Fur Seal in the South Orkney Islands.jpg
Leucistic Antarctic fur seal on Coronation Island
Coronation Island is located in Antarctica
Coronation Island
Coronation Island
Location in Antarctica
Geography
LocationAntarctica
Coordinates60°37′S 45°35′W / 60.617°S 45.583°W / -60.617; -45.583Coordinates: 60°37′S 45°35′W / 60.617°S 45.583°W / -60.617; -45.583
ArchipelagoSouth Orkney Islands
Area450 km2 (170 sq mi)
Length46 km (28.6 mi)
Width5.6–14.8 km (3.5–9.2 mi)
Highest elevation1,265 m (4150 ft)
Highest pointMount Nivea
Administration
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System
Demographics
Population0

Coronation Island is the largest of the South Orkney Islands, 25 nautical miles (46 km) long and from 3 to 8 nautical miles (5.6 to 14.8 km) wide. The island extends in a general east–west direction, is mainly ice-covered and comprises numerous bays, glaciers and peaks, the highest rising to 1,265 metres (4,150 ft).[1]

History[edit]

The island was discovered in December 1821, in the course of the joint cruise by Captain Nathaniel Palmer, an American sealer, and Captain George Powell, a British sealer. Powell named the island in honour of the coronation of George IV, who had become king of the United Kingdom in 1820.[1]

Antarctic Specially Protected Area[edit]

An area of some 92 km2 of north-central Coronation Island has been designated an Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA 114), mainly for use as a relatively pristine reference site for use in comparative studies with more heavily impacted sites. It extends northwards from Brisbane Heights and Wave Peak in the central mountains to the coast between Conception Point in the west to Foul Point in the east. Most of the land in the site is covered by glacial ice, with small areas of ice-free terrain along the coast. Birds known to breed within the site include chinstrap penguins, Cape petrels and snow petrels.[2]

Major features[edit]

Many geographic features on and around Coronation Island have been charted and named by various exploration and survey groups.

The island's northwest point is called Penguin Point.[3] Several named rock formations are located offshore just west of Penguin Point, including the Melsom Rocks, the Despair Rocks, and Lay-brother Rock.[4][5][6]

Bays[edit]

The island's irregular coast is indented by a great number of bays.

Other features[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Coronation Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Northern Coronation Island, South Orkney Islands" (PDF). Management Plan for Antarctic Specially Protected Area No. 114: Measure 2, Annex. Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2003. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Penguin Point". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Lay-brother Rock". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Despair Rocks". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Melsom Rocks". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Iceberg Bay". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Ommanney Bay". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Sandefjord Bay". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 12 May 2019.

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Geological Survey.