Coronation Island

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This article is about the island in the South Atlantic. For the island in the North Pacific, see Coronation Island (Alaska). For island in Western Australia, see Coronation Island (Western Australia).
Coronation Island
Leucistic Antarctic Fur Seal in the South Orkney Islands.jpg
Leucistic Antarctic fur seal on Coronation Island
Coronation Island is located in Antarctica
Coronation Island
Location in Antarctica
Geography
Location Antarctica
Coordinates 60°37′S 45°35′W / 60.617°S 45.583°W / -60.617; -45.583Coordinates: 60°37′S 45°35′W / 60.617°S 45.583°W / -60.617; -45.583
Archipelago South Orkney Islands
Length 46 km (28.6 mi)
Width 5.6–14.8 km (3.5–9.2 mi)
Highest elevation 1,265 m (4,150 ft)
Administration
None
Demographics
Population Uninhabited
Additional information
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System

Coronation Island is the largest of the South Orkney Islands, 25 nautical miles (46 km) long and from 3 to 8 nautical miles (5.6 to 14.8 km) wide. The island extends in a general east-west direction, is mainly ice-covered and comprises numerous bays, glaciers and peaks, the highest rising to 1,265 metres (4,150 ft).

History[edit]

The island was discovered in December 1821, in the course of the joint cruise by Captain Nathaniel Palmer, an American sealer, and Captain George Powell, a British sealer. Powell named the island in honour of the coronation of George IV, who had become king of the United Kingdom in 1820.[1]

Antarctic Specially Protected Area[edit]

An area of some 92 km2 of north-central Coronation Island has been designated an Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA 114), mainly for use as a relatively pristine reference site for use in comparative studies with more heavily impacted sites. It extends northwards from Brisbane Heights and Wave Peak in the central mountains to the coast between Conception Point in the west to Foul Point in the east. Most of the land in the site is covered by glacial ice, with small areas of ice-free terrain along the coast. Birds known to breed within the site include chinstrap penguins, Cape petrels and snow petrels.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coronation Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2016-02-07. 
  2. ^ "Northern Coronation Island, South Orkney Islands" (PDF). Management Plan for Antarctic Specially Protected Area No. 114: Measure 2, Annex. Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2003. Retrieved 2013-09-22. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Coronation Island" (content from the Geographic Names Information System).