Coronation of Vajiralongkorn
This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
King Vajiralongkorn in the Royal procession, 5 May 2019.
|Date||4 May 2019|
The coronation of King Maha Vajiralongkorn took place on 4 May 2019 at the Grand Palace, Bangkok, Thailand. Vajiralongkorn ascended the throne at the age of 64 upon the death of his father, Bhumibol Adulyadej, on 13 October 2016, accepting the accession invitation by Prem Tinsulanonda, president of the Privy Council, on 1 December 2016. The coronation was held within just two years after his accession to the throne in 2016 because of an appropriate length of time to pass after the death and funeral of Bhumibol Adulyadej and the arrangement of the ceremony after the last such rite having being held in 1950.
The ceremonies of coronation, the first ever to be aired on television, were aired in both Thai and English by the Television Pool of Thailand.
The collection of water for use the ceremony took place on 6 April 2019, Chakri Day, in all 76 provinces and Bangkok. This event formally marked the official commencement of the preparatory activities to be held before the coronation day.
List of sacred water sources
|Phuttha Utthayan Reservoir||อ่างเก็บน้ำพุทธอุทยาน||Mueang Amnat Charoen||Amnat Charoen|
|Chao Phraya River, Wat Chaiyo Worawihan||แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา, วัดไชโยวรวิหาร||Chaiyo||Ang Thong|
|Bueng Khong Long Wetland||พื้นที่ชุ่มน้ำบึงโขงหลง||Bueng Khong Long||Bueng Kan|
|Sacred Well, Tham Phra Cave||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ถ้ำพระ||Seka||Bueng Kan|
|Sacred Pond, Wat Klang||แหล่งน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์วัดกลาง||Mueang Buriram||Buriram|
|Paknam Jolo||ปากน้ำโจ้โล้||Bang Khla||Chachoengsao|
|Chao Phraya River, Wat Thammamun Worawihan||แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา, วัดธรรมามูลวรวิหาร||Mueang Chai Nat||Chai Nat|
|Sacred Well, Wat Pairee Pinat||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์วัดไพรีพินาศ||Mueang Chaiyaphum||Chaiyaphum|
|Bo Nam Chi Phut Well, Chi River||บ่อน้ำชีผุด แม่น้ำชี||Nong Bua Daeng||Chaiyaphum|
|Sacred Well, Wat Plup||บ่อน้ำชีผุด แม่น้ำชี||Mueang Chanthaburi||Chanthaburi|
|Narayana Stream||ธารนารายณ์||Mueang Chanthaburi||Chanthaburi|
|Sa Kaeo Pond||สระแก้ว||Tha Mai||Chanthaburi|
|Sacred Well, Wat Bupparam||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ วัดบุพพาราม||Mueang Chiang Mai||Chiang Mai|
|Ang Ka Luang||อ่างกาหลวง||Chom Thong||Chiang Mai|
|Khun Nam Mae Ping||ขุนน้ำแม่ปิง||Chiang Dao||Chiang Mai|
|Bo Nam Thip Well, Wat Phra That Doi Tung||บ่อน้ำทิพย์, วัดพระมหาชินธาตุเจ้า (ดอยตุง)||Mae Sai||Chiang Rai|
|Chao Khun Thao Pond, Wat Khao Phra Phutthabat Bang Sai||สระเจ้าคุณเฒ่า, วัดเขาพระพุทธบาท บางทราย||Mueang Chonburi||Chonburi|
|Bo Nam Thip Well, Tham Khao Plu Cave||บ่อน้ำทิพย์, ถ้ำเขาพลู||Pathio||Chumphon|
|Kud Nam Kin||กุดน้ำกิน||Mueang Kalasin||Kalasin|
|Bo Samsaen Well||บ่อสามแสน||Mueang Kamphaeng Phet||Kamphaeng Phet|
|Samprasob River||แม่น้ำสามประสบ||Sangkhla Buri||Kanchanaburi|
|Baray, Wat Ku Prapha Chai||บาราย วัดกู่ประภาชัย||Nam Phong||Khon Kaen|
|Wang Tewada||วังเทวดา||Mueang Krabi||Krabi|
|Bo Camadevi Well||บ่อน้ำเลี้ยงพระนางจามเทวี||Mueang Lampang||Lampang|
|Bo Nam Thip Well, Doi Khamo||บ่อน้ำทิพย์ ดอยขะม้อ||Mueang Lamphun||Lamphun|
|Tham Piang Din Cave||ถ้ำเพียงดิน||Mueang Loei||Loei|
|Sacred Well, Wat Kawi Sararam Ratcha Worawihan||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ วัดกวิศรารามราชวรวิหาร||Mueang Lopburi||Lopburi|
|Tham Pla–Namtok Pha Suea National Park||อุทยานแห่งชาติถ้ำปลา–น้ำตกผาเสื่อ||Mueang Mae Hong Son||Mae Hong Son|
|Nong Nam Dun Swamp||หนองดูน||Na Dun||Maha Sarakham|
|Khun Dan Prakarnchon Dam||เขื่อนขุนด่านปราการชล||Mueang Nakhon Nayok||Nakhon Nayok|
|Muang Boran Dong Lakhon City||เมืองโบราณดงละคร||Mueang Nakhon Nayok||Nakhon Nayok|
|Bueng Phra Achan Swamp||บึงพระอาจารย์||Mueang Nakhon Nayok||Nakhon Nayok|
|Chandra Pond, Sanam Chandra Palace||สระน้ำจันทร์ พระราชวังสนามจันทร์||Mueang Nakhon Pathom||Nakhon Pathom|
|Sa Murathapisek Pond||สระน้ำมุรธาภิเษก||That Phanom||Nakhon Phanom|
|Lam Takong Water Source, Khao Yai National Park||ต้นน้ำลำตะคอง อุทยานแห่งชาติเขาใหญ่||Pak Chong||Nakhon Ratchasima|
|Bueng Boraphet||บึงบอระเพ็ด||Mueang Nakhon Sawan||Nakhon Sawan|
|Sacred Well, Wat Na Phra Lan||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ วัดหน้าพระลาน||Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat||Nakhon Si Thammarat|
|Sacred Well, Wat Sema Mueang||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ วัดเสมาเมือง||Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat||Nakhon Si Thammarat|
|Sacred Well, Wat Samao Chai||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ วัดเสมาไชย||Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat||Nakhon Si Thammarat|
|Sacred Well, Wat Pratu Khao||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ วัดประตูขาว||Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat||Nakhon Si Thammarat|
|Sacred Well, Huai Khao Mahachai||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ ห้วยเขามหาชัย||Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat||Nakhon Si Thammarat|
|Sacred Well, Huai Pak Nakkharat||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ ห้วยปากนาคราช||Lan Saka||Nakhon Si Thammarat|
|Bo Nam Thip Well, Wat Suan Tan||บ่อน้ำทิพย์ วัดสวนตาล||Mueang Nan||Nan|
|Khlong Nam Bang Canal||คลองน้ำแบ่ง||Su-ngai Padi||Narathiwat|
|Sacred Well, Wat Si Khun Muang||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ วัดศรีคูณเมือง||Mueang Nong Bua Lamphu||Nong Bua Lamphu|
|Sa Mucalinda Pond||สระมุจลินท์||Mueang Nong Khai||Nong Khai|
|Chao Phraya River, The Monument of King Nangklao (Rama III), Wat Chaloem Phra Kiat Worawihan||แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา เบื้องหน้าพระบรมราชานุสาวรีย์พระบาทสมเด็จพระนั่งเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว วัดเฉลิมพระเกียรติวรวิหาร||Mueang Nonthaburi||Nonthaburi|
|Chao Phraya River, Wat San Chao||แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา บริเวณหน้าวัดศาลเจ้า||Mueang Pathum Thani||Pathum Thani|
|Sa Wang Plai Bua Pond||สระวังพรายบัว||Nong Chik||Pattani|
|Bo Thong Well||บ่อทอง||Nong Chik||Pattani|
|Bo Chai Well||บ่อไชย||Nong Chik||Pattani|
|Bo Reu Si Well||บ่อฤษี||Nong Chik||Pattani|
|Sacred Well, Tham Nam Phud Cave||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ ถ้ำน้ำผุด||Mueang Phang Nga||Phang Nga|
|Chai Buri Cave||ถ้ำน้ำบนหุบเขาชัยบุรี||Mueang Phatthalung||Phatthalung|
|Sacred Pond, Wat Don Sala||สระน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ วัดดอนศาลา||Ban Lat||Phatthalung|
|Sacred Well, Phra Bharomathat Khean Bang Kaew||บ่อน้ำศักดิ์สิทธิ์ พระบรมธาตุเขียนบางแก้ว||Khao Chaison||Phatthalung|
|Wat Tha Chaisiri||วัดท่าไชยศิริ||Ban Lat||Phetchaburi|
8 to 9 April
Buddhist monks in major temples consecrated the water collected in their respective provinces.
10 to 11 April
The collected waters from the provincial temples were officially transported to the Ministry of Interior Building in Bangkok by their respective provincial governors or their representatives.
At 16:00 (UTC+07:00), ten monks who are abbots from several Thai Buddhist temples chanted prayers at Wat Phra Kaew to bless the ceremony and the Royal Plaques.
At 9:25 (UTC+07:00), A ceremony was held at the ubosot of Wat Phra Kaew to record the king's horoscope and the official titles of the king and his family on the Royal Golden Plaques and to engrave the Royal Seal of State. Following the ceremony the Court Brahmins of the Devasathan Temple, led by the Chief Brahmin of the Royal Family of Thailand, blessed the plaques and the Seal.
The Royal Horoscope was engraved by the court astrologer Chatchai Pinngern, who was present during the ceremony.
Tree plantings of yellow star trees, considered royal trees by the king, were conducted nationwide in every forest and national park in all 76 provinces.
In a ceremony at the Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall the king officially married Gen Suthida Tidjai and officially designated her as Queen of Thailand. The ceremony was held with Princess Sirindhorn, the Princess Royal, and the President of Privy Council Prem Tinsulanonda as witnesses.
At 16:09 (UTC+07:00), The King, Queen Suthida and Princess Bajrakitiyabha paid homage to the Equestrian statue of King Chulalongkorn and the Memorial of Rama I . He also paid respect to sacred icons placed at both the Phaisan Thaksin Throne Hall and Chakraphat Phimarn Royal Residence.
Nationwide, mass Buddhist monastic ordinations in honor of the coronation were organized by the National Office of Buddhism and the Sangha Supreme Council (Mahāthera Samāgama) in all 76 provinces together with their respective provincial and local governments, with 6,810 receiving their holy orders of monkhood, including personnel of the civil services, the armed forces and police.
At 10:00 (UTC+07:00), The Royal Golden Plaques and the Royal Seal of State were transferred from Wat Phra Kaew to Phaisan Thaksin Throne Hall (Phra Thinang Phaisan Thaksin) in procession, and they were placed into the hall by the Lord Chamberlain of the Chakri dynasty, Air Chief Marshal (ret) Satitpong Sukvimol, RTAF. The Weapons of Sovereignty were earlier transferred from the Temple to a special table in the hall.
In the late afternoon, Buddhist monks assembled for the benediction vigil chanted the traditional Paritta Suttas for the coronation and laid a protective thread around the buildings of the Phra Maha Monthien group within the wider Grand Palace complex as a precaution against evil spirits, preceded by a candle lighting ceremony and then, following the recitation of the Five precepts, by the lighting by Supreme Patriarch Ariyavongsagatanana (Amborn Ambaro) in the Amarin Winitchai Throne Hall (Phra Thinang Amarin Winitchai Mahaisuraya Phiman) of the Victory Candle (Candle of Victory, เทียนชัย) in the presence of the king, signifying the official commencement of the ceremony.
Following this, a senior monk formally declared the official commencement of the coronation ceremonies in both Pali and Thai (the sacred languages of the Buddhist religion in Thailand). 35 monks were stationed at the Phaisan Thaksin Throne Hall, where the soon to be crowned King was present as the presider of the vigil service, with another 5 being assigned to the Chakraphat Phimarn Royal Residence (Phra Thinang Chakraphat Phiman).
After the chanting the Chief Brahmin gave the King the leaves of certain trees, such as the Aegle marmelos, that were esteemed in ancient times for their supposed medicinal and purifying values, which, following being dipped in holy water, were brushed by him on the head and hair to symbolise purification and gave them back later to the Chief Brahmin before being burned. These leaves were earlied dipped by the Court Brahmin from the Devasathan Temple as part of a Hindu ceremony called the homa (sacrifices to fire).
After the monks departed, the king then gave offerings of flowers, each to the Hindu deities in Devasathan, to the sacred white royal nine-tiered umbrellas (five dotted around the various palaces), and to the images of the guardian spirits of the capital city at the city shrine, preceded by a second candle lighting rite paying respect to sacred Buddha images and guardians of the holy thrones in the palace. After this senior government officials took their places with persons of royal descent and the Court Brahmin around the Octagonal Throne where a ceremony was held to bless the throne.
Preceding the vigil, the king made a short visit to Wat Phra Kaew.
At 10:09 (UTC+07:00), the Royal Purification, or the Song Muratha Bhisek Ceremony, took place at the Chakraphat Phimarn Royal Residence (Phra Thinang Chakraphat Phiman), in the presence of the Supreme Patriarch and the Chief Brahmin, preceded by the reading of the Five Precepts.
Shortly afterwards, King Maha Vajiralongkorn switched to a white dress trimmed with gold for purification ceremony. After making offerings and paying respects, the King sits in a specially erected pavilion. As a shower of sacred water poured upon his head, a 40-gun salute was fired and the prakhom band trumpeters sounded a fanfare. Within the precincts of the Palace, the Royal Guards played the Royal Anthem as monks recited their chants of benediction. Sacred water is also being given by the Supreme Patriarch, HSH Prince Pusan Svastivatana, HSH Prince Chulchern Yugala and the Chief Court Brahmin, Phra Maha Raja Guru Bidhi Sri Visudhigun. The King then cleansed himself with the waters collected earlier from all 76 provinces across Thailand.
The ablution rite was then followed by the Anointment Ceremony at the Phaisan Thaksin Throne Hall's Octagonal Throne, in which the King was presented with 9 bowls of consecrated water from the government officials and royal representatives who were present the previous night, representing the Thai people, the royal family and the state government, wherein he was formally granted the full authority of his kingship in accordance with the religious and historical traditions of the state and the Constitution. In each of the directions of the throne, the Chief Brahmin gave the king the bowl of water, in which he dipped his hands, and following the act the Royal Nine-Tiered Umbrella was presented to him after the Court Brahmin chanted a Hindu mantra. Only after the Royal Umbrella is presented which symbolises the full consecration of the King, the King from that point can be addressed as Phrabat Somdet Phrachaoyuhua (Thai: พระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว)
Then the king proceeded to the Bhadrapitha Throne and was seated under the Royal Nine-tiered Umbrella as the new consecrated sovereign, where, after paying homage and reciting the Tamil mantra "Opening the portals of Kailash" (from the Tiruvacakam), the Chief Brahmin presented him with the Royal Golden Plaque and other official royal regalia, during which the Royal Anthem was officially played, a fanfare sounded and a 101-gun salute from the Ceremonial Gun Battery, 1st Battalion, 1st Field Artillery Regiment, King's Guard of the Royal Thai Army fired at both the Grand Palace and the Sanam Luang Royal Plaza as similar salutes were fired in the provinces in saluting stations manned by personnel of the Royal Thai Armed Forces, while bells were rung in Buddhist temples nationwide. Distinctive blowing of conch shells were heard as the King crowned himself with the 7.3 kg Great Crown of Victory at 12:10 (UTC+7:00). After the Crowning and Investiture Ceremony, in response to the Chief Brahmin formally informing him of new royal title and the benediction that preceded it, the king presented the First Royal Command to the Court Brahmins and the Chief Brahmin of the Royal Family, in the following manner:
The King: From today, I shall continue, preserve, and build upon the royal legacy and shall reign with righteousness for the benefit and happiness of the people forever. The Chief Brahmin: Your Majesty, I do receive this the first command of yours, and will fulfill it to the best that I can do.
This was followed by the consecration and installation of Queen Suthida as Queen of Thailand, wherein following the proclamation of her installation he awarded her with the insignias of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri and the Order of the Nine Gems, while fanfare and music is played and a Buddhist benediction said. Following this the King scattered gold and silver flowers and coins among the Court Brahmin and members of the royal family as alms.
Minutes after the Victory Candle was extinguished at the Amarin Winitchai Throne Hall amidst the chanting of the monks in the presence of Their Majesties.
At 13:19 (UTC+07:00), the ceremony of Assumption of the Royal Residence then followed at the Chakraphat Phimarn Royal Residence.
At 14:00 (UTC+07:00), The king held an audience with members of the Royal Family, the Privy Council, government officials, members of the diplomatic corps and representatives of public and private enterprises at the Phuttan Kanchanasinghat Throne inside the Amarin Winitchai Throne Hall, where he gave his first address to the nation as crowned sovereign of the people and nation of Thailand. The loyal address on behalf of members of the Royal Family was made by Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, the Princess Royal, followed by the loyal address on behalf of the government, civil service, armed forces and police which will be taken by the Prime Minister of Thailand, Gen (ret) Prayut Chan-o-cha, RTA, and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Judge Cheep Chulamon, and the loyal address on behalf of the people which was made by the President of the National Legislative Assembly of Thailand, Pornpetch Wichitcholchai. During the first playing of the Royal Anthem, another 21-gun salute was fired in Bangkok.
At 16:00 (UTC+07:00), the king proceeded to Wat Phra Kaew to proclaim himself the Royal Patron of Buddhism and be granted a final coronation blessing, following which, he ended the day with a sunset visit to the Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall to pay tribute to his royal ancestors. A short memorial service was held, wherein the new king offered orange robes to the presiding group of monks in gratitude for their presence.
Full order of government officials and royal representatives who gave consecrated holy water to the King at the Octagonal Throne
- His Serene Highness Prince Pusan Svastivatana
- His Serene Highness Prince Mongkhonchaloem Yugala
- His Serene Highness Prince Chaloemsuek Yugala
- Gen (ret) Prem Tinsulanonda, RTA, President of the Privy Council
- Gen (ret) Prayut Chan-o-cha, RTA, Prime Minister of Thailand
- Pornpetch Wichitcholchai, President of the National Legislative Assembly of Thailand
- Gen (ret) Anupong Paochinda, RTP, Minister of the Interior
- Judge Cheep Chulamon, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Thailand
At 9:00 (UTC+07:00), the ceremony to bestow the king's Royal Cypher and Royal Title and to grant the royal ranks to members of the Royal Family and Privy Council took place at the Amarin Winitchai Throne Hall followed by a lunch service by Buddhist monks.
At 16:30 (UTC+07:00), the King rode in the Royal Palanquin in procession in the centre of the city. At each temple along the route, the king paid respects to the ashes of predecessor monarchs enshrined in these temples.
Full order of the Royal Land Procession through the streets of Bangkok
- Two cavalry troopers from the Royal Thai Police
- 1st Massed military bands of the 1st Division, King's Guard, First Army, RTA
- Band of the 1st Battalion, 1st Infantry Regiment, King's Own Close Bodyguard
- Band of the 2nd Battalion, 1st Infantry Regiment, King's Own Close Bodyguard
- Regimental Band of the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy
- Parade commander and staff
- 1st Guards Regiment
- 1st Battalion, 1st Infantry Regiment, King's Own Close Bodyguard
- Royal Standard Bearers (carrying the War Flags of Garuda and Hanuman)
- Prakhom band from the Bureau of the Royal Household and Court Brahmins from Devasathan Temple
- Gen (Rtd) Prayut Chan-o-cha, RTA, the Prime Minister of Thailand, and Gen Thanchaiyan Srisuwan, RTA, the Chief of Defence Forces, service commanders of the RTAF and the Chief of the General Staff
- 1st company of Royal umbrella bearers and the bearers of the Victory Flags of the Trimurti (Hindu Trinity)
- The Grand Royal Coronation Palanquin carrying the King, carried by 16 servicemen of the Royal Thai Army and escorted by 16 spearmen, the holders of the Weapons of Sovereignty and 48 Royal Guards
- 2nd company of Royal umbrella bearers
- Bearers of the remainder of the Royal Regalia
- 2nd Massed military bands of the 1st Division, King's Guard, First Army, RTA
- 2nd Guards Regiment
- 1st Battalion, 11th Infantry Regiment, King's Own Bodyguard
At 16:30 (UTC+07:00), the King granted a public audience on the main balcony of Suthaisawan Prasat Pavilion Hall in the Grand Palace to receive his well wishes from the people and address the nation on the prospects of his reign as sovereign of the country and people. As was during the Saturday audience, Gen (Ret) Prayut Chan-o-cha, RTA, the Prime Minister of Thailand, gave the day's loyal address in the name of the assembled crowds, members of the state government and the armed forces and police.
At 17:30 the king granted an audience at the Chakri Maha Prasat Throne Hall to members of the international diplomatic corps.
At 19:01 a special drone-flying exhibition in honor of the coronation, the final event of the day, was held at the Sanam Luang Royal Plaza with 300 drones taking part.
A special elephant parade in honor of the recent coronation was held within the streets surrounding the Grand Palace organized by the Ayutthaya Elephant Palace and Royal Kraal Foundation, evoking memories of the Ayutthaya and Thonburi periods wherein the royal family and nobility rode elephants in the dirt roads of the old city. 11 elephants accompanied by their handlers marched on across Sanam Chai Road from the Territorial Defence Command Building to Wat Phra Kaew and vice versa.
On this day, the king presides in his first national ceremony following his coronation as he leads the annual Royal Ploughing Ceremony at Sanam Luang Square, officially starting the traditional rice growing season in Thailand. The rice sown in this rite is sourced from the Chitralada Royal Villa grounds, where his late father lived.
The king's first ever State Opening of the National Assembly as the newly crowned sovereign of the state will take place in Bangkok. It will be the first time the State Opening will be held there as the traditional venue, the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall, is closed to the public.
In this first ever observance of his birthday as the crowned sovereign, the king will host a birthday banquet in the Grand Palace in his honor, one of many events to be staged in celebration of his birthday.
18 January 2020
A joint oath-taking ceremony by the Royal Thai Armed Forces and Royal Thai Police held to mark the Coronation and to coincide with the Royal Thai Armed Forces Day 2020 at Cavalry Centre of Adisorn Military Camp in Saraburi Province. This was the first time that King Maha Vajiralongkorn attends a military parade in his capacity as the Head of the Armed Forces and since his ascension to the Throne. General Gen. Pornpipat Benyasri, Chief of the Defense Force, led 6,812 military and police personnels in declaring faithful allegiance to the King.
- "Coronation of HM King Maha Vajiralongkorn to be held May 4–6: palace". The Nation. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
- Holmes, Oliver (26 October 2017). "Thailand grieves over former king at lavish cremation ceremony". The Guardian.
- "Thai king's coronation likely by the end of 2017: deputy PM". Reuters. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- Shawn W. Crispin, How stable is post-cremation Thailand?, Asia Times (December 6, 2017).
- "Thailand collects sacred waters for king's coronation rituals". 6 April 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
- "Sacred water collected for Coronation rites". The Nation.
- Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Sacred coronation water arrives in Bangkok from provinces". bangkokpost.com.
- "Sacred water moved from Interior Ministry to Suthat Thepphawararam temple". thainews.prd.go.th.
- swissinfo.ch, S. W. I.; Corporation, a branch of the Swiss Broadcasting. "Royal astrologer casts Thai king's horoscope ahead of coronation". SWI swissinfo.ch.
- "A new Queen emerges in pre-coronation Thailand". Asia Times. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- "New queen named". Bangkok Post. 1 May 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- "ในหลวง-สมเด็จพระราชินีสุทิดา เสด็จฯ ถวายราชสักการะพระบรมราชานุสรณ์ ร. 5". 2 May 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
- "Religious ceremonies held to mark royal coronation". The Nation.
- "Royal plaques delivered to throne hall". The Nation.
- "Lighting of Victory Candle illuminates fresh hope". The Nation.
- "HM the King wears Crown of Victory". The Nation.
- Dhani Nivat 1949, p. 11 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDhani_Nivat1949 (help)
- Quaritch Wales 1931, p. 86 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFQuaritch_Wales1931 (help)
- Dhani Nivat 1949, p. 12 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDhani_Nivat1949 (help)
- "HM grants new titles". The Nation.
- "Royal barge procession rescheduled". bangkokpost.com. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019.