Corps Franconia Darmstadt

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Corps Franconia Darmstadt
Wappen des Corps Franconia Darmstadt
Country
Universities
Founded
November 16, 1889 in Darmstadt
Type
Colors
"Zirkel" used as Post-Nominal
   ZirkelFranconia gross.png
Motto
Nec temere – nec timide!
Members
170 (August 2017)
Address
Alfred-Messel-Weg 3
64287 Darmstadt
Homepage

The Corps Franconia Darmstadt is a fraternity founded on November 16, 1889 in Darmstadt. It is one of the 59 German Student Corps within the Weinheimer Senioren-Convent (WSC), the second oldest federation of classical European fraternal corporations, with roots dating back to the 15th century and fraternities founded in several European countries.[1][2]

The Corps is a color-bearing fraternal corporation that keeps alive the tradition of Academic fencing. Membership in the fraternity is open to men studying at one of Darmstadt's universities such as TU Darmstadt and University of Applied Sciences. Corps Franconia's members wear the traditional colour, coloured stripes, in black/ white/ lime-green. The fraternity teaches and expects tolerance from its members, stemming from diverse ethnic, national, religious and political backgrounds.

In particular, the Corps is known for its foundation by Wilhelm von Opel[3][4] and the active membership of his brother Carl von Opel[5] as well as his nephew Hans von Opel,[6] founders and owners of the German automobile company Opel.

In 2016/2017 for the second time, the Corps chaired the umbrella organisation of the Weinheimer Senioren-Convent.[7][8] On May 26 of 2017, by the initiative of Corps Franconia, the WSC first opened the membership for Corps of foreign countries.[9]

A characteristic of Corps Franconia is its cooperation with the American fraternity Tau Kappa Epsilon which evoked mutual memberships.[10]

History[edit]

On November 16, 1889 the fraternity was founded as an academic cycling club (Academischer Radfahrer-Verein)[11] and was approved by the directory of the Technische Universität Darmstadt on January 9, 1890. In its beginning, Wilhelm von Opel filled the position of the vice president and as a passionate racing driver, he won a lot of races and prizes in the name of the Corps. As the reputation of cycling clubs sunk, the club was converted to the voluntarily fencing fraternity Franconia.[12] Just a few months later, in March 1893, Franconia was authorized by the TU Darmstadt.[13]

On June 26 of 1893, the brotherhood converted to the Corps Franconia.[6] On Jule 11 later that year, the Corps was approved by the Darmstädter Senioren-Convent, the community of all Corps in Darmstadt[13] and on Whitsun 1895 it was admitted by the Weinheimer Senioren-Convent, the community of all technical Corps in Germany.[14]

In comparison to other university cities, the relationship between the Corps in Darmstadt and the students was regarded as "convenient"[13] in the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. In many cases, members of the Corps led the students committee of the university.

Reconstitution after World War I[edit]

Memorial in honour of the fallen corps members

The first World War represents a turning-point of the Corps, especially as 12 corps brothers let their lives in the war.[15] In 1920/1921 the members of the Corps erected a memorial to their remembrance. In the winter semester of 1918/1919 the corps activities could be continued.

Already before the first World War the desire for their own corps house arose. For this purpose, the club Verein Alter Darmstädter Franken (VADaF) was founded on July 15, 1919. Wilhelm von Opel led the club as chairman and 1920, he was elected as the first Ehrenbursch of the corps, a very honorary member.[15] Together with his nephew Hans von Opel, Wilhelm donated 60.000 Reichsmark and provided a loan for further 50.000 RM to make the house project possible.[16] The Opel family (and later Klaus Mahn as well[17][18]) raised further voluntary donations, whose amounts exceeded the average payments many times,[19] which is apparent from the cash reports and bank statements.[19][20] Wilhelm von Opel signed a duty to assure lifelong financial support to the corps, which even moved on to his children.[21]

From National Socialism to today[edit]

In 1933, members of fencing fraternities were requested to join the SA and the SS. Like all other corps, Franconia was forced to dismiss their not-aryan corps brothers, when the WSC joined the Allgemeinen Deutschen Waffenring. Although the affected members wanted to leave the corps voluntarily, their corps brothers did not accept this and tried to get special regulation for them - without success.

The democratic principle of the corps was inconsistent with the Führerprinzip, which endangered the existence of the fraternities and the corps. Franconia was lively keen for a working relationship between the fraternities and their political environment. The NSDStB drew on more and more fraternity traditions. A lot of resistance was raised against this adsorption: For example, in May 1930 the German corps magazine printed an explicit warning about political engagement in general and within the NSDAP especially.[22]

In a meeting the corps unanimously denied to provide themselves as a Kameradschaft. Under pressure of the national socialist student leadership, the corps suspended on October 19, 1935 and the WSC ended with its voluntary disbanding, the only alternative to escape the NSDStB. Despite the disbanding of the corps, the participating VADaF club kept up under provisional leadership through Arthur Tix,[23] as it did not stand in contrast to any party authorities".[23]

With the exception of the Corps Franconia, all other Corps in Darmstadt sold their houses. This way, Franconia could continue its activities in the rented house, but under much harder conditions. From 1939, a few rooms of the corps house were provided for the Kameradschaft Kaspar (named after its leader), to which the corps members stand in contact. In 1941, the Kameradschaft was renamed in Kameradschaft Litzmann. The corps member Dr. Georg Wilhelm Lotterhos was able to prevent the full integration of the VADaF's members and property into the NSDAP, which is apparent from the correspondence between him and the Nazi student leadership in 1943/1944. In chronist Dr. Peter Heß opinion, the Corps would not exist anymore without the leaders of the VADaF.

In the end of the Third Reich the Kameradschaft dissolved and the Corps was reconstituted on September 18, 1948. After receiving the approval of the Technical University the fraternity fully started its first semester program in the winter semester of 1949/1950. After the second World War, the corps consisted of 10-15 members.

Since 1949 the corps continued its activities continuously. The press and agents from politics[24] and university[25] regularly visit the Corps to tell their congratulations.[26]

Both in 1970/71 and in 2016/17 the Corps Franconia led the Weinheimer Senioren-Convent for each one year.[27][28] Through the Corps' endeavours, the WSC was opened first for Corps in non-German speaking countries. The opening of the WSC was recorded as decision of fundamental importance.[29] The newspapers quoted chairman Jonathan Hildebrand, saying "The opening for other associations and for the public is one of the most important topic at the conference. (transl.)"[30]

Foreign Relations[edit]

On the basis of historically grown relations, there is an exchange program with the American fraternity Tau Kappa Epsilon. Timothy J. Murphy, executive vice president of TKE 1996–2000 is a member of the Corps.[31] Since 1972 there is also a friendship relation to the Corps Normannia Vandalia Munich.

Fraternity houses[edit]

Current house of the Corps

On September 26, 1919 the Corps bought a house in the Frankfurt Strasse 15, Darmstadt. This was sold in 1930 to a Cartellverband fraternity. A committee, which also joined Wilhelm von Opel and Hans von Opel, decided together with the tenured professor of architecture, Paul Meissner, about the drafts for the new house. On July 7, 1928 the foundation stone was laid down ceremonially. A report in the Darmstädter Tagblatt from March 23, 1928 attested the public interest of the event.[6] With Friedrich Dingeldey, Otto Berndt and mayor August Buxbaum agents from both university and city visited the ceremony. The official opening was celebrated on July 7, 1929. Next to a lot of other speakers, mayor Rudolf Mueller and his Magnificence Haus Rau delivered their congratulations, as the newspaper reported on its front page.[32]

As the only Corps in Darmstadt, Franconia did not sold the new house in the national socialism, but partially provided it to a Kameradschaft. On September 14, 1944 it was heavily damaged in an air raid. Until 1953 the reconstruction was compleded most extensive. Also a memorial for the fallen Corps members was moved to the corps house and expanded for the fallen Corps brothers in World War II.

Couleur and Coat of arms[edit]

The Corps' colors black/ white/ lime-green with silvered edge, are worn as traditional Couleur. A Fuchs typically wears a two-colored ribbon in black and white. Headgear and the traditional suit Pekesche is made from black cloth.

The slogan is "Nec temere - nec timide" (Neither act thoughtless - nor timidly) (Handle besonnen - bleibe frei von Furcht).

The coat of arms shows the colors and the Zirkel at the top of the left, the Lion of Hesse at the top of the right, the crossed swords with oak leaves and laurel wreath and weapon slogan G.U.N. (lat. Gladius Ultor Noster) and the foundation date (November 16, 1889). In the last field there is the Burg Frankenstein in the near of Darmstadt. In the middle there are the old colors of the Academic Cycling Club (white and green with golden edge).[6]

The coat of arms in the colors black/ white/ lime-green is still on the historic Wappentor of the Wachenburg.

Social Commitment[edit]

The Circle[edit]

C!rkel e.V.

In 2012, the corps member Oliver Zimmermann founded the C!rkel e.V. (registered club).[33] This club made the support of young professionals to its business. It offers general and student-orientated further education to give better job perspectives for as many Corps students as possible.[34] Among the coaches are professors, executive employees and chief executive officers, exclusive from the corps student ranks.[33] Also the executive committee is composed of members of the corps.

Weinheim Seminars[edit]

AWS e.V.

The seminars of the AWS e.V. (Academy Weinheim Seminars) is an essential element of the agenda of the Weinheimer Senioren Convent. The Academy Weinheim Seminars e.V. is a registered club. It offers seminars in the topics Assessment centre, management, rhetoric, Neuro-linguistic programming, negotiation, etiquette, organization and group theory.[35]

In 1970/71 when the Corps Franconia was the executive Corps ("Vorort") within the Weinheimer Senioren Convent, it founded the "Kuratorium Weinheim Seminar",[15] the predecessor of today's AWS e.V.[36]

Jugend Aktiv[edit]

Jugend Aktiv central Germany

In 2000, the corps member Götz Junkers-Lommatzsch founded the club "Jugend Aktiv e.V." in Hamburg. With its coaching and training program, especially very talented young professionals get supported. Throughout Germany, more than 2000 pupils got sponsored until 2011. The coaching program comprises seminars in the topics personal development, networking, logistics and individual mentorship by personnel consultants.

Important partners of Jugend Aktiv are the Handelshochschule Leipzig, the Technische Universität Braunschweig as well as the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung. The program stands in coordination with the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and the ministries of education from several federal states.[37] Today, the founder is honorary member both of the corps and the club.[38] When he received for the Wachenburg-Medaille (the highest award from the WVAC) the magazine "Corps" reported:[39]

Götz Junkers-Lommatzsch made an outstanding contribution about the WSC. On his initiative and with his decisive support the Jugend Aktiv e.V. was founded. The "club for the support of initiative and responsibility" appeals pupils from higher grades. This opens new ways to high schools and ministries of education (transl.).

— magazine "Corps" 3/2004

Friends for peace[edit]

In 2012 the Corps Franconia officially supported the club Freunde für Frieden - friends for peace.[40] In addition to financial assistance, the corps supported the club also by providing premises and the active support from several corps members. Beyond that and with other partners, the corps participated in the 6th Darmstädter Lichterzug, a symbol against racism and hostility to strangers.

Opel[edit]

Opel room

Unique among other corps is the close historical contact to industrial dynasty Opel. Wilhelm, Hans and Carl von Opel were active members of the corps. The Opels engaged in the Great Depression for the corps house. The house is decorated with pictures of Hans von Opel and Wilhelm von Opel. One room is still named after the opels.

Notable Members[edit]

Recipients of the Klinggraeff-Medal (Klinggräff-Medaille)[edit]

The Klinggraeff-Medal is awarded for the combination of extraordinary accomplishments in academia, involvement for the fraternity and proven leadership on local and, preferentially, national level.[1][42] The award indirectly reflects back at the fraternity, showing leaders in their field among the fraternity's brothers.[42] The medal is rewarded with EUR 4.000. For more information see Klinggräff-Medaille at the Association of German Student Corps Alumni.

Recipients of the Klinggraeff-Medal for the Corps Franconia are:[43]

  • Harald Frank (1994)
  • Christian Eickhorn (1998)
  • Alexander Megej (2002)
  • Nicolas Gatzke (2010)
  • Fabian von Blücher (2019)

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Technische Hochschule Darmstadt (Hrsg.): Hochschulführer Darmstadt, Darmstadt 1922, S. 92
  • E. H. Eberhard: Handbuch des studentischen Verbindungswesens. Leipzig, 1924/25, S. 131.
  • Hans Schüler: Weinheimer S.C.-Chronik, Darmstadt 1927, S. 401-432.
  • Michael Doeberl u. a. (Hrsg.): Das akademische Deutschland, Band 2: Die deutschen Hochschulen und ihre akademischen Bürger, Berlin 1931, S. 724.
  • Dr. Peter Heß: Geschichte des Corps Franconia zu Darmstadt. Mainz 1998. http://d-nb.info/997404396
  • Manfred Studier: Der Corpsstudent als Idealbild der Wilhelminischen Ära - Untersuchungen zum Zeitgeist 1888 bis 1914, Abhandlungen zum Studenten- und Hochschulwesen, Band 3, Schernfeld 1990, ISBN 3-923621-68-X
  • Paulgerhard Gladen (2007), Die Kösener und Weinheimer Corps: Ihre Darstellung in Einzelchroniken (in German) (1st ed.), Hilden: WJK-Verlag, pp. 219–220, ISBN 978-3-933892-24-9
  • Paulgerhard Gladen (2007), Geschichte der studentischen Korporationsverbände (in German), Vol. 1 (2nd, überarbeitete und erweiterte, ed.), Hilden: WJK-Verlag, p. 49, ISBN 978-3-933892-28-7
  • Frederic Beier: Korporiert!, Entstanden im Sommersemester 2005 an der Fachhochschule Darmstadt im Entwurfskurs unter der Betreuung von Herrn Prof. Christian K. Pfestorf und Frau Wiebke Schwarzpaul. S. 16f. [1]
  • Stephan Peters (Hrsg.): Intellektuelle Tiefgarage. Auf den Spuren studentischer Korporationen in der Wissenschaftsstadt Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Juni 2005, S. 84f., ISBN 3-9807550-1-0 [2]
  • Becker, G. et al. (zsgest. & hrsg. von Vorstand des Weinheimer Verbandes Alter Corpsstudenten in Zsarb. mit der Historischen Kommission des WVAC): 100 Jahre Weinheimer Senioren-Convent. Festschrift zum 100jährigen Bestehen des Weinheimer Senioren-Convents. Laupenmüller & Dierichs, Bochum 1963.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Die Corps. "Was sind die Corps? - Who are the Corps?" http://www.die-corps.de/interessenten.0.html Retrieved on Oct. 7, 2013.
  2. ^ Klimczuk, Stephen & Warner, Gerald. "Secret Places, Hidden Sanctuaries: Uncovering Mysterious Sites, Symbols, and Societies". Sterling Publishing, 2009, New York and London. ISBN 978-1-4027-6207-9. pp. 212–232 ("University Secret Societies and Dueling Corps").
  3. ^ Carlton Reid (2015-04-09), Roads Were Not Built for Cars, Island Press, ISBN 978-1610916899
  4. ^ Mannheimer Morgen (in German), Dr. Haas GmbH, 1997-11-11, p. 11
  5. ^ Günther Riedel (1998), "Die Familien Opel - Sachs und unser Corps", Das Frankenblatt - Corpszeitung des Corps Franconia zu Darmstadt (in German) (01), p. 4
  6. ^ a b c d Dr. Peter Heß (1998), Geschichte des Corps Franconia zu Darmstadt (in German), Mainz, pp. 651, 16., 29 ff., 538, 31
  7. ^ Echo Zeitungen GmbH, Für junge Kerle und alte Herren (in German), retrieved 2016-12-31
  8. ^ Günther Grosch (2 August 2016), "Nadelstiche und bayerische Watschn auf der Wachenburg", Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung (in German), 177, p. 4
  9. ^ Philipp Weber, Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung (2017-05-26), Tagung auf der Wachenburg - 2000 Corpsangehörige strömen nach Weinheim. (in German)
  10. ^ Tau Kappa Epsilon Fraternity. "The TEKE - The Magazine of Tau Kappa Epsilon Summer 2003" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  11. ^ Weinheimer Verband Alter Corpsstudenten e.V. (1963), 100 Jahre Weinheimer Senioren-Convent (in German), Bochum, p. 143
  12. ^ Paulgerhard Gladen (1981), Geschichte der studentischen Korporationsverbände (in German), 1, Würzburg: Ulrich Becker Verlag, p. 54
  13. ^ a b c Hans Schüler (1927), Weinheimer S.C. Chronik (in German), Darmstadt: Verlag der WSC-Nachrichten, pp. 422, 23, 104, 419, 428
  14. ^ Paulgerhard Gladen (1981), Geschichte der studentischen Korporationsverbände (in German), 1, Würzburg: Ulrich Becker Verlag, p. 52/53
  15. ^ a b c "110 Jahre Corps Franconia in Schlagzeilen", Das Frankenblatt - Zeitung des Coprs Franconia zu Darmstadt (in German), p. 7, April 1999
  16. ^ Protokoll des VADAF e.V. - Bericht des Kassenwartes (in German), 20 April 1929
  17. ^ Brief von Hans Walter Lotterhos an Herrn Willi Cornelius vom 11. Juni 1985
  18. ^ Brief von Klaus Mahn an Herrn Hans-Walter Lotterhos vom 15. Dezember 1984
  19. ^ a b Protokoll des VADAF e.V. - Bericht des Kassenwartes (in German), 1 April 1927
  20. ^ Blatt II zum Brief an Regierungsbaumeister Dr. Georg Spiess, 11. Mai 1939
  21. ^ Blatt 2 des Briefes von Dr. Georg Spiess an Herrn Geh. Kommerzienrat Dr. Wilhelm von Opel vom 19.1.1936
  22. ^ Holger Zinn: Hochschulpolitik am Ende der Weimarer Republik: Der NSDStB Marburg, sein Aufstieg und seine Bedeutung im hochschulpolitischen Spektrum bis 1933, in: Einst und Jetzt. Jahrbuch des Vereins für corpsstudentische Geschichtsforschung, Band 50 (2009), S. 325–384.
  23. ^ a b Rundschreiben vom 15. Januar 1936 von Wilhelm Bachmayer. In: Geschichte des Corps Franconia zu Darmstadt. Mainz 1998. S. 207f.
  24. ^ Darmstädter Echo (1999-06-07), Opel-Gründer gehörte zum Radfahrerverein – Ereignisreiche Geschichte des 110 Jahre alten Corps Franconia (in German), Darmstadt
  25. ^ Darmstädter Echo (1979-06-18), 90. Stiftungsfest des Corps Franconia - Prof. Dr. Brandt überbringt Glückwünsche der Universität (in German), Darmstadt
  26. ^ Darmstädter Echo (1989-05-29), Keine radikalen Biervernichter - das Corps Franconia feiert sein 100. Stiftungsfest. (in German), Darmstadt
  27. ^ Echo Zeitungen GmbH, Für junge Kerle und alte Herren (in German), retrieved 2016-12-31
  28. ^ Günther Grosch (2 August 2016), "Nadelstiche und bayerische Watschn auf der Wachenburg", Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung (in German), 177, p. 4
  29. ^ Weinheimer Senioren Convent (2017-06-01), WSCC Buch 7: Beschlüsse des oWSC von grundsätzlicher Bedeutung (in German), Weinheim a.d. Bergstraße, p. 121
  30. ^ Philipp Weber, Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung (2017-05-26), Tagung auf der Wachenburg - 2000 Corpsangehörige strömen nach Weinheim (in German)
  31. ^ The TEKE - The Magazine of Tau Kappa Epsilon Summer 2003. Online, abgerufen 03. Januar 2017
  32. ^ Darmstädter Tagblatt (1929-07-07), Einweihung des neuen Hauses des Korps "Franconia" (in German) (186), pp. 1–2
  33. ^ a b "Der Verein", Der C!rkel e.V. (in German), 2015-10-29, retrieved 2017-08-01
  34. ^ Alexander Hartung (April 2013). "Der VAC ist Gründungsmitglied des C!rkel e.V." (in German). Retrieved 2017-01-25.
  35. ^ Renate Grünberg. "Seminare - Akademie Weinheim Seminar e. V." (in German). Retrieved 2017-01-27.
  36. ^ Peter Brackhahn (2012), "Wilhelm Mohrmann", CORPS (in German), p. 37
  37. ^ Jubiläumsbroschüre von Jugend Aktiv Mitteldeutschland: Wir fördern Zukunft – 10 Jahre Begabtenförderung in Mitteldeutschland. Online, abgerufen am 03. Januar 2017.
  38. ^ Jugend Aktiv Mitteldeutschland (2017). "Geschichte des Vereins" (in German). Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  39. ^ Magazin "Corps": Verleihung der Wachenburg-Medaille an Götz Junkers-Lommatzsch, 10. Oktober 2004, S. 9
  40. ^ Freunde für Frieden e.V. "6. Darmstädter Lichterzug" (in German). Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  41. ^ "Der neue WVAC-Vorstand", Wachenburg (in German), 30, p. 99, 1982
  42. ^ a b Stifterverien Alter Corpsstudenten e.V. "Die Preisträger der Klinggräff-Medaille" (Recipients of the Klinggraeff-Medal) http://www.stifterverein.org/preistraeger Retrieved on Oct. 7, 2013.
  43. ^ Stifterverein Alter Corpsstudenten e.V. (2017). "Die Preisträger der Friedrich-von-Klinggräff-Medaille" (in German). Retrieved 2017-07-31.