Corps of Canadian Voyageurs
|Corps of Canadian Voyageurs
Provincial Commissariat Voyageurs
|Branch||British Army (1812-1813)
British Commissariat Department (1813-1815)
|Engagements||War of 1812|
The Corps of Canadian Voyageurs was raised in September 1812, by the British Army, as a military water transportation corps. Its mission was to maintain the supply lines, between Montreal and the western posts. The corps was disbanded in March 1813, and its mission was taken over, by the Canadian branch, of the British Commissariat Department, a department of HM Treasury, as the Provincial Commissariat Voyageurs. This corps was disbanded in March, 1815.
The Corps of Voyageurs was organized on the initiative of the North West Company, and its bourgeois and engagés became the officers and men of the corps. The Provincial Commissariat Voyageurs had one lieutenant-colonel, one major, one captain, ten lieutenants, ten conductors (sergeants acting as guides), and about 400 private men.
The army wanted to put the corps into uniform, but that was impractical due to its duties. Instead of a uniform the men of the corps wore the dress of the ordinary civilian voyageurs.
The Corps was known for its lack of discipline, at least, in comparison, with the iron discipline, required by the British Army. However, it fulfilled an absolutely essential function, in the "wilderness war".
- Canadian Military History Gateway, "Voyageurs" Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Andrew Hind, The Canadian Corps of Voyageurs Retrieved August 8, 2011
- Robert Malcomson, "Batteauх in the British Service during the War of 1812", Northern Mariner 13(2003)4:17-28 Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Battle Honours of the Canadian Army Retrieved April 10, 2013.