Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard

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Corps of the Port Captaincies
Coast Guard
Guardia Costiera.svg
Racing stripe of the Italian Coast Guard
Active 1865 – Present
Country Italy
Branch Italian Navy
Type coast guard
Size 11,000
Headquarters Roma, viale dell'Arte, 16
Patron Saint Barbara
Motto(s) Latin: Omnia vincit animus
Anniversaries July 20 – foundation day
Website http://www.guardiacostiera.gov.it
Commanders
Current
commander
ammiraglio ispettore capo
Vincenzo Melone[1]
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Italy.svg
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Italy.svg-Naval Jack of Italy (verso).svg
Italian Navy
coat of arms
Coat of arms of Marina Militare.svg
Italian SAR area and MRSC areas

The Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard (Italian language: Corpo delle Capitanerie di porto – Guardia costiera) is the coast guard of Italy and is part of the Italian Navy under the control of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport. Its head office is in Rome.[2]

Missions[edit]

The missions of the Italian Coast Guard include:

History[edit]

The Italian Coast Guard is the operational SAR branch of the Corpo delle Capitanerie di Porto or Corps of the Port Captaincies, which was organized first by royal decree in 1865. It was reorganized as part of the Regia Marina in 1915 (since 1946 as Marina Militare) and on June 8, 1989, redesignated as Guardia costiera.

Structure and organization[edit]

Structure[edit]

The Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard is structured as follows:

  • 1 MARICOGECAP – Port Captaincies General Headquarters – Comando generale, which functions of Italian Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre (IMRCC)
  • 15 DIREZIOMARE – Maritime Directorates – Direzioni marittime, which are at the head of as many Maritime Rescue Sub-Centre Commands (MRSC)
  • 55 COMPAMARE – Maritime Departments / Port Captaincies – Compartimenti marittimi / Capitanerie di porto
  • 51 CIRCOMARE – Maritime District Offices – Uffici circondariali marittimi
  • 126 LOCAMARE – Local Maritime Offices – Uffici locali marittimi
  • 61 DELEMARE – Maritime Delegations or Beach Delegations – Delegazioni marittime or Delegazioni di spiaggia

Moreover, the following services are also part of the Corps:

Dattilo-class patrol boat

Tasks[edit]

The Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard is a Corps of the Italian Navy that has tasks and functions connected mostly to the civil use of the sea and with functional dependence of various ministries that avail themselves on their work: first of all the Ministero dei trasporti (Ministry for Transports) which has "inherited" in 1994, from the Ministry of the Merchant Navy, the major part of the functions connected to the use of the sea and the connected activities with the commercial and pleasure navigation an on whose budget weighs the costs for the running of the corps.

The principal tasks of the Corps activities are the following:

  • Search and rescue at sea (SAR) with the entire organization of co-ordination, control, detection and communications active for 24 hours a day requested by this activity;
  • Safety of navigation, with systematic investigative controls on the entire national mercantile, fishing and pleasure shipping, through the activity of Port State Control, also on the foreign mercantile shipping that calling at the national ports;
  • Protection of the marine environment, with functional dependence of the Ministero dell'ambiente e della tutela del territorio (Ministry for the Environment), using for this aim also resources (operations' centers, aeronaval crafts, naval traffic control systems) already used for tasks of rescue, safety of navigation, and maritime police;
  • Control on maritime fishery, with functional dependence on the Ministero per le politiche argicole e forestali (Ministry of Agriculture): at this end the general command is the responsible authority of the National Fishing Control Center and the Captancies carry out the controls prescribed by the national and community norms on the entire fishing fleet;
  • Peripheral administration of State functions in the matters of formation of the maritime personnel, of registration of the mercantile and fishing shipping, of pleasure shipping, and of the contentious for those maritime crimes that have been de-penalized;
  • Maritime police (namely technical-administrative maritime police), including the discipline of maritime navigation and the regulation of the events that are carried out in the maritime areas that fall under the national sovereignty, the control of the maritime traffic, the manoeuvre of the ships and the safety in the ports, inquiries on the maritime accidents, the control on the maritime State property, the testing and periodic inspections of coastal deposits and other hazardous installations.

Other functions are carried out for the Ministries of defence (enrollment of the military personnel), for Cultural Activities and Treasures (underwater archaeology), of internal affairs (anti-illegal immigration), of Justice and the department of civil protection, all having as a common denominator the sea and navigation. The broadness and the variety of activities carried out present the Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard as an organism of reference for the maritime activities and make of them a true "sole counter" for the relations with the seafarers. The Corps is represented in a highly specialized structure, as well under the administrative profile as under the technical-operational one, for the completing of the Public functions that are carried out in the maritime spaces of national interest. These spaces include 155 000 km² of maritime waters, internal and territorial, which are in every respect part of the national territory, and other 350 000 km² of waters on which Italy has exclusive rights (exploitation of the depths resources) or duties (rescue in sea and safeguard of the marine environment): a number of marine areas whose extension is almost the double of the entire national territory, which as it is known amounts to 301 000 km². Following the tendency that is affirming itself in Europe, the maritime authority – coast guard must exercise an effective control in sea for the safeguard of human life, for the safety of navigation, for the correct going on of the economic activities (fishing and exploitation of the continental platform) and for the protection of the marine environment.

The Italian Marine Casualty Investigation Central Board (MCICB Commissione centrale di indagine sui sinistri marittimi, CCISM),[3][4] a division of the Corps, investigates maritime accidents and incidents.[5] It is not an independent maritime accident investigation unit.[3]

Insignia[edit]

Like related coast guards around the world, the Guardia Costiera uses "The Stripe" on its vessels. This marking is in the national colors, with a narrow green band, a narrow white spacing, and a broad red band. Inside the red band is a white circle with a black anchor.

Rank insignia[edit]

Flag Officers
Rank insignia of ammiraglio ispettore comandante of the Italian Coast Guard.svg
Ammiraglio ispettore (CP)
Commandant of the Italian Coast Guard
Rank insignia of ammiraglio di divisione of the Italian Navy.svg
Ammiraglio ispettore
Rank insignia of contrammiraglio of the Italian Navy.svg
Contrammiraglio (CP)
 
Senior Officers
Rank insignia of capitano di vascello of the Italian Coast Guard.svg
Capitano di vascello (CP)
Rank insignia of capitano di fregata of the Italian Coast Guard.svg
Capitano di fregata (CP)
Rank insignia of capitano di corvetta of the Italian Coast Guard.svg
Capitano di corvetta (CP)
Junior Officers
Rank insignia of primo tenente di vascello of the Italian Coast Guard.svg
Primo tenente di vascello (CP)
Rank insignia of tenente di vascello of the Italian Coast Guard.svg
Tenente di vascello (CP)
Rank insignia of sottotenente di vascello of the Italian Coast Guard.svg
Sottotenente di vascello (CP)
Rank insignia of guardiamarina of the Italian Coast Guard.svg
Guardiamarina (CP)
Rank insignia of aspirante guardiamarina of the Italian Coast Guard.svg
Aspirante guardiamarina (CP)
Warrant Officers
Rank insignia of primo maresciallo luogotenente of the Italian Navy.svg
Primo maresciallo luogotenente Np.
Rank insignia of primo maresciallo of the Italian Navy.svg
Primo maresciallo Np.
Rank insignia of capo di prima classe of the Italian Navy.svg
Capo di prima classe Np.
Rank insignia of capo di seconda classe of the Italian Navy.svg
Capo di seconda classe Np.
Rank insignia of capo di terza classe of the Italian Navy.svg
Capo di terza classe Np.
Chief Petty Officers
Rank insignia of secondo capo scelto of the Italian Navy.svg
Secondo capo scelto Np.
Rank insignia of secondo capo of the Italian Navy.svg
Secondo capo Np.
Rank insignia of sergente of the Italian Navy.svg
Sergente Np.
Petty Officers
Rank insignia of sottocapo di prima classe scelto of the Italian Navy.svg
Sottocapo di prima classe scelto Np.
Rank insignia of sottocapo di prima classe of the Italian Navy.svg
Sottocapo di prima classe Np.
Rank insignia of sottocapo di seconda classe of the Italian Navy.svg
Sottocapo di seconda classe Np.
Rank insignia of sottocapo di terza classe of the Italian Navy.svg
Sottocapo di terza classe Np.
Seamen
Rank insignia of sottocapo of the Italian Navy.svg
Sottocapo Np.
Rank insignia of comune di prima classe of the Italian Navy.svg
Comune di prima classe Np.
no rank insignia
Comune di seconda classe Np.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.guardiacostiera.gov.it/organizzazione/Pages/comando-generale.aspx%7Ccommander1_label= comandante generale
  2. ^ "Contatti.guardiacostiera.it." Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard. Retrieved on 16 February 2012. "Viale dell'Arte, 16 00144 Roma"
  3. ^ a b "Italy’s Costa Concordia investigation report still not released." (Alternate location, Archive) Lloyd's List. Friday 11 January 2013. Retrieved on 4 May 2013. "THE Italian Marine Casualty Investigation Central Board, the body charged with the technical investigation into the Costa Concordia casualty, has been roundly criticised for failing to produce a final report within 12 months of the incident. This highlights the difficulty that the..." and "In early 2012 the commission set out the regulatory framework for each European Union member state to create its own independent maritime accident investigation unit. However, Italy did not have such a unit, which left the responsibility in the case of Costa Concordia with the flag state."
  4. ^ "Circolare N. 23 Prot. 00058884/Sic.Nav./Sinistri del 08/08/2001." (Archive) Ministry of Infrastructures and Transports. Retrieved on 4 May 2013. "Comando Generale delle Capitanerie di Porto Commissione centrale di indagine sui sinistri marittimi Viale dell'Arte, 16 – 00144 ROMA"
  5. ^ "Organizzazione." Corps of the Port Captaincies – Coast Guard. Retrieved on January 22, 2012. "Polizia marittima (cioè polizia tecnico-amministrativa marittima), comprendente la disciplina della navigazione marittima e la regolamentazione di eventi che si svolgono negli spazi marittimi soggetti alla sovranità nazionale, il controllo del traffico marittimo, la manovra delle navi e la sicurezza nei porti, le inchieste sui sinistri marittimi, il controllo del demanio marittimo, i collaudi e le ispezioni periodiche di depositi costieri e di altri impianti pericolosi."

External links[edit]