Corrado Giaquinto (8 February 1703 – 18 April 1766) was an Italian Rococo painter.
Early training and move to Rome
He was born in Molfetta. As a boy he apprenticed with a modest local painter Saverio Porta, (c1667–1725), escaping the religious career his parents had intended for him. By October 1724, he left Molfetta, and along with his contemporaries Francesco de Mura (1696–1784) and Giuseppe Bonito (1707–1789), he trained from 1719 to 1723 in the prolific Neapolitan studio of Francesco Solimena, either with Solimena or his pupil, Nicola Maria Rossi.
In 1723, he moved to Rome to work in the studio of Sebastiano Conca. He painted in San Lorenzo in Damaso, San Giovanni Calibita, and the ceiling at Santa Croce in Gerusalemme. In March 1727, with Giuseppe Rossi as an assistant, Giaquinto opened an independent studio near the Ponte Sisto, in the parish of Saint Giovanni of the Malva in Rome. In 1734, he married Caterina Silvestri Agate.
In 1731, he received a prestigious commission, to execute frescoes in the church of San Nicola dei Lorenesi: Saint Nicholas water gush from cliff, three theologic and cardinal Virtues, and in the cupola Paradise. The latest restoration confirms Giaquinto's stylistic independence from Solimena, and reveals his stylistic dependence on Luca Giordano.
In 1733, the architect and artistic director for the House of Savoy, Filippo Juvarra, invited Giaquinto to come to Turin, where he painted an altarpiece of Saint John Nepomuk. He then decorated the ceiling of a Villa della Regina with a Triumph of the House of Savoy, Death of Adonis and Apollo & Daphne, and Story of Aenid. Giaquinto returned briefly to Rome in 1735, where his wife died soon after childbirth. He then returned for the next three years, to complete frescoes for the chapel of St Joseph in the church of Santa Teresa in Turin; they depict events in the life and death of Saint Joseph, including his Assumption and Rest in Egypt.
In 1738 Giaquinto returned to Rome, and during the next year he executed in fresco an Assumption of the Virgin for the church of Rocca di Papa, a commission for a relative of Pope Alexander VIII Ottoboni.
In 1740, Giaquinto became a member of the Academy of Saint Luke and donated his sketch of Immaculate Conception with Elias the prophet for the Turinese church of the Carmine, a canvas commissioned by marquis Giuseppe Turinetti di Priero, which finally reached Turin in 1741. A report of 1742 states that Pope Benedict XIV "was taken to the church of San Giovanni Calabita ... where he observed with much pleasure the restoration of that Church embellished with altarpieces from the Painter Signor Corrado Napolitano".
In Madrid, he was patronized by Ferdinand VI, and was ultimately appointed director of the Academy of San Fernando. His influence there was felt by painters such as Antonio González Velázquez, José del Castillo, Mariano Salvador Maella, and Francisco Goya.
Adoration of the Magi, 1725, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Christ at the column, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
Satan before the Lord, 1750, Vatican Museums
St. Michael and the devil, 1735, Vatican Museums
The Virgin presents Saint Helena and Constantine to the Trinity, 1741-42, Saint Louis Art Museum
Rest on the flight to Egypt, 1764-65, Detroit Institute of Arts
Allegory of fortress and vigilance, Royal Palace of Caserta
Allegory of Painting, Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest)
The Angel Annunciant, Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest)
The Birth of the Sun and the Triumph of Bacchus, 1762-1763, fresco, Royal Palace of Madrid
The Spanish monarchy that pays homage to Religion, Giaquinto's fresco above the staircase Royal Palace of Madrid
St. Nicholas saves the castaways, 1746, Pinacoteca metropolitana di Bari
Ulysses and Diomedes in the Resus tent, Pinacoteca metropolitana di Bari
- De Dominici, Bernardo (1846). Vite dei Pittori, Scultori, ed Architetti Napoletani, Tomo Quarto (Volume 4). Naples: Dalla Tipografia Trani. p. 625.
- The Triumph of the House of Savoy was destroyed during World War II
- Saggio sulla storia di Molfetta dall'epoca dell'antica Respa sino al 1840, Parte Seconda; by Michele Romano, Naples 1842; page 12.
- Real Academia de BBAA de San Fernando. "Giaquinto, Corrado - Alegoría de la Paz y la Justicia". Academia Colecciones (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2021-05-02. Retrieved May 2, 2021.
- Wittkower, Rudolf (1993). "14". Pelican History of Art, Art and Architecture Italy, 1600–1750. 1980. Penguin Books Ltd. p. 465.
- Urrea, Jesús (1977). La pintura italiana del siglo XVIII en España. Universidad de Valladolid.
- Italian Wikipedia entry