Correa (plant)

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Correa
Fleur de Correa reflexa.jpg
Correa reflexa, growing wild at Abercrombie Caves, NSW, Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Rutoideae
Genus: Correa
Andrews
Species

See text.

Correa is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rutaceae, with bell-shaped flowers, native mainly to eastern Australia. There are ca. 11 species in the genus and 26 subspecies. Natural hybridisation between the species makes taxonomic relationships within this genus problematic. There are also hundreds of named cultivars, many of which have been registered with the Australian Cultivar Registration Authority (ACRA).

The genus Correa is named after the Portuguese botanist José Correia da Serra (1750–1823), known as Abbé Correa.[1]

Species[edit]

The species are as follows:[2]

  • Correa aemula (Lindl.) F.Muell. - hairy correa
  • Correa alba Andrews - white correa
    • C. alba Andrews var. alba
    • C. alba var. pannosa Paul G.Wilson - velvet white correa
    • C. alba Andrews var. rotundifolia DC - Dunally correa
  • Correa backhouseana Hook.
    • C. backhouseana Hook. var. backhouseana - coast correa, velvet correa
    • C. backhouseana var. coriacea (Paul G.Wilson) Paul G.Wilson
    • C. backhouseana var. orbicularis Paul G.Wilson - Kangaroo Island round-leaf correa
  • Correa baeuerlenii F.Muell. - chef's hat correa
  • Correa calycina J.M.Black - South Australian green correa
    • Correa calycina J.M.Black var. calycina - Hindmarsh correa
    • Correa calycina var. halmaturorum Paul G.Wilson - De Mole River correa
  • Correa decumbens F.Muell. - spreading correa
  • Correa eburnea Paul G.Wilson - Deep Creek correa
  • Correa glabra Lindl. - rock correa
    • C. glabra Lindl. var. glabra
    • C. glabra var. leucoclada (Lindl.) Paul G.Wilson
    • C. glabra var. turnbullii (Ashby) Paul G.Wilson - narrow-bell correa
  • Correa lawrenceana Hook. - mountain correa
    • C. lawrenceana var. cordifolia Paul G.Wilson - pink mountain correa.
    • C. lawrenceana var. genoensis Paul G.Wilson - Genoa River correa.
    • C. lawrenceana var. glandulifera Paul G.Wilson
    • C. lawrenceana var. grampiana Paul G.Wilson - Grampians mountain correa
    • C. lawrenciana. var. latrobeana (F.Muell. ex Hannaford) Paul G.Wilson
    • C. lawrenceana Hook. var. lawrenceana.
    • C. lawrenceana var. macrocalyx (Blakely) Paul G.Wilson
    • C. lawrenceana var. rosea Paul G.Wilson - red mountain correa
  • Correa pulchella Sweet - salmon correa
  • Correa reflexa (Labill.) Vent. - common correa, native fuchsia

Cultivation[edit]

Many Correa hybrids are grown in Australian gardens. They are generally easy to grow. Correa alba and C. glabra varieties are the hardiest withstanding heavy frost and severe droughts. They can be grown in either full sun or a partly shaded spot in the garden. Correa glabra varieties have fragrant leaves. Correa lawrenceana is the largest of the correas. These need to be grown in the shade and do best in an understorey habitat. They are highly attractive to birds for both nectar and nest sites and are ideally planted in a thicket. Correa pulchella varieties produce the most beautiful coloured bells ranging from pale pink to deep orange to carmine. They need to be grown in part shade and watered regularly. Correa reflexa varieties range in colour from green to deep red. They also need to be grown in a partly shaded position and watered regularly. Some Correa species, such as C. eburnea and C. calycina are endangered and difficult to obtain in the nursery trade.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1911 edition of Encyclopædia Britannica.
  2. ^ "Correa". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 

[1]

  1. ^ Correas: Australian Plants for Waterwise Gardens Maria Hitchcock Rosenberg 2010