Correos

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Sociedad Estatal Correos y Telégrafos, S.A.
Correos
State-owned public company
IndustryPostal services, courier
PredecessorEntidad Pública Empresarial Correos y Telégrafos
Founded1716; 303 years ago (1716)[1]
Headquarters,
ServicesLetter post, parcel service, EMS, delivery, freight forwarding, third-party logistics
OwnerSpanish Government
Number of employees
51.027 (2017)[2]
ParentSEPI
Websitewww.correos.es

Sociedad Estatal de Correos y Telégrafos, S.A., trading as Correos, is the national postal service of Spain, as recognized by the Universal Postal Union. The company is 100% state owned, through the State Industrial Holding Company (SEPI). With 51,000 employees and 5.4 billion pieces of mail sent each year, Correos is one of the largest postal services in the world. Based in Madrid, it has over 10,000 postal centres all over Spain.

History[edit]

Correos headquarters (Madrid)

One of the great developments in postal history during the nineteenth century was the invention of the postage stamp for the payment of shipments. The first stamps were issued in the United Kingdom, but many countries began soon after. In Spain, the first stamps was implemented on 1 January 1850, with face values ranging from 6 quarters for simple letters to 10 real for heavier certificates and international items. All stamps featured an image of the monarch.[3] The last step for the final reorganization of mail came in 1889 with the creation of the Body of Postal Workers, organized as a pyramid structure.

Coinciding with the reforms of the mid-nineteenth century liberal governments launched the telegraph service. Following the French example, Spain had developed a line drawing of optical telegraphy between 1844 and 1855, for the exclusive use of the State. From that date, was developing the electrotelegráfica network that joined in 1863 and all provincial capitals with Madrid. At the end of the century the number of telegraph offices open to the public amounted to fifteen hundred. This new system revolutionized the world of communications, reducing the time the message took to arrive to a few minutes.

Typical format of Correos pillar boxes, found all over Spain

Progress throughout the nineteenth century was consolidated during the 20th century with new technologies, new transportation, new services and a strong vocation of public utility caused the widespread use of email. The advent of the automobile and the airplane subsequently changed structures and accelerated postal delivery of correspondence and in 1899 the first post-road driving in the province of Navarra opened, and seven years later the central government in Madrid had already vehicle 16 for transporting the mail. In 1919 was created by decree in Spain the airmail service, which a year later created the first Spanish Airmail lines joining Barcelona Alicante and Málaga, Seville Larache, Barcelona and Palma de Mallorca Malaga Melilla. However, the railway remained the principal means of carrying letters and packages throughout the peninsula until 1993 when the train service gave way to transport by road of the model.

In parallel, Correos has been modernized through an ongoing process to provide new services throughout the century to citizens, such as express mail (1905), the Postal Savings Bank, on delivery reimbursement and Parcel Post (1916), the Postal Express (1981).

See also[edit]

Postal Union of the Americas, Spain and Portugal

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sociedad Estatal" (in Spanish). correos.es.
  2. ^ "Correos celebra su 300º aniversario con pérdidas récord y un recorte de 9.652 empleados en cinco años". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  3. ^ "Spain's first stamp: A classic that attracts specialists with modest budgets". Linn's Stamp News. Retrieved 2018-07-23.

External links[edit]