Corridor (Via Rail)

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The Corridor
VIA Rail Belleville 0002.jpg
A Via Rail train approaching Belleville Station
Overview
Type Inter-city rail
System Via Rail
Locale Quebec City–Windsor Corridor
Termini Windsor Station
Quebec City Station
Operation
Opened 1856
Owner Canadian National
Via Rail
Metrolinx
Canadian Pacific
Operator(s) Via Rail
Technical
Number of tracks 2+
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Operating speed Up to 100 mph (160 km/h)
Route map
Map of the Corridor

The Corridor is a Via Rail passenger train service area in the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario.

Corridor is used by Via to refer to all Via inter-city passenger trains which start and end within the geographic region known as the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor. Other inter-city trains from outside the Corridor may have their terminus at stations in the Corridor, such as the Canadian and the Ocean, but are marketed by their respective train names and are not considered to be Corridor services.

The Corridor service area has the heaviest passenger train frequency in Canada, with 36 Via trains traversing the route daily.[1] About 67% of Via's revenue comes from Corridor routes.

Via runs a mix of local-service and express trains in the Corridor. Most of the trackage is owned by CN, although Via also owns three former freight lines, one from Smiths Falls, Ontario to Coteau-du-Lac, Quebec via Ottawa; one from Chatham, Ontario to Tecumseh, Ontario; and one from Smiths Falls to Brockville, Ontario.[2][3]

Prior to Via's formation in 1978, CN Rail operated trains on the same tracks and CP Rail also offered limited service.

All trains are identified by number; however, in previous schedules these trains were named as well.

High speed proposal[edit]

During the 1970s and early 1980s, CN and later Via Rail operated the Turbo Train on existing freight rail trackage. This equipment was later replaced by the Bombardier LRC (Light, Rapid, Comfortable) train sets. Beginning in the 1980s and through the 1990s, Via Rail, Bombardier and the provincial and federal governments studied the feasibility of establishing a dedicated high-speed passenger rail network linking Quebec City–Montreal–Ottawa–Toronto–Windsor similar to the French TGV as a means of reducing domestic air and highway travel between these destinations.

After a hiatus of ten years, a feasibility study on launching a high-speed rail service in the Corridor will be updated at the joint cost of the federal government, Ontario and Quebec.[4] On November 14, 2011, the three governments have officially released the final report of a high-speed rail study for this corridor.[5]

On December 5, 2014, the MTO approved the start of an Environmental Assessment on the best route for a high speed rail connecting Toronto, Kitchener-Waterloo, London, and Windsor for 2015.[6]

Improvements to Corridor[edit]

In 2009–2010, Via used C$300 million of government stimulus money to upgrade segments of the Corridor. Notable track improvements planned were an additional 70 km (43 mi) of third main track in four segments, and a short segment of fourth main track, as well as additional yard tracks at three locations. Improvements were made to several stations along the line, with new station buildings being constructed at Belleville and Cobourg, and additional platforms for existing stations at Brockville and Oshawa. The improvements were planned to reduce delays along the route and to allow for a reduction in travel time of up to 30 minutes from end to end. They were intended to allow Via to introduce two new round-trip trains from Toronto to both Montreal and Ottawa without requiring the acquisition of new equipment.[1]

Primary inter-city Corridor routes[edit]

VIA routes in “The Corridor”
km
0 Windsor
000 Sarnia
069 Chatham
124 Glencoe
0 Sarnia
22 Wyoming
63 Strathroy
174
95
London
205 Ingersoll
219 Woodstock
262 Brantford
130 St. Marys
147 Stratford
189 Kitchener
211 Guelph
240 Georgetown Kitchener line GO logo.png
256 Brampton Kitchener line GO logo.png
290
end
end
74
44 Grimsby
19 St. Catharines Lakeshore West logo.png
1 Niagara Falls Lakeshore West logo.png
0 Niagara River
Maple Leaf
to New York City
Amtrak
303 Aldershot Lakeshore West logo.png
325 Oakville Lakeshore West logo.png
359
0
Toronto GO Transit logo.svg BSicon SUBWAY.svg UP Express logo.svg
21 Guildwood Lakeshore East line GO logo.png
51 Oshawa Lakeshore East line GO logo.png
101 Port Hope
113 Cobourg
163 Trenton Junction
182 Belleville
217 Napanee
254 Kingston
290 Gananoque
335 Brockville
380 Smiths Falls
428 Cornwall
430 Fallowfield OCT
446 Ottawa OCT
493 Casselman
533 Alexandria
Ontario
Quebec
border
476 Coteau
Ottawa River West Channel
Ottawa River East Channel
520 Dorval AMT Vaudreuil–Hudson icon.png
539 Montreal AMTnewlogo simplified.svg Montreal Metro.svg
545 Saint-Lambert AMT Mont-Saint-Hilaire icon.png
Richelieu River
592 Saint-Hyacinthe
639 Drummondville
785 Charny
Saint Lawrence River
790 Sainte-Foy
811 Quebec City
  • Montreal–Ottawa (6 per weekday, 3 per Saturday, 4 per Sunday)
  • Montreal–Quebec City (5 per weekday, 3 Saturday/Sunday)
  • Toronto–Montreal via Cornwall (6 per weekday, 5 per Saturday, 5 per Sunday)[7]
  • Toronto–Montreal via Ottawa (2 per weekday, 2 per Saturday, 1 per Sunday)
  • Toronto–Ottawa via Kingston (8 per weekday, 5 per Saturday, 6 per Sunday)
  • Toronto–Sarnia via Georgetown and London (1 per day)
  • Toronto–London via Georgetown (2 per day including Sarnia trains)
  • Toronto–Windsor via Brantford and London (4 westbound Sunday–Friday, 3 on Saturday, 4 eastbound Monday–Saturday, 3 on Sunday)
  • Toronto–London via Brantford (5 per weekday, 4 Saturday/Sunday including Windsor trains)[8]

The Maple Leaf, a through service from Toronto to New York City, operated jointly with Amtrak, is crewed by Via as trains 97 and 98 on VIA schedules, between Toronto and Niagara Falls, and can be considered part of Corridor services as well. It is the only scheduled rail service from the Corridor line at Burlington to Niagara Falls.

Commuter rail[edit]

A GO Transit train on the main line west of Toronto

Two commuter rail agencies, provincially funded and independent of Via, share tracks with Via's Corridor trains.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]