Corriere della Sera
Front page on 15 July 2009
|Founded||15 March 1876|
|Circulation||358,617 (December 2013)|
The Corriere della Sera (Italian pronunciation: [korˈrjɛːre ˈdella ˈseːra]; English: Evening Courier) is an Italian daily newspaper published in Milan with an average daily circulation of 358,000 copies in December 2013.
First published on 5 March 1876, Corriere della Sera is one of Italy's oldest newspapers. It reached a circulation of over 1 million under editor and co-owner Luigi Albertini, 1900-1925. He was a strong opponent of Socialism, of clericalism, and of Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti who was willing to compromise with those forces. Albertini's opposition to the Fascist regime forced the other co-owners to oust him 1925.
History and profile
In the 1910s and 1920s, under the direction of Luigi Albertini, Corriere della Sera became the most widely read newspaper in Italy, maintaining its importance and influence into the present century. It was Corriere della Sera which introduced comics in Italy in 1908 through a supplement for children, namely Corriere dei piccoli.
The newspaper's headquarters has been in the same buildings since the beginning of the 20th century, and therefore it is popularly known as "the Via Solferino newspaper" after the street where it is still located. As the name indicates, it was originally an evening paper.
Mario Borsa, a militant anti-fascist, was appointed the editor-in-chief of Corriere della Sera in May 1945. He was fired because of his political leanings in August 1946 and was replaced by Guglielmo Emanuel, a right-wing journalist, in the post. Emanuel served in the post until 1952.
Corriere della Sera was the organ of the conservative establishment in Italy and was strongly anti-communist and pro-NATO in the 1950s. The paper was the mouthpiece of the north Italian industrial bourgeoisie and also, was functional in shaping the views of the Italian upper and middle classes during this period.
The owner of the Corriere della Sera was the Crespi family. In the 1960s the RCS Media acquired a share in Corriere della Sera, listed in the Italian stock exchange. Its main shareholders are Mediobanca, the Fiat group and some of the biggest industrial and financial groups in Italy. In 1974 the RCS Media became the majority owner of the paper.
Alberto Cavallari was the editor-in-chief of the paper during the early 1980s. In 1981 the newspaper was laterally involved in the P2 scandal when it was discovered that the secret Freemason lodge had the newspaper's editor Franco Di Bella and the former owner Angelo Rizzoli on its member lists. In September 1987 the paper launched a weekly magazine supplement, Sette, which is the first in its category in Italy. From 1987 to 1992 the editor-in-chief of Corriere della Sera was Ugo Stille.
The 1988 circulation of Corriere della Sera was 715,000 copies, making it the second most read newspaper in Italy. The paper started its Saturday supplement, IO Donna, in 1996. In 1997 Corriere della Sera was the best-selling Italian newspaper with a circulation of 687,000 copies.
Corriere della Sera had a circulation of 715,000 copies in 2001. In 2002 it fell to 681,000 copies. In 2003, its then editor Ferruccio de Bortoli resigned from the post. The journalists and opposition politicians claimed the resignation was due to the paper's criticism of Silvio Berlusconi.
In 2004, Corriere della Sera launched an online English section focusing on Italian current affairs and culture. The same year it was the best-selling newspaper in Italy with a circulation of 677,542 copies. Its circulation in December 2007 was 662,253 copies.
It is one of the most visited Italian language news websites, attracting over 1.6 million readers everyday. The online version of the paper was the thirteenth most visited website in the country.
Content and sections
The "Third Page" (a one page-survey dedicated to culture) used to feature a main article named Elzeviro (name from the font used at begin for that), which over the years has been signed by all the editors as well as major novelists, poets and journalists. "Corriere Scienza" is the science section of the paper.
Contributors (past and present)
The Italian novelist Dino Buzzati was a journalist at the Corriere della Sera. Other notable contributors include Eugenio Montale, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italo Calvino, Alberto Moravia, Amos Oz, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Giovanni Spadolini, Oriana Fallaci, Alessandra Farkas, Lando Ferretti, Brunella Gasperini, Enzo Biagi, Indro Montanelli, Paolo Brera, Tracy Chevalier and Paolo Mieli.
Columnist & Journalists
- Corriere dei Piccoli, originally a children's supplement of the Corriere della Sera.
- List of non-English newspapers with English language subsections
- Circulation data Accertamenti Diffusione Stampa
- Niek Nelissen, "The Corriere della Sera and the Rise of the Italian Nationalist Association." European History Quarterly (1982) 12#2 pp: 143-165.
- Paul Devendittis, "Luigi Albertini: Conservative Liberalism in Thought and Practice," European History Quarterly (1976) 6#1 pp: 139–146 online
- Lapo Filistrucchi (August 2004). "The Impact of Internet on the Market for Daily Newspapers in Italy" (PDF). European University Institute. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "Communicating Europe: Italy Manual" (PDF). European Stability Initiative. 19 May 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
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- Gino Moliterno, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture (PDF). London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-203-74849-2. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- Luigi Bruti Liberati (2011). "Witch-hunts and Corriere della Sera. A conservative perception of American political values in Cold War Italy: The 1950s". Cold War History 11 (1): 69–83. doi:10.1080/14682745.2011.545599.
- Ruth Ben-Ghiat (2001). Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945 (PDF). Berkeley: University of California Press. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- Henry Kamm (14 March 1983). "Scandals of Italy entangle its flagship newspaper". The New York Times (Milan). Retrieved 25 April 2015.
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- "Sette". Image Diplomacy. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- Alexander Stille (31 July 2007). The Sack of Rome: Media + Money + Celebrity = Power = Silvio Berlusconi. Penguin Group US. p. 308. ISBN 978-1-101-20168-8. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Peter Humphreys (1996). Mass Media and Media Policy in Western Europe. Manchester University Press. p. 90. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "Factsheet". Publicitas. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Jose L. Alvarez; Carmelo Mazza; Jordi Mur (October 1999). "The management publishing industry in Europe" (Occasional Paper No:99/4). University of Navarra. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Adam Smith (15 November 2002). "Europe's Top Newspapers". Campaign. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "European Publishing Monitor. Italy" (PDF). Turku School of Economics and KEA. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- "Ciao, Italia! Corriere della Sera Joins European Network". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
The Milan-based daily, with an average of 1.6 million online readers every day, has been publishing news in English on Italian current affairs and culture online since 2004. Through its new partnership with publications with strong reputations for quality journalism elsewhere in Europe, Corriere della Sera will contribute news and perspectives on Italy and Europe from its English-language " Italian Life" section.
- Gianpietro Mazzoleni; Giulio Vigevani (10 August 2011). "Mapping Digital Media: Italy" (Report). Open Society Foundation. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Italy: new Corriere della Sera - back to the future". Publicitas. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- Eloisa Cianci (September 2003). "Scientific communication in Italy: an epistemological interpretation" (PDF). JCOM 2 (3). Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 104-110
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