Corrieshalloch Gorge

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Corrieshalloch Gorge National Nature Reserve
Scotland Corrieshalloch Gorge Waterfall.jpg
Corrieshalloch Gorge and Falls of Measach
Map showing the location of Corrieshalloch Gorge National Nature Reserve
Map showing the location of Corrieshalloch Gorge National Nature Reserve
LocationUllapool, Scotland
Coordinates57°45′19″N 5°01′13″W / 57.7552°N 5.0204°W / 57.7552; -5.0204Coordinates: 57°45′19″N 5°01′13″W / 57.7552°N 5.0204°W / 57.7552; -5.0204
Area7 ha (17 acres)[1]
DesignationScottish Natural Heritage Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH)
Established1967
OwnerNational Trust for Scotland
Corrieshalloch Gorge National Nature Reserve
Viewing Platform at Corrieshalloch Gorge

Corrieshalloch Gorge (Scottish Gaelic: Coire Shalach, meaning unattractive corrie) is a gorge situated about 20 km south of Ullapool, close to the junction of the A832 and A835 roads near Braemore in the Scottish Highlands. The gorge is approximately 1.5 km long, 60 m deep, and 10 m wide at its lip.[2][3] The Abhainn Droma flows through Corrieshalloch, below which the landscape opens out into a broad, flat-bottomed glacial trough at the head of Loch Broom.[4]

The 46 metre-high Falls of Measach (Gaelic: Easan na Miasaich, meaning waterfalls of the place of platters, with reference to the pot-holes worn by the action of the water[5]) can be viewed from a viewing platform and a Victorian suspension footbridge. The gorge has been owned since 1945 by the National Trust for Scotland who manage it and the surrounding area jointly with Scottish Natural Heritage.[2]

Formation[edit]

Corrieshalloch Gorge is one of the most spectacular gorges in Scotland, and demonstrates how erosion resulting from the rapid melting of glaciers at lead to the formation of deep gorges. The gorge formed at the end of the Quaternary ice age around 10-13,000 years, as the meltwater from ice sheets that covered northern Scotland between 2.6 million and 11,500 years ago exploited existing lines of weakness in the Moine bedrock.[4][2]

Visitor facilities[edit]

A 25 m long footbridge spans the gorge below the falls. The bridge was constructed by Sir John Fowler, who was also one of the designers of the Forth Bridge.[6][7] Access to the footbridge is via a 300-metre-long path from the car park on the South side of the gorge. There is a charge of £2 payable using an honesty box at the start of the path.[citation needed] A viewing platform has been installed which projects out into the gorge.[6]

The bridge was closed to the public in 2010 following the discovery of unacceptable wear and tear, but was reopened in January 2011 after temporary repair work. It was closed again in the winter of 2011/12 for longer term repairs. Shortly before it was due to be reopened in April 2012, consulting engineers discovered cracks in several deck support hangers, and the entire site, including gorge-side paths, was closed until these could be replaced.[citation needed] It fully re-opened in late May 2012 after refurbishment and repairs were completed, however as of 2018 the Trust recommend that no more than 6 people use the bridge at any one time.[8]

Nature and conservation[edit]

The gorge provides a habitat for plants that have largely disappeared from the surrounding areas due to grazing pressures. The dark, humid walls of the gorge support ferns, feather mosses and sanicle; wood millet, a plant otherwise rare in northwest Scotland. Higher up, the more sunlit slopes support trees such as wych elm, birch, sycamore, Norway maple and beech.[6]

The wooded parts of the gorge support a population of the cranefly species Lipsothrix ecucullata, which is nationally rare. The larvae of this species inhabit wet, decayed wood, whilst the mature adults inhabit damp deciduous woodlands.[4]

Corrieshalloch Gorge is a national nature reserve (NNR) and a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).[1][9] The Corrieshalloch Gorge NNR is classified as a Category III protected area by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.[10] It is the smallest of Scotland's 43 NNRs.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Corrieshalloch Gorge NNR". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  2. ^ a b c "Corrieshalloch Gorge". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  3. ^ "6 (North-west Highlands)". Corrieshalloch Gorge (PDF). Extracts from the Geological Conservation Review. 6 (Quaternary of Scotland). Joint Nature Conservation Committee.
  4. ^ a b c "Corrieshalloch Gorge SSSI Citation". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  5. ^ Watson, W. J. (1996 reprint). Place Names of Ross and Cromarty. P252
  6. ^ a b c The National Trust for Scotland Guide. Jonathan Cape Ltd. 1976. pp. 177–179. ISBN 0224012398.
  7. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Corrieshalloch Gorge, Suspension Footbridge (104864)". Canmore.
  8. ^ The National Trust for Scotland Guide, 2018. p. 95
  9. ^ "Corrieshalloch Gorge SSSI". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  10. ^ "Corrieshalloch Gorge in United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". Protected Planet. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  11. ^ "About NNRs". Scotland's National Nature Reserves. Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2019-02-18.