Corruption Perceptions Index

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Map showing countries/territories by Corruption Perceptions Index, 2019
  >80
  70–79
  60–69
  50–59
  40–49
  30–39
  20–29
  10–19
  <10
  Data unavailable

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an index published annually by Transparency International since 1995 which ranks countries "by their perceived levels of public sector[1] corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys."[2] The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit".[3]

The 2019 CPI, published in January of 2020, currently ranks 180 countries "on a scale from 100 (very clean) to 0 (highly corrupt)."[4] Denmark, New Zealand and Finland are perceived as the least corrupt nations in the world, ranking consistently high among international financial transparency, while the most perceived corrupt country in the world is Somalia, scoring 8–10 out of 100 since 2012.[5] South Sudan is also perceived as one of the most corrupted countries in the world due to constant social and economic crises, ranking an average score of 13 out of 100 in 2018.[6]

Methods[edit]

Transparency International commissioned the University of Passau's Johann Graf Lambsdorff to produce the CPI.[7] The 2012 CPI takes into account 16 different surveys and assessments from 12 different institutions.[8] The 13 surveys/assessments are either business people opinion surveys or performance assessments from a group of analysts.[3] Early CPIs used public opinion surveys.[9] The institutions are:

Countries need to be evaluated by at least three sources to appear in the CPI.[9] The CPI measures perception of corruption due to the difficulty of measuring absolute levels of corruption.[11]

Validity[edit]

A study published in 2002 found a "very strong significant correlation" between the Corruption Perceptions Index and two other proxies for corruption: black market activity and an overabundance of regulation.[12]

All three metrics also had a highly significant correlation with real gross domestic product per capita (RGDP/Cap); the Corruption Perceptions Index correlation with RGDP/Cap was the strongest, explaining over three fourths of the variance.[12] (Note that a lower index on this scale reflects greater corruption, so that countries with higher RGDPs generally had less corruption.)

Economic implications[edit]

Research papers published in 2007 and 2008 examined the economic consequences of corruption perception, as defined by the CPI. The researchers found a correlation between a higher CPI and higher long-term economic growth,[13] as well as an increase in GDP growth of 1.7% for every unit increase in a country's CPI score.[14] Also shown was a power-law dependence linking higher CPI score to higher rates of foreign investment in a country.

Rankings[edit]

Legend:

Scores Perceived as less corrupt Perceived as more corrupt
100–090 089–080 079–070 069–060 059–050 049–040 039-030 029–020 019–010 009–000

2012–2019[edit]

2012–2019 Corruption Perceptions Index table[15][16]
Rank Nation
or
Territory
2019[17] 2018[18] 2017[19] 2016[20] 2015[21] 2014[22] 2013[23] 2012[24]
Score Change in score from previous year Score Change in score from previous year Score Change in score from previous year Score Change in score from previous year Score Change in score from previous year Score Change in score from previous year Score Change in score from previous year Score
1  New Zealand
87
Steady
87
Decrease 2
89
Decrease 1
90
Decrease 1
91
Steady
91
Steady
91
Increase 1
90
1  Denmark
87
Decrease 1
88
Steady
88
Decrease 2
90
Decrease 1
91
Decrease 1
92
Increase 1
91
Increase 1
90
3  Finland
86
Increase 1
85
Steady
85
Decrease 4
89
Decrease 1
90
Increase 1
89
Steady
89
Decrease 1
90
4  Sweden
85
Steady
85
Increase 1
84
Decrease 4
88
Decrease 1
89
Increase 2
87
Decrease 2
89
Increase 1
88
4   Switzerland
85
Steady
85
Steady
85
Decrease 1
86
Steady
86
Steady
86
Increase 1
85
Decrease 1
86
4  Singapore
85
Steady
85
Increase 1
84
Steady
84
Decrease 1
85
Increase 1
84
Decrease 2
86
Decrease 1
87
7  Norway
84
Steady
84
Decrease 1
85
Steady
85
Decrease 2
87
Increase 1
86
Steady
86
Increase 1
85
8  Netherlands
82
Steady
82
Steady
82
Decrease 1
83
Decrease 4
87
Increase 4
83
Steady
83
Decrease 1
84
9  Luxembourg
80
Decrease 1
81
Decrease 1
82
Increase 1
81
Steady
81
Decrease 1
82
Increase 2
80
Steady
80
9  Germany
80
Steady
80
Decrease 1
81
Steady
81
Steady
81
Increase 2
79
Increase 1
78
Decrease 1
79
11  Iceland
78
Increase 2
76
Decrease 1
77
Decrease 1
78
Decrease 1
79
Steady
79
Increase 1
78
Decrease 4
82
12  Canada
77
Decrease 4
81
Decrease 1
82
Steady
82
Decrease 1
83
Increase 2
81
Steady
81
Decrease 3
84
12  United Kingdom
77
Decrease 3
80
Decrease 2
82
Increase 1
81
Steady
81
Increase 3
78
Increase 2
76
Increase 2
74
12  Australia
77
Steady
77
Steady
77
Decrease 2
79
Steady
79
Decrease 1
80
Decrease 1
81
Decrease 4
85
12  Austria
77
Increase 1
76
Increase 1
75
Steady
75
Decrease 1
76
Increase 4
72
Increase 3
69
Steady
69
16  Hong Kong
76
Steady
76
Decrease 1
77
Steady
77
Increase 2
75
Increase 1
74
Decrease 1
75
Decrease 2
77
17  Belgium
75
Steady
75
Steady
75
Decrease 2
77
Steady
77
Increase 1
76
Increase 1
75
Steady
75
18  Ireland
74
Increase 1
73
Decrease 1
74
Increase 1
73
Decrease 2
75
Increase 1
74
Increase 2
72
Increase 3
69
18  Estonia
74
Increase 1
73
Increase 2
71
Increase 1
70
Steady
70
Increase 1
69
Increase 1
68
Increase 4
64
20  Japan
73
Steady
73
Steady
73
Increase 1
72
Decrease 3
75
Decrease 1
76
Increase 2
74
Steady
74
21  Uruguay
71
Increase 1
70
Steady
70
Decrease 1
71
Decrease 3
74
Increase 1
73
Steady
73
Increase 1
72
21  United Arab Emirates
71
Increase 1
70
Decrease 1
71
Increase 5
66
Decrease 4
70
Steady
70
Increase 1
69
Increase 1
68
23  France
69
Decrease 3
72
Increase 2
70
Increase 2
69
Decrease 1
70
Increase 1
69
Decrease 2
71
Steady
71
23  United States
69
Decrease 2
71
Decrease 4
75
Increase 1
74
Decrease 2
76
Increase 2
74
Increase 1
73
Steady
73
25  Bhutan
68
Steady
68
Increase 1
67
Increase 2
65
Steady
65
Steady
65
Increase 2
63
Steady
63
26  Chile
67
Steady
67
Steady
67
Increase 1
66
Decrease 4
70
Decrease 3
73
Increase 2
71
Decrease 1
72
28  Taiwan
65
Increase 2
63
Steady
63
Increase 2
61
Decrease 1
62
Increase 1
61
Steady
61
Steady
61
29  Bahamas
64
Decrease 1
65
Steady
65
Decrease 1
66
Steady Steady
71
Steady
71
Steady
71
30  Spain
62
Increase 4
58
Increase 1
57
Decrease 1
58
Steady
58
Decrease 2
60
Increase 1
59
Decrease 6
65
30  Barbados
62
Decrease 6
68
Steady
68
Increase 7
61
Steady Steady
74
Decrease 1
75
Decrease 1
76
30  Portugal
62
Decrease 2
64
Increase 1
63
Increase 1
62
Decrease 1
63
Steady
63
Increase 1
62
Decrease 1
63
30  Qatar
62
Steady
62
Decrease 1
63
Increase 2
61
Decrease 10
71
Increase 2
69
Increase 1
68
Steady
68
34  Botswana
61
Steady
61
Steady
61
Increase 1
60
Decrease 3
63
Steady
63
Decrease 1
64
Decrease 1
65
35  Brunei
60
Decrease 3
63
Increase 1
62
Increase 4
58
Steady Steady Steady
60
Increase 5
55
35  Israel
60
Decrease 1
61
Decrease 1
62
Decrease 2
64
Increase 3
61
Increase 1
60
Decrease 1
61
Increase 1
60
35  Slovenia
60
Steady
60
Decrease 1
61
Steady
61
Increase 1
60
Increase 2
58
Increase 1
57
Decrease 4
61
35  Lithuania
60
Increase 1
59
Steady
59
Steady
59
Decrease 2
61
Increase 3
58
Increase 1
57
Increase 3
54
39  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
59
Increase 1
58
Steady
58
Decrease 2
60
Steady Steady
67
Increase 5
62
Steady
62
39  South Korea
59
Increase 2
57
Increase 3
54
Increase 1
53
Decrease 3
56
Increase 1
55
Steady
55
Decrease 1
56
41  Poland
58
Decrease 2
60
Steady
60
Decrease 2
62
Steady
62
Increase 1
61
Increase 1
60
Increase 2
58
41  Cyprus
58
Decrease 1
59
Increase 2
57
Increase 2
55
Decrease 6
61
Decrease 2
63
Steady
63
Decrease 3
66
41  Cape Verde
58
Increase 1
57
Increase 2
55
Decrease 4
59
Increase 4
55
Decrease 2
57
Decrease 1
58
Decrease 2
60
44  Czech Republic
56
Decrease 3
59
Increase 2
57
Increase 2
55
Decrease 1
56
Increase 5
51
Increase 3
48
Decrease 1
49
44  Georgia
56
Decrease 2
58
Increase 2
56
Decrease 1
57
Increase 5
52
Steady
52
Increase 3
49
Decrease 3
52
44  Latvia
56
Decrease 2
58
Steady
58
Increase 1
57
Increase 2
55
Steady
55
Increase 2
53
Increase 4
49
44  Costa Rica
56
Steady
56
Decrease 3
59
Increase 1
58
Increase 3
55
Increase 1
54
Increase 1
53
Decrease 1
54
48  Dominica
55
Decrease 2
57
Steady
57
Decrease 2
59
Steady Steady
58
Steady
58
Steady
58
48  Saint Lucia
55
Steady
55
Steady
55
Decrease 5
60
Steady Steady Steady
71
Steady
71
50  Malta
54
Steady
54
Decrease 2
56
Increase 1
55
Decrease 1
56
Increase 1
55
Decrease 1
56
Decrease 1
57
51  Rwanda
53
Decrease 3
56
Increase 1
55
Increase 1
54
Steady
54
Increase 5
49
Decrease 4
53
Steady
53
51  Grenada
53
Decrease 1
52
Steady
52
Decrease 4
56
Steady Steady Steady Steady
51  Italy
53
Increase 1
52
Increase 2
50
Increase 3
47
Increase 3
44
Increase 1
43
Steady
43
Increase 1
42
51  Saudi Arabia
53
Increase 4
49
Steady
49
Increase 3
46
Decrease 6
52
Increase 3
49
Increase 3
46
Increase 2
44
51  Malaysia
53
Increase 6
47
Steady
47
Decrease 2
49
Decrease 1
50
Decrease 2
52
Increase 2
50
Increase 1
49
56  Namibia
52
Decrease 1
53
Increase 2
51
Decrease 1
52
Decrease 1
53
Increase 4
49
Increase 1
48
Steady
48
56  Oman
52
Steady
52
Increase 8
44
Decrease 1
45
Steady
45
Steady
45
Decrease 2
47
Steady
47
56  Mauritius
52
Increase 1
51
Increase 1
50
Decrease 4
54
Increase 1
53
Decrease 1
54
Increase 2
52
Decrease 5
57
59  Slovakia
50
Steady
50
Steady
50
Decrease 1
51
Steady
51
Increase 1
50
Increase 3
47
Increase 1
46
60  Jordan
48
Decrease 1
49
Increase 1
48
Steady
48
Decrease 5
53
Increase 4
49
Increase 4
45
Decrease 3
48
60  Cuba
48
Increase 1
47
Steady
47
Steady
47
Steady
47
Increase 1
46
Steady
46
Decrease 2
48
60  Greece
48
Increase 3
45
Decrease 3
48
Increase 4
44
Decrease 2
46
Increase 3
43
Increase 3
40
Increase 4
36
63  Croatia
47
Decrease 1
48
Decrease 1
49
Steady
49
Decrease 2
51
Increase 3
48
Steady
48
Increase 2
46
64  São Tomé and Príncipe
46
Steady
46
Steady
46
Steady
46
Increase 4
42
Steady
42
Steady
42
Steady
42
66  Montenegro
45
Steady
45
Decrease 1
46
Increase 1
45
Increase 1
44
Increase 2
42
Decrease 2
44
Increase 3
41
66  Senegal
45
Steady
45
Steady
45
Steady
45
Increase 1
44
Increase 1
43
Increase 2
41
Increase 5
36
66  Belarus
45
Increase 1
44
Steady
44
Increase 4
40
Increase 8
32
Increase 1
31
Increase 2
29
Decrease 2
31
66  Argentina
45
Increase 5
40
Increase 1
39
Increase 3
36
Increase 4
32
Decrease 2
34
Steady
34
Decrease 1
35
70  Romania
44
Decrease 3
47
Decrease 1
48
Steady
48
Increase 2
46
Increase 3
43
Steady
43
Decrease 1
44
70  South Africa
44
Increase 1
43
Steady
43
Decrease 2
45
Increase 1
44
Steady
44
Increase 2
42
Decrease 1
43
70  Suriname
44
Increase 1
43
Increase 2
41
Decrease 4
45
Increase 9
36
Steady
36
Steady
36
Decrease 1
37
70  Hungary
44
Decrease 2
46
Increase 1
45
Decrease 3
48
Decrease 3
51
Decrease 3
54
Steady
54
Decrease 1
55
74  Jamaica
43
Decrease 1
44
Steady
44
Increase 5
39
Decrease 2
41
Increase 3
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
74  Tunisia
43
Steady
43
Increase 1
42
Increase 1
41
Increase 3
38
Decrease 2
40
Decrease 1
41
Steady
41
74  Bulgaria
43
Increase 1
42
Decrease 1
43
Increase 2
41
Steady
41
Decrease 2
43
Increase 2
41
Steady
41
77  Solomon Islands
42
Decrease 2
44
Increase 5
39
Decrease 3
42
Steady Steady Steady Steady
77  Bahrain
42
Increase 6
36
Steady
36
Decrease 7
43
Decrease 8
51
Increase 2
49
Increase 1
48
Decrease 3
51
77  Armenia
42
Increase 7
35
Steady
35
Increase 2
33
Decrease 2
35
Decrease 2
37
Increase 1
36
Increase 2
34
80  Morocco
41
Decrease 2
43
Increase 3
40
Increase 3
37
Increase 1
36
Decrease 3
39
Increase 2
37
Steady
37
80  India
41
Steady
41
Increase 1
40
Steady
40
Increase 2
38
Steady
38
Increase 2
36
Steady
36
80  Ghana
41
Steady
41
Increase 1
40
Decrease 3
43
Decrease 4
47
Decrease 1
48
Increase 2
46
Increase 1
45
80  Benin
41
Increase 1
40
Increase 1
39
Increase 3
36
Decrease 1
37
Decrease 2
39
Increase 3
36
Steady
36
80  China
41
Increase 2
39
Decrease 2
41
Increase 1
40
Increase 3
37
Increase 1
36
Decrease 4
40
Increase 1
39
85  Burkina Faso
40
Decrease 1
41
Decrease 1
42
Steady
42
Increase 4
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
85  Kuwait
40
Decrease 1
41
Increase 2
39
Decrease 2
41
Decrease 8
49
Increase 5
44
Increase 1
43
Decrease 1
44
85  Indonesia
40
Increase 2
38
Increase 1
37
Steady
37
Increase 1
36
Increase 2
34
Increase 2
32
Steady
32
85  Guyana
40
Increase 3
37
Decrease 1
38
Increase 4
34
Increase 5
29
Decrease 1
30
Increase 3
27
Decrease 1
28
85  Lesotho
40
Decrease 1
41
Decrease 1
42
Increase 3
39
Decrease 5
44
Decrease 5
49
Steady
49
Increase 4
45
85  Trinidad and Tobago
40
Decrease 1
41
Steady
41
Increase 6
35
Decrease 4
39
Increase 1
38
Steady
38
Decrease 1
39
91  Serbia
39
Steady
39
Decrease 2
41
Decrease 1
42
Increase 2
40
Decrease 1
41
Decrease 1
42
Increase 3
39
91  Turkey
39
Decrease 2
41
Increase 1
40
Decrease 1
41
Decrease 1
42
Decrease 3
45
Decrease 5
50
Increase 1
49
93  East Timor
38
Increase 3
35
Decrease 3
38
Increase 3
35
Increase 7
28
Steady
28
Decrease 2
30
Decrease 3
33
93  Sri Lanka
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
Increase 2
36
Decrease 1
37
Decrease 1
38
Increase 1
37
Decrease 3
40
93  Ecuador
38
Increase 4
34
Increase 2
32
Increase 1
31
Decrease 1
32
Decrease 1
33
Decrease 2
35
Increase 3
32
96  Vietnam
37
Increase 4
33
Decrease 2
35
Increase 2
33
Increase 2
31
Steady
31
Steady
31
Steady
31
96  Colombia
37
Increase 1
36
Decrease 1
37
Steady
37
Steady
37
Steady
37
Increase 1
36
Steady
36
96  Tanzania
37
Increase 1
36
Steady
36
Increase 4
32
Increase 2
30
Decrease 1
31
Decrease 2
33
Decrease 2
35
96  Ethiopia
37
Increase 3
34
Decrease 1
35
Increase 1
34
Increase 1
33
Steady
33
Steady
33
Steady
33
96  Gambia
37
Steady
37
Increase 7
30
Increase 4
26
Decrease 2
28
Decrease 1
29
Increase 1
28
Decrease 6
34
101  Bosnia and Herzegovina
36
Decrease 2
38
Steady
38
Decrease 1
39
Increase 1
38
Decrease 1
39
Decrease 3
42
Steady
42
101  Panama
36
Decrease 1
37
Steady
37
Decrease 1
38
Decrease 1
39
Increase 2
37
Increase 2
35
Decrease 3
38
101  Kosovo
36
Decrease 1
37
Decrease 2
39
Increase 3
36
Increase 3
33
Steady
33
Steady
33
Decrease 1
34
101  Thailand
36
Steady
36
Decrease 1
37
Increase 2
35
Decrease 3
38
Steady
38
Increase 3
35
Decrease 2
37
101  Peru
36
Increase 1
35
Decrease 2
37
Increase 2
35
Decrease 1
36
Decrease 2
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
105  Egypt
35
Steady
35
Increase 3
32
Decrease 2
34
Decrease 2
36
Decrease 1
37
Increase 5
32
Steady
32
106  Ivory Coast
35
Steady
35
Decrease 1
36
Increase 2
34
Increase 2
32
Steady
32
Increase 5
27
Decrease 2
29
106  Mongolia
35
Decrease 2
37
Increase 1
36
Decrease 2
38
Decrease 1
39
Steady
39
Increase 1
38
Increase 2
36
106  North Macedonia
35
Decrease 2
37
Increase 2
35
Decrease 2
37
Decrease 5
42
Decrease 3
45
Increase 1
44
Increase 1
43
106  Albania
35
Decrease 1
36
Decrease 2
38
Decrease 1
39
Increase 3
36
Increase 3
33
Increase 2
31
Decrease 2
33
106  Brazil
35
Steady
35
Decrease 2
37
Decrease 3
40
Increase 2
38
Decrease 5
43
Increase 1
42
Decrease 1
43
106  Algeria
35
Steady
35
Increase 2
33
Decrease 1
34
Decrease 2
36
Steady
36
Steady
36
Increase 2
34
113  Philippines
34
Decrease 2
36
Increase 2
34
Decrease 1
35
Steady
35
Decrease 3
38
Increase 2
36
Increase 2
34
113  Zambia
34
Decrease 1
35
Decrease 2
37
Decrease 1
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
Increase 1
37
113  El Salvador
34
Decrease 1
35
Increase 2
33
Decrease 3
36
Decrease 3
39
Steady
39
Increase 1
38
Steady
38
113  Kazakhstan
34
Increase 3
31
Steady
31
Increase 2
29
Increase 1
28
Decrease 1
29
Increase 3
26
Decrease 2
28
113    Nepal
34
Increase 3
31
Steady
31
Increase 2
29
Increase 2
27
Decrease 2
29
Decrease 2
31
Increase 4
27
119  Sierra Leone
33
Increase 3
30
Steady
30
Steady
30
Increase 1
29
Decrease 2
31
Increase 1
30
Decrease 1
31
120  Niger
32
Decrease 2
34
Increase 1
33
Decrease 2
35
Increase 1
34
Decrease 1
35
Increase 1
34
Increase 1
33
120  Pakistan
32
Decrease 1
33
Increase 1
32
Steady
32
Increase 2
30
Increase 1
29
Increase 1
28
Increase 1
27
120  Moldova
32
Decrease 1
33
Increase 2
31
Increase 1
30
Decrease 3
33
Decrease 2
35
Steady
35
Decrease 1
36
123  Bolivia
31
Increase 2
29
Decrease 4
33
Steady
33
Decrease 1
34
Decrease 1
35
Increase 1
34
Steady
34
123  Malawi
31
Decrease 1
32
Increase 1
31
Steady
31
Steady
31
Decrease 2
33
Decrease 4
37
Steady
37
123  Gabon
31
Steady
31
Decrease 1
32
Decrease 3
35
Increase 1
34
Decrease 3
37
Increase 3
34
Decrease 1
35
126  Djibouti
30
Decrease 1
31
Steady
31
Increase 1
30
Decrease 4
34
Steady
34
Decrease 2
36
Steady
36
126  Ukraine
30
Decrease 2
32
Increase 2
30
Increase 1
29
Increase 2
27
Increase 1
26
Increase 1
25
Decrease 1
26
126  Azerbaijan
30
Increase 5
25
Decrease 6
31
Increase 1
30
Increase 1
29
Steady
29
Increase 1
28
Increase 1
27
126  Kyrgyzstan
30
Increase 1
29
Steady
29
Increase 1
28
Steady
28
Increase 1
27
Increase 3
24
Steady
24
130  Myanmar
29
Steady
29
Decrease 1
30
Increase 2
28
Increase 6
22
Increase 1
21
Steady
21
Increase 6
15
130  Mexico
29
Increase 1
28
Decrease 1
29
Decrease 1
30
Decrease 5
35
Steady
35
Increase 1
34
Steady
34
130  Mali
29
Decrease 3
32
Increase 1
31
Decrease 1
32
Decrease 3
35
Increase 3
32
Increase 4
28
Decrease 6
34
130  Maldives
29
Decrease 2
31
Decrease 2
33
Decrease 3
36
Steady Steady Steady Steady
130  Togo
29
Decrease 1
30
Decrease 2
32
Steady
32
Steady
32
Increase 3
29
Steady
29
Decrease 1
30
130  Guinea
29
Increase 1
28
Increase 1
27
Steady
27
Increase 2
25
Steady
25
Increase 1
24
Steady
24
130  Laos
29
Steady
29
Steady
29
Decrease 1
30
Increase 5
25
Steady
25
Decrease 1
26
Increase 5
21
137  Liberia
28
Decrease 4
32
Increase 1
31
Decrease 6
37
Steady
37
Steady
37
Decrease 1
38
Decrease 3
41
137  Dominican Republic
28
Decrease 2
30
Increase 1
29
Decrease 2
31
Decrease 2
33
Increase 1
32
Increase 3
29
Decrease 3
32
137  Paraguay
28
Decrease 1
29
Steady
29
Decrease 1
30
Increase 3
27
Increase 3
24
Steady
24
Decrease 1
25
137  Russia
28
Steady
28
Decrease 1
29
Steady
29
Steady
29
Increase 2
27
Decrease 1
28
Steady
28
137  Lebanon
28
Steady
28
Steady
28
Steady
28
Steady
28
Increase 1
27
Decrease 1
28
Decrease 2
30
137  Papua New Guinea
28
Steady
28
Decrease 1
29
Increase 1
28
Increase 3
25
Steady
25
Steady
25
Steady
25
137  Mauritania
28
Increase 1
27
Decrease 1
28
Increase 1
27
Decrease 4
31
Increase 1
30
Steady
30
Decrease 1
31
137  Uganda
28
Increase 2
26
Steady
26
Increase 1
25
Steady
25
Decrease 1
26
Steady
26
Decrease3
29
137  Kenya
28
Increase 1
27
Decrease 1
28
Increase 2
26
Increase 1
25
Steady
25
Decrease 2
27
Steady
27
146  Honduras
26
Decrease 3
29
Steady
29
Decrease 1
30
Decrease 1
31
Increase 2
29
Increase 3
26
Decrease 2
28
146  Iran
26
Decrease 2
28
Decrease 2
30
Increase 1
29
Increase 2
27
Steady
27
Increase 2
25
Decrease 3
28
146  Guatemala
26
Decrease 1
27
Decrease 1
28
Steady
28
Steady
28
Decrease 4
32
Increase 3
29
Decrease 4
33
146  Nigeria
26
Decrease 1
27
Steady
27
Decrease 1
28
Increase 2
26
Decrease 1
27
Increase 2
25
Decrease 2
27
146  Mozambique
26
Increase 3
23
Decrease 2
25
Decrease 2
27
Decrease 4
31
Steady
31
Increase 1
30
Decrease 1
31
146  Bangladesh
26
Steady
26
Decrease 2
28
Increase 2
26
Increase 1
25
Steady
25
Decrease 2
27
Increase 1
26
146  Angola
26
Increase 7
19
Steady
19
Increase 1
18
Increase 3
15
Decrease 4
19
Decrease 4
23
Increase 1
22
153  Comoros
25
Decrease 2
27
Steady
27
Increase 3
24
Decrease 2
26
Steady
26
Decrease 2
28
Steady
28
153