Corruption in the Philippines

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The Philippines suffers from widespread corruption.[1][obsolete source] Means of corruption include graft, bribery, embezzlement, backdoor deals, nepotism, and patronage.[2][obsolete source][improper synthesis?]


Transparency International's 2018 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country (together with Albania, Bahrain, Colombia, Tanzania, and Thailand) in the 99th place out of 180 countries.[3]

This is better than the Philippines' 129th out of 178, ranking in 2011 with a 2.6 CPI, in Transparency International's list. The CPI score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of 0 – 100, where 0 means that a country is perceived as highly corrupt and 100 means that a country is perceived as very clean.

Transparency International-Philippines said some of the factors that contributed to the Philippines' (2.6) slight jump are the improvement in government service, and cutting red tape.[4]

Political nepotism[edit]

The Philippine political arena is mainly arranged and operated by families or alliances of families, rather than organised around the voting for political parties.[5]

Called the Padrino system, one gains favor, promotion, or political appointment through family affiliation (nepotism) or friendship (cronyism), as opposed to one's merit. The Padrino system in the Philippines has been the source of many controversies and corruption.

It has been an open secret that one cannot join the political arena of the Philippines without mastery of the Padrino system.[citation needed] From the lowest Barangay official, to the President of the Republic, it is expected that one gains political debts and dispenses political favor to advance one's career or influence, if not wealth.[citation needed]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Jurado, Emil (March 12, 2010). "The fourth most corrupt nation". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  2. ^ Conde, Carlos (March 13, 2007). "Philippines most corrupt, survey says". The New York Times. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  3. ^ "Corruption Perceptions Index 2018". Transparency International. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  4. ^ News, By Willard Cheng, ABS-CBN. "PH corruption going, going, but not yet gone".
  5. ^ Coronel, Chua, Rimban, & Cruz The Rulemakers Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (2007); p.49

Further reading[edit]