Corsican finch

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Corsican finch
Carduelis corsicana.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Genus: Carduelis
Species: C. corsicana
Binomial name
Carduelis corsicana
(Koenig, 1899)
  • Serinus corsicanus
  • Serinus citrinella corsicanus
  • Serinus corsicana
    (lapsus; see Barbagli & Violani, 1997)
  • Serinus citrinella corsicana
    (lapsus; see Barbagli & Violani, 1997)
  • Carduelis citrinella corsicana
  • Carduelis corsicanus

The Corsican finch (Carduelis corsicana), also known as Corsican citril finch or Mediterranean citril finch is a bird in the finch family, Fringillidae.

It was formerly regarded a subspecies of the citril finch, but it differs in morphology and vocalizations (Cramp & Perrins, 1994, Förschler & Kalko, 2007) as well as mtDNA sequence (Sangster, 2000, contra Pasquet & Thibault, 1997, Förschler et al. 2009) and they are now considered distinct species (Sangster et al., 2002, Förschler et al. 2009). Formerly, both were placed in the genus Serinus, but they appear to be close relatives of the European goldfinch (Arnaiz-Villena et al., 1998, contra van den Elzen & Khoury, 1999).

It is found in Corsica, Sardinia and on the Italian islands of Elba, Capraia and Gorgona.

It has dark-streaked brown upperparts, and brighter yellow underparts than the citril finch.

Near Col de Vergio, Corsica, Sept 2014


It has been obtained by Antonio Arnaiz-Villena et al.[2][3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Carduelis corsicana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Alvarez-Tejado M.; Ruiz-del-Valle V.; García-de-la-Torre C.; Varela P; Recio M. J.; Ferre S.; Martinez-Laso J. (1998). "Phylogeny and rapid Northern and Southern Hemisphere speciation of goldfinches during the Miocene and Pliocene Epochs" (PDF). Cell.Mol.Life.Sci. 54 (9): 1031–41. PMID 9791543. doi:10.1007/s000180050230. 
  3. ^ Zamora, J; Moscoso J; Ruiz-del-Valle V; Ernesto L; Serrano-Vela JI; Ira-Cachafeiro J; Arnaiz-Villena A (2006). "Conjoint mitochondrial phylogenetic trees for canaries Serinus spp. and goldfinches Carduelis spp. show several specific polytomies" (PDF). Ardeola. 53 (1): 1–17. 
  • Barbagli, Fausto; Violani, Carlo (1997). "Canaries in Tuscany". Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali Torino. 15: 25–33. 
  • Clement, Peter; Alan Harris; John Davis (1993). Finches and Sparrows: an identification guide. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-8017-2. 
  • Dickinson EC, Pearson D, Remsen V, Roselaar K, Schodde R (2003): The Howard and Moore complete check list of the birds of the world. Dickinson EC, London.
  • Cramp, S. & Perrins, C. M. (eds) (1994): The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Vol. 8. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Förschler, M.I.; Kalko, E.K.V. (2006). "Macrogeographic variations in food choice of mainland citril finches Carduelis [citrinella] citrinella and insular Corsican (citril) finches Carduelis [citrinella] corsicanus". Journal of Ornithology. 147: 441–447. doi:10.1007/s10336-005-0032-6. 
  • Förschler, M.I.; Kalko, E.K.V. (2006). "Breeding ecology and nest site selection in allopatric mainland Citril Finches Carduelis [citrinella] citrinella and insular Corsican Finches Carduelis [citrinella] corsicanus". Journal of Ornithology. 147: 553–564. doi:10.1007/s10336-006-0079-z. 
  • Förschler, M.I. (2006). "Absence of insular density inflation in Corsican Finches Carduelis [citrinella] corsicanus". Acta Ornithologica. 41 (2): 171–175. doi:10.3161/068.041.0202. 
  • Förschler, M.I.; Kalko, E.K.V. (2007). "Geographical differentiation, acoustic adaptation and species boundaries in mainland citril finches and insular Corsican finches, superspecies Carduelis [citrinella]". Journal of Biogeography. 34: 1591–1600. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2007.01722.x. 
  • Förschler, M.I.; Senar, J.C.; Perret, P.; Björklund, M. (2009). "The species status of the Corsican Finch Carduelis corsicana assessed by three genetic markers with different rates of evolution". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 52: 234–240. PMID 19249374. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.02.014. 
  • Hagemeijer, Ward J. & Blair, Michael J. (editors) (1997): The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds. T. & A. D. Poyser.
  • Pasquet, E.; Thibault, J.-C. (1997). "Genetic differences among mainland and insular forms of the Citril Finch Serinus citrinella". Ibis. 139 (4): 679–684. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.1997.tb04691.x. 
  • Sangster, G (2000). "Genetic distance as a test of species boundaries in the Citril Finch Serinus citrinella: a critique and taxonomic reinterpretation". Ibis. 142 (3): 487–490. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.2000.tb04447.x. 
  • Sangster, George; Knox, Alan G.; Helbig, Andreas J.; Parkin, David T. (2002). "Taxonomic recommendations for European birds". Ibis. 144 (1): 153–159. doi:10.1046/j.0019-1019.2001.00026.x. 
  • van den Elzen, R. & Khoury, F. (1999): Systematik, phylogenetische Analyse und Biogeographie der Großgattung Serinus Koch, 1816 (Aves, Carduelidae). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 215: 55–65. [Article in German]

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