Cortés Department

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Cortés Department

Departamento de Cortés
Department
Location of Cortés in Honduras
Location of Cortés in Honduras
Coordinates: 15°30′10″N 88°0′49″W / 15.50278°N 88.01361°W / 15.50278; -88.01361Coordinates: 15°30′10″N 88°0′49″W / 15.50278°N 88.01361°W / 15.50278; -88.01361
Country Honduras
Municipalities12
Villages284
Founded4 July 1893
Capital citySan Pedro Sula
Government
 • TypeDepartmental
 • GobernadorWila Chiang de Pinto (2018-2022) (PNH)
Area
 • Total3,911 km2 (1,510 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,242 m (7,356 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
(2015)
 • Total1,621,762
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Ethnicities
Ladino, Garifuna
 • Religions
Catholicism, Evangelicalism
Time zoneUTC-6 (CDT)
Postal code
San Pedro Sula: 21101, 21102, 21103, 21104, Puerto Cortés 21301
ISO 3166 codeHN-CR
HDI (2017)0.658[1]
medium · 2nd
Statistics derived from Consult INE online database: Population and Housing Census 2013[2]

Cortés is one of the 18 departments into which Honduras is divided. The department covers a total surface area of 3,954 km² and, in 2015, had an estimated population of 1,612,762 people, making it the most populous department in Honduras. The Merendón Mountains rise in western Cortés, but the department is mostly a tropical lowland, the Sula Valley, crossed by the Ulúa and Chamelecon rivers.

It was created in 1893 from parts of the departments of Santa Bárbara and Yoro. The departmental capital is San Pedro Sula. Main cities also include Choloma, La Lima, Villanueva, and the sea ports of Puerto Cortés and Omoa. The Atlantic coast of the Department of Cortés is known for its many excellent beaches.

Cortés is the economic heartland of Honduras, as the Sula Valley is the country's main agricultural and industrial region. US banana companies arrived in the area in the late 19th Century, and established vast plantations, as well as infrastructure to ship the fruit to the United States. San Pedro Sula attracted substantial numbers of European, Central American, and Palestinian and Lebanese immigrants. Industry flourishes in the department, and Cortés today hosts most of the country's assembly plants, known as maquilas.

Municipalities[edit]

  1. Choloma
  2. La Lima
  3. Omoa
  4. Pimienta
  5. Potrerillos
  6. Puerto Cortés
  7. San Antonio de Cortés
  8. San Francisco de Yojoa
  9. San Manuel
  10. San Pedro Sula
  11. Santa Cruz de Yojoa
  12. Villanueva

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ "Consulta Base de datos INE en línea: Censo de Población y Vivienda 2013" [Consult INE online database: Population and Housing Census 2013]. Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) (in Spanish). El Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). 1 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-13.