Corypha

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Corypha
Corypha umbraculifera 1913.jpg
Corypha umbraculifera painting (1913)
Scientific classification
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Corypha

Synonyms[1]
  • Bessia Raf.
  • Codda-Pana Adans. nom. illeg.
  • Dendrema Raf.
  • Gembanga Blume
  • Taliera Mart.

Corypha (Gebang Palm, Buri Palm and Talipot Palm) is a genus of palms (family Arecaceae), native to India, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea and northeastern Australia (Cape York Peninsula, Queensland). They are fan palms (subfamily Coryphoideae), and the leaves have a long petiole terminating in a rounded fan of numerous leaflets.

All are large palms with leaves ranging from 2–5 metres in length. They reach heights of 20–40 m and with a trunk diameter of up to 1-2.5 m. All the species are monocarpic and die after flowering. The genus is relatively slow growing and can take many years to form a trunk.

Species include:[2]

  • Corypha umbraculifera L. - Talipot Palm - Sri Lanka, southern India; naturalized in Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Andaman Islands
  • Corypha utan Lam. (syn. C. elata, C. gebang) - Gebang Palm or Buri Palm or Cabbage Palm - India: Assam, Andaman Islands, Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia: Queensland, Northern Territory

Gallery[edit]

Uses[edit]

In the Philippines, buri trees, like the sago palm, are used as sources of starch made into starch balls called landang. These are traditionally cooked into various desserts and dishes, most notably the binignit.[3]

The leaves are often used for thatching or can be woven into baskets, etc. Three kinds of fibres, namely buri, raffia, and buntal, may be obtained from the plant. The Buntal (buri palm leaves) Hat Festival is celebrated in Baliuag, Bulacan yearly every May 6[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved June 5, 2014.
  3. ^ Cabello, Nathan (31 March 2015). "Cebuano Binignit". The Freeman. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  4. ^ .Philippine Travel Blog: Buntal Hat festival launched in Baliuag Bulacan Archived 2012-12-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ The Philippine Star: Baliuag celebrates buntal weaving