Coryphoideae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coryphoideae
Sabalinflower.JPG
Sabal palmetto
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Burnett[1]
Tribes

Borasseae
Caryoteae
Chuniophoeniceae
Corypheae
Cryosophileae
Phoeniceae
Sabaleae
Trachycarpeae

The Coryphoideae is one of five subfamilies in the palm family, Arecaceae.[2][3][4] It contains all of the genera with palmate leaves, excepting Mauritia, Mauritiella and Lepidocaryum, all of subfamily Calamoideae, tribe Lepidocaryeae, subtribe Mauritiinae.[5][4][3] However, all Coryphoid palm leaves have induplicate (V-shaped) leaf folds (excepting Guihaia), while Calamoid palms have reduplicate (inverted V-shaped) leaf folds.[4] Pinnate leaves do occur in Coryphoideae, in Phoenix, Arenga, Wallichia and bipinnate in Caryota.

Classification[edit]

Subfamily Coryphoideae is divided into 8 tribes:[3]

The genus Sabinaria was discovered and described after the classification used here[3][4] was published, but its morphology clearly places it in tribe Cryosophileae.[6] The genus Saribus was split from Livistona,[7] while Lanonia was split from Licuala,[8] also after publication. Tribe Trachycarpeae was initially described as tribe 'Livistoneae',[3] but the name Trachycarpeae has priority.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dowe, John Leslie (2010). Australian Palms: Biogeography, Ecology and Systematics. CSIRO Publishing. p. 87. ISBN 0643096159. 
  2. ^ "Arecaceae Bercht. & J. Presl, nom. cons. subfam. Coryphoideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-04-13. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Dransfield, John; Uhl, Natalie W.; Asmussen, Conny B.; Baker, William J.; Harley, Madeline M.; Lewis, Carl E. (2005). "A new phylogenetic classification of the palm family, Arecaceae". Kew Bulletin. 60: 559–569 – via ResearchGate. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Dransfield, John; Uhl, Natalie W.; Asmussen, Conny B.; Baker, William J.; Harley, Madeline M.; Lewis, Carl E. (2008). Genera Palmarum - The Evolution and Classification of Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 9781842461822. 
  5. ^ Uhl, Natalie W.; Dransfield, John (1987). Genera Palmarum: a classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore Jr. Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A: The L. H. Bailey Hortorium and the International Palm Society. ISBN 9780935868302. 
  6. ^ Bernal, Rodrigo; Galeano, Gloria (2013-11-08). "Sabinaria , a new genus of palms (Cryosophileae, Coryphoideae, Arecaceae) from the Colombia-Panama border". Phytotaxa. 144 (2). ISSN 1179-3163. 
  7. ^ Bacon, Christine D.; Baker, William J. (2011). "Saribus Resurrected" (PDF). Palms. 55 (3): 109–116 – via ResearchGate. 
  8. ^ Henderson, Andrew J.; Bacon, Christine D. (2011-10-01). "Lanonia (Arecaceae: Palmae), a New Genus from Asia, with a Revision of the Species". Systematic Botany. 36 (4): 883–895. doi:10.1600/036364411X604903. ISSN 0363-6445. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Coryphoideae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Coryphoideae at Wikispecies