Corythoichthys paxtoni, commonly known as Paxton's pipefish, is a species of marine fish of the family Syngnathidae. It is endemic to the Coral Sea, being found in the Great Barrier Reef, the Chesterfield Islands, and New Caledonia. It inhabits coral reefs and rubble lagoons to depths of 18 metres (59 ft), where it can grow to lengths of 13 centimetres (5.1 in). This species mates monogamously and is ovoviviparous, with males carrying eggs until giving birth to live young.
The generic name is derived from Greek korys or korythos which means "helmet" and ichtys which means "fish". The specific name honours Dr John R. Paxton, the former Curator of Fishes, Australian Museum, Sydney.
- Gillespie, K. & Pollom, R. (2016). "Corythoichthys paxtoni (errata version published in 2017)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T65365090A115416189. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
- Thompson, Vanessa J. & Dianne J. Bray. "Corythoichthys paxtoni". Fishes of Australia. Museums Victoria. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
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