Cosham

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Cosham
Cosham is located in Hampshire
Cosham
Cosham
Location within Hampshire
Population13,830 (2011.Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceSU657052
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPORTSMOUTH
Postcode districtPO6
Dialling code023
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°50′33″N 1°03′58″W / 50.8424°N 1.0660°W / 50.8424; -1.0660Coordinates: 50°50′33″N 1°03′58″W / 50.8424°N 1.0660°W / 50.8424; -1.0660

Cosham (/ˈkɒʃəm/ or /ˈkɒsəm/)[2] is a northern suburb of Portsmouth lying within the city boundary but off Portsea Island. It is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 along with Drayton and Wymering (mainland) and Bocheland (Buckland), Frodington (Fratton) and Copenore (Copnor) on the island.

The name is of Saxon origin (shown by the -ham suffix) and means "Cossa's homestead".[3] Originally pronounced /ˈkɒsəm/, since the latter half of the 20th century /ˈkɒʃəm/ has become more widely used. Until the 1920s it was a separate small village surrounded by fields (including on the north end of Portsea Island).

Extensive suburban growth then expanded around the village and both east and west along the slopes of Portsdown Hill. It has been for many years a local route centre as a pinch point for buses travelling in and out of Portsmouth and offers three railway routes to London. Cosham railway station was until 1935 the terminus for City trams and trolleybuses from the south and Portsdown and Horndean Light Railway trams to the north. The High Street is a significant local shopping centre. Few traces of the original village now remain; the oldest houses (Chalk Cottage of 1777 and Mile Stone Cottages of 1793) were demolished in the 1960s and replaced by a car park, but the old milepost showing mileage to London, Petersfield and Portsmouth remains. The interior of St Philip's Church (1938) in Highbury is cited as a fine example of Ninian Comper's work.[4] Indeed, "England's 1000 Best Parish Churches" (author Sir Simon Jenkins) regards St Philip's as the only parish church within Portsmouth worth visiting on architectural merit.

Cosham is also home to the UK headquarters of IBM UK Ltd. The site known as 'North Harbour' was built in the 1970s, the location being selected due to the job cuts by the Royal Navy during the time.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Portsmouth ward population 2011". Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  2. ^ BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names
  3. ^ Oxford Dictionary of British Place Names
  4. ^ Howse, Christopher (14 October 2006). "On the altar of function and beauty". The Daily Telegraph.
  5. ^ Lever, Jill; Richardson, Margaret (1984). The architect as artist. Rizzoli International Publications. ISBN 0-8478-0568-9.