Cosmocampus heraldi

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Cosmocampus heraldi
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Cosmocampus
C. heraldi
Binomial name
Cosmocampus heraldi
Fritzsche, 1980
  • Bryx heraldi Fritzsche, 1980
  • Cosmocampus arctus subsp. heraldi Fritzche, 1980

Cosmocampus heraldi is a species of marine fish of the family Syngnathidae. It is known from only seven specimens, which were found at the Desventuradas and Juan Fernandez Islands in Chile.[1] It inhabits rocky reefs and sandy areas at depths of 6–23 metres (20–75 ft), where it can grow to lengths of 7 centimetres (2.8 in). It is expected to feed on small crustaceans like other pipefish.[1] This species is ovoviviparous, with males carrying eggs until giving birth to live young.[2] The specific name honours the ichthyologist Earl Stannard Herald (1914-1973) who had a lifelong interest in pipefish.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d Zhang, X. & Pollom, R. (2016). "Cosmocampus heraldi (errata version published in 2017)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T65365798A115418892. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T65365798A67619886.en.
  2. ^ Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
  3. ^ R.A. Fritzsche (1980). "Revision of the eastern Pacific Syngnathidae (Pisces: Syngnathiformes), including both recent and fossil forms". Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. Series 4. 42 (6): 181–227. Retrieved 27 May 2018.

Further reading[edit]