Kosmos 2251

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Kosmos 2251
Strela-2M.jpg
A Strela-2M communication satellite, similar to Kosmos 2251
Mission typeCommunication
OperatorVKS
COSPAR ID1993-036A
SATCAT no.22675
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeStrela-2M
ManufacturerReshetnev
Launch mass900 kilograms (2,000 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date16 June 1993, 04:17 UTC (1993-06-16UTC04:17Z)
RocketKosmos-3M
Launch sitePlesetsk 132/1
End of mission
Destroyed10 February 2009
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Eccentricity0.00265
Perigee778 kilometres (483 mi)
Apogee803 kilometres (499 mi)
Inclination74.00 degrees
Period100.70 minutes
Epoch16 June 1993, 20:00:00 UTC[1]

Kosmos-2251, (Russian: Космос-2251 meaning Cosmos 2251), was a Russian Strela-2M communications satellite. It was launched into Low Earth orbit from Site 132/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome at 04:17 UTC on 16 June 1993, by a Kosmos-3M carrier rocket.[2][3] It had no propulsion system.[4]

Destruction[edit]

At 16:56 UTC on 10 February 2009,[5] it collided with Iridium 33, an Iridium satellite,[6] in the first major collision of two satellites in Earth orbit. The Iridium satellite, which was operational at the time of the collision, was destroyed, as was Kosmos-2251.[7] NASA reported that a large amount of debris was produced by the collision.[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NASA - NSSDCA - Spacecraft - Trajectory Details". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2018-05-02.
  2. ^ Wade, Mark. "Strela-2M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos-3". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
  4. ^ Игорь Королев. Авария на $50 млн // Ведомости, № 26 (2296), 13 февраля 2009
  5. ^ Iannotta, Becky (11 February 2009). "U.S. Satellite Destroyed in Space Collision". Space.com. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
  6. ^ "Office for Outer Space Affairs". United Nations. Retrieved 12 February 2009. Reported as colliding with Iridum 33 (1997-051C) on 10/02/2009
  7. ^ "Russian and US satellites collide". BBC News. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2009. Russia has not commented on claims that the satellite was out of control.
  8. ^ "2 orbiting satellites collide 500 miles up". Associated Press. 11 February 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
  9. ^ "U.S. Space debris environment and operational updates" (PDF). NASA. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2010.