Cosmospora

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Cosmospora
Nectria stilbellae.jpg
Cosmospora stilbellae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
Order: Hypocreales
Family: Nectriaceae
Genus: Cosmospora
Rabenh. 1862
Type species
Cosmospora coccinea
Rabenh. 1862
Species

See text.

Cosmospora is a genus of ascomycete fungi in the family Nectriaceae.[1][2] The genus, as circumscribed by Rossman et al. (1998), included all the nectrioid species with small, reddish, non-ornamented sexual fruiting bodies that collapse laterally when dry.[1] However, the genus was shown to be polyphyletic,[3] and the majority of species were re-classified into revived or recently established genera that are monophyletic.[3][4] Cosmospora sensu Rossman housed members of the following genera: Chaetopsina, Cylindrocladiella, Fusicolla, Macroconia, Mariannaea, Microcera, Pseudocosmospora, Stylonectria, and Volutella.[2] Cosmospora was restricted to species having acremonium-like asexual morphs that grow on polypores and xylariaceous fungi.[3]

The name Cosmospora comes from Greek kosmos + spora, meaning ornamented spores.

Species[edit]

Cosmospora

Chaetopsina

Cylindrocladiella

Dialonectria

Fusicolla

Macroconia

Mariannaea

Microcera

Pseudocosmospora

Stylonectria

Volutella

Incertae sedis

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rossman, Amy Y.; Samuels, G.J.; Rogerson, C.T.; Lowen, R. (1999). "Genera of Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae and Nectriaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycetes)". Studies in Mycology. 42: 1–248. 
  2. ^ a b Lombard, L; van der Merwe, N.A.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Crous, P.W. (2015). "Generic concepts in Nectriaceae". Studies in Mycology. 80: 189–245. doi:10.1016/j.simyco.2014.12.002. 
  3. ^ a b c Gräfenhan, T.; Schroers, H.-J.; Nirenberg, H.I.; Seifert, K.A. (2011). "An overview of the taxonomy, phylogeny, and typification of nectriaceous fungi in Cosmospora, Acremonium, Fusarium, Stilbella, and Volutella". Studies in Mycology. 68: 79–113. doi:10.3114/sim.2011.68.04. 
  4. ^ Herrera, Cesar S.; Rossman, Amy Y.; Samuels, G.J.; Chaverri, P. (2013). "Pseudocosmospora, a new genus to accommodate Cosmospora vilior and related species". Mycologia. 105: 1287–1305. PMID 23921243. doi:10.3852/12-395. 

External links[edit]

Cosmospora in Index Fungorum