Cossack with musket

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Coat of arms of Zaporizhia Host
Herb Viyska Zaporozkogo (Alex K).svg
Versions
Herb Viyska Zaporozkogo Nyzovoho (Alex K).svg
Coat of arms of Zaporizhian Host (Lower)
Alex K Ukrainska Derzhava.svg
Coat of arms of the Ukrainian State (1918)[a]
Details
Adopted 1648
Crest Tryzub (variation)
Escutcheon Azure, cossack with rifle Or
Supporters None

Cossack with rifle, sometimes as Knight with rifle or Cossack with musket (Ukrainian: Лицар із самопалом, Lytsar iz samopalom) is a former national emblem of the Cossack Hetmanate (Zaporizhian Host) and later adopted as a national emblem of Malorossiya (Little Russia).[2] In 20th century it was the official national emblem of Ukrainian State.

Overlook[edit]

Sign of Ukrainian cossacks Otaman of the 16th century, Hryhoriy Loboda
A draft of the large coat of arms of Ukraine (Cossack with musket on the right)[b]

The literal translation of the emblem is "Knight with improvised weapon". However, samopal more precisely here means a general rifle rather than an improvised firearm. According to an arts studies specialist, samopal used to refer to any rifle but musket or carbine.

The origin of emblem is uncertain, while its first records date back to 1592. On the initiative of Pyotr Rumyantsev the emblem was phased out and replaced with the Russian double-head eagle in 1767.

The Cossack with rifle was recovered by the Hetman of Ukraine Pavlo Skoropadskyi in 1918. However, later the emblem disappeared again until in 2005 it reappeared on the proposed Great Seal of Ukraine.

According to the Constitution of Ukraine, the emblem has to be included into the Great Seal of Ukraine.

Description[edit]

Based on images of the Zaporizhian Host Coat of Arms, they define four iconographic types of the base coat of arms figure (cossack):

  1. Coat of Arms of Host (before 1648) body and head is turned three quarters to the left, feet pacing to the left, right arm hangs freely at a hip, left - holds stock of rifle at 45° angle to body
  2. Coat of Arms of Zaporizhian Host Municipal (1648-1670, Cossack Hetmanate) body and head is turned three quarters to the left, feet at shoulder width forward, right arm behind back, left - holds stock of rifle at 45° angle to body
  3. Coat of Arms of Zaporizhian Host Municipal (1670-1766, Left-bank Ukraine) body and head is turned three quarters to the left, feet at shoulder width forward, right arm at waist, left - holds stock of rifle at 90° angle to body
  4. Coat of Arms of Zaporizhian Host Lower (1670-1775, Zaporizhian Sich) body and head is turned three quarters to the left, feet at shoulder width forward, right arm at waist, left - holds stock of rifle at 90° angle to body, left near cossack available spear (at later versions to the left of the spear a structure)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ small coat of arms created by Heorhiy Narbut[1]
  2. ^ The coat of arms was adopted by the Cabinet of Ukraine in 2009, but has not yet been reviewed by the Verkhovna Rada.[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]