Costa Cruises

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Costa Crociere S.p.A.
HeadquartersGenoa, Italy
Key people
Mario Zanetti (President, CEO Costa Group)
Revenue$2.236 billion (2018)[1]
ParentCarnival Corporation & plc

Costa Crociere S.p.A. (Italian pronunciation: [ˈkɔsta kroˈtʃɛːre]), operating as Costa Cruises (Italian: Costa Crociere), is an Italian cruise line founded in 1854 and organized as a wholly owned subsidiary of Carnival Corporation & plc since 2000. Based in Genoa, Italy, the cruise line primarily caters to the Italian cruise market, but the company's 12 ships, which all sail under the Italian flag, provide itineraries sailing to countries globally.[2][3]


Founded in 1854 by Giacomo Costa as Giacomo Costa fu Andrea, the company originally operated cargo ships, carrying olive oils and textiles.[4] In 1924, the company was passed to the founder's sons (Federico, Eugenio and Enrico) and started commercial activities, buying the ship, Ravenna. In 1947, the name of the company was changed to Linea C.[5]

Commercial activities continued for one more year until 1948, with the introduction of passenger services,[4] beginning with regular services between Italy and South America operated by the ship, Anna C.[5] She marked the start of scheduled operations between Italy and South America after being the first ocean liner to cross the South Atlantic Ocean following World War II.[5]

In 1959, the company gradually transitioned into offering more pleasure holidays, with trips being offered in the Mediterranean and the Caribbean regions.[5] Linea C proceeded to take ownership of its first purpose-built cruise ship in 1964 and went on to own 12 more ships by 1980, making the company the owner of the world's largest fleet of passenger ships.[5] In 1986, Linea C changed its name to Costa Cruises and became a cruise-centered business.[5]

In March 1997, Carnival Corporation and Airtours PLC purchased Costa Cruises for $300 million.[6] At the time, Costa Cruises had been the leading European cruise line, with an estimated market share of 19%.[6] Carnival and Airtours both acquired 50% each of the company.[6]

Logo between 1998 and October 2021[7][8][9]

As subsidiary of Carnival Corporation & plc[edit]

In 2000, Carnival Corporation took full control of Costa Crociere after buying out Airtours' 50% interest for $525 million.[10] In 2002, Carnival Corporation and P&O Princess Cruises merged to form Carnival Corporation & plc, bringing together both companies' assets under one corporation.[11] As of 2018, Costa accounted for approximately 12% of Carnival Corporation & plc's revenue.[1]

In 2004, Costa Crociere purchased control of AIDA Cruises in Germany.[12] In 2007, Carnival Corporation and Orizonia Group created Ibero Cruises in a joint venture.[13] Ibero was absorbed into Costa Cruises in 2014.[14]

In 2012, the company gained international attention when Costa Concordia ran aground and capsized off the coast of Italy on 13 January 2012.[15] Thirty-two people died in the disaster.[15] Six weeks later, the company made headlines again when a fire on Costa Allegra left it drifting without power for 13 hours in waters near Somalia frequented by pirates, before the ship was taken under tow.[16]

In February 2018, Costa announced its partnership with football club, Juventus.[17]

In December 2019, Costa debuted Costa Smeralda and became the second cruise line to operate a cruise ship fully powered by liquefied natural gas (LNG), following AIDA's AIDAnova one year earlier.[18] Costa Smeralda is to be joined by her sister LNG ship, Costa Toscana, in 2021. On 30 January 2020 Costa Smeralda was quarantined along with some 6,000 passengers at the Italian port of Civitavecchia following two suspected cases of COVID-19.[19]

Market position and demographics[edit]

As of 2015, Italians accounted for 25 to 30% of bookings on most Costa cruise holidays, followed by the French, the Germans, and the Spanish.[20] North Americans only made up approximately between 5 and 15% of the passengers aboard most ships.[20] English is also mandated as the "universal" language on every Costa ship, and all crew members are required to be able to communicate in it.[20]

During an interview with Travel Pulse in 2015, Scott Knutson, vice president of sales and marketing for Costa Cruises North America, shared his thoughts on Costa's position in the cruise industry and its ways of adapting to an international audience:

The most important thing to keep in mind is that we are an international product. We are uniquely positioned as the only international brand that hasn’t adapted its product to the American market. That authenticity allows us to go to a certain segment of the market. It’s those vacationers who like the international experience—the food, the wine, the service.[20]

Temporary shutdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

Most cruises around the world were cancelled in March 2020 due to the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic.[21] As of September 2020, the no-sail rule by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention prohibited cruising in the U.S. until October 31, 2020 at the earliest but other countries had already allowed for cruises to recommence.[22]

Costa began new sailings on 6 September in Italy, initially with two ships, Costa Deliziosa and Costa Diadema. At that time, the line required all passengers to be from Italy. By 27 September 2020, however, "Costa Cruises will be available for all European citizens who are residents in any of the countries listed in the most recent decree from the Prime Minister of Italy" according to a news report. The company had implemented strict health protocols to protect its staff and guests.[23]

A report on 9 January 2021 stated some cruise lines were hoping to resume some sailings in Europe in the near future but added that "it remains to be seen whether this will go ahead with much of the continent still in lockdown".[24] Costa's Web site at that time was indicating no sailings in January but was hoping to start on 28 February with the Costa Firenze, on 2 April with the Costa Deliziosa on 3 April with the Costa Magica, and so on. Only Italian ports would be used initially, and the gradual restart would accept only guests from Italy.[25]


Current fleet[edit]

Ship Built Builder Entered service
for Costa
Gross tonnage Flag Notes Image
Fortuna (Triumph) class
Costa Fortuna 2003 Fincantieri 2003 102,587 Italy Identical to Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory
Concordia class
Costa Serena 2007 Fincantieri 2007 114,500 Italy Concordia class Costa Serena in Hakata port.jpg
Costa Pacifica 2009 Fincantieri 2009 114,500 Italy Concordia class
Costa Favolosa 2011 Fincantieri 2011 114,500 Italy Modified Concordia class
Costa Fascinosa 2012 Fincantieri 2012 114,500 Italy Modified Concordia class Costa Fascinosa in 2018.18.jpg
Luminosa class (Hybrid Spirit/Vista class)
Costa Luminosa 2009 Fincantieri 2009 92,720 Italy Hybrid design between Atlantica- and Vista-class ships
Costa Deliziosa 2010 Fincantieri 2010 92,720 Italy Hybrid design between Atlantica- and Vista-class ships 42DSCF0778 Deliziosa am Nordkapp.jpg
Diadema (Dream) class
Costa Diadema 2014 Fincantieri 2014 133,019 Italy Modified Dream-class ship
Venezia (Vista) class
Costa Venezia 2019 Fincantieri 2019 135,225 Italy Modified Vista-class ship
Originally planned to serve the Chinese market but later amended to the Mediterranean.[26]
COSTA VENEZIA 20190513-2 (cropped).jpg
Costa Firenze 2020[27] Fincantieri 2020 135,500 Italy Modified Vista-class ship
Originally planned to serve the Chinese market but later amended to the Mediterranean.[26]
Costa Firenze 2021.jpg
Excellence class
Costa Smeralda 2019 Meyer Turku 2019 185,010[28] Italy Largest ship built for Costa Cruises. Powered by LNG. Costa Smeralda Storebælt IV (cropped).jpg
Costa Toscana 2021[29] Meyer Turku 2021 185,010 Italy Sister ship to Costa Smeralda.

Powered by LNG.

Former fleet[edit]

Ship In Costa service Notes Image
Giovanna C 1947–1953
Luisa C 1947–1955 Built as the Asanao in 1919. Sold and renamed Robert Luckenbach in 1922.
After service with Costa, she was sold in 1955 and renamed Sula. Scrapped in 1959.
Maria C 1947–1953 Scrapped in 1953. USS Rappahannock (AF-6) underway off Pensacola, Florida (USA), in July 1924 (NH 105186).jpg
Andrea C 1948–1981 Built in 1942 as the Ocean ship, Ocean Virtue. Converted for passenger use in 1948.
Scrapped in 1982.
"Andrea C" - La Spezia, 1982.jpg
Anna C 1948–1971 Formerly Prince Line's Southern Prince. Requisitioned as HMS Southern Prince in World War II.
Scrapped after a serious fire in 1971.
The Royal Navy during the Second World War A9986.jpg
Franca C 1952–1977 Was one of the world's oldest active cruise ships when finally retired from service in 2009. Laid up until 2015, then converted to a land locked hotel in Bintan, Indonesia from 2016 to 2019 and renamed Doulos Phos, The Ship Hotel Postcard of the FRANCA C..jpg
Federico C 1958–1983 Abandoned and sank in 2000 after engine room flooded. Federico C - Genova - 1958.jpg
Bianca C. 1959–1961 Sank on 24 October 1961 following an explosion and fire in the engine room.[30] Nave "Bianca C", Genova (1959).jpg
Enrico C
Enrico Costa
1965–1994 Sold to MSC Cruises in 1994 and renamed Symphony. Scrapped in 2001. "Enrico Costa" - Genoa, 1992.jpg
Eugenio C 1966–1996 Sold in 1996 by Costa Cruises to Bremer Vulcan shipyard in part exchange for the construction of the Costa Victoria. Resold and saw further service as Edinburgh Castle for Direct Cruises and as The Big Red Boat II for Premier Cruises. Laid up from 2000 until 2005. Scrapped in Alang in 2005. TN Eugenio C.jpg
Carla C
Carla Costa
1967–1992 Scrapped in Aliaga in 1994 after a fire destroyed the ship. "Pallas Athena" - Istanbul, 1992.jpg
Flavia 1968–1982 Formerly the Cunard Line's RMS Media. Scrapped in 1989 in Kaohsiung after a fire. "Flavia" - Miami, 1981.JPG
Fulvia C 1969–1970 Sank on 20 July 1970 following an explosion and fire in the engine room.
Anna C 1971–1981 Built in October 1955 at Wilton-Fijenoord, Schiedam yard in the Netherlands.
LOA 150.3m, 19.2m, DWT 10,272, Flag Panama, Class Registro Italiano Navale.
Sold in 1981 to Chaldeos Freighters Ltd and renamed Damenham.
Sold in 1984 to Geofman International for demolition and beached at Gadani on 2 July 1984[31]
Italia 1974–1983 Scrapped in 2010 at Alang as Sapphire. "Italia" - Piraeus, 1980.jpg
Angelina Lauro 1977–1979 Chartered from Lauro Lines. The ship was destroyed by fire while docked
in Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands on 30 March 1979.
The ship later sank on 24 September 1979 while being towed to a scrapyard.
World Renaissance 1977–1981 Chartered from Epirotiki from 1977 until the early 1980s.[32]
Scrapped in Alang in 2010.
Danae C 1979–1992 Scrapped in Aliağa in 2015. Costa Danae.jpg
Daphne C 1979–1997 Scrapped in Alang in 2014. Daphné - 1992.jpg
Amerikanis 1980–1984 Chartered from the Chandris Line between 1980 and 1984.
Scrapped in Alang in 2001.[33]
Columbus C 1981–1984 Formerly an ocean liner before being converted into cruise ship.
Struck a breakwater in 1984 and partially sank, then scrapped.
"Columbus C" - Miami, 1984.jpg
Costa Riviera 1981–2002 Scrapped in Alang in 2002. MS Costa Riviera (4190594226).jpg
Costa Playa 1995–1998 Scrapped in China in 2009.
Costa Tropicale 2001–2005 Previously Tropicale for Carnival Cruise Line. Scrapped in Alang in 2021 Costa Tropicale MN (cropped).jpg
Costa Europa 2002–2010 Sold to Thomson Cruises in 2010. Retired from service in 2020. Currently laid up in Eleusis Bay, Greece with uncertain future. (Expected to be sold for scrap) MS Costa Europa (5650282308) (cropped).jpg
Costa Voyager 2011–2014 Previously sailed as Grand Voyager for Iberocruceros. Sold in 2014 to Bohai Ferry Company and now Chinese Taishan. Costa Voyager 02.JPG
Costa neoRiviera 2013–2019 Previously Mistral for Festival Cruises and Grand Mistral For Ibero Cruises.[34] Transferred to AIDA Cruises and operating as AIDAmira from December 2019.[35] Costa neo Riviera IMO 9172777 05 @chesi.JPG
Marina class
Costa Marina 1988–2011 Converted container ship. Scrapped at Alang in 2014. Costa Marina.jpg
Costa Allegra 1989–2012 Converted container ship. Withdrawn from service following an engine room fire on 27 February 2012 and Scrapped in Aliaga.[36] Costa Allegra in Split on 2011-07-08 (2).jpg
Classica class
Costa Classica
Costa neoClassica
1991–2018 Originally Costa Classica, she received a €18 million refit in 2014 and renamed Costa neoClassica. Left the fleet in March 2018 after being sold to Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line and now operating as Grand Classica [37] Costa neoClassica sto argostoli.jpg
Costa Romantica
Costa neoRomantica
1993-2020 Originally Costa Romantica, received a €90 million refit in 2012 adding two half decks and was renamed Costa neoRomantica.

The ship was sold to Celestyal Cruises renamed Celestyal Experience and left the fleet in 2020.[38] Celestyal Cruises resold her in 2021 after which she was sold to the Gadani Ship Breaking Yard in Pakistan for scrapping. It was beached for scrapping on 3 December 2021.[39][40]

Costa neoRomantica 2012 Hamburg 06.jpg
Victoria class
Costa Victoria 1996–2020 Sold to Genova Trasporti Marittimi in June 2020 in Piombino and thereafter resold and Beached on 28 January 2021 in Aliağa for scrap.[41][42] "Costa Victoria" - Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 2012 (cropped).jpg
Costa Olympia Never entered service Originally ordered for Costa Cruises and was to be the sister ship of Costa Victoria. Its construction was halted following the financial collapse of Bremer Vulkan shipyard. The unfinished hull was sold to Norwegian Cruise Lines and was completed as Norwegian Sky. NCLSkyCozumel (cropped).jpg
Spirit class
Costa Atlantica 2000–2020 Sold to CSSC Carnival Cruise Shipping in November 2018 and transferred in January 2020.[43][44] MS Costa Atlantica.jpg
Costa Mediterranea 2003–2021 Sold to CSSC Carnival Cruise Shipping in November 2018 and scheduled to be transferred to a new Chinese cruise line in 2021.[45] Reported handed over in October 2021.[citation needed]
Concordia class
Costa Concordia 2006–2012 Ran aground, capsized, and partially sunk on 13 January 2012. It was later deemed a total constructive loss and the shipwreck was later removed and scrapped in Genoa. Costa Concordia in Palma, Majorca, Spain.JPG
Costa Splendor Never entered service Originally ordered for Costa Cruises but transferred during construction to Carnival Cruise Line and became Carnival Splendor. Carnival Splendor 2009.jpg
Holiday class
Costa Celebration Never entered service Previously Celebration for Carnival Cruise Line and Grand Celebration for Iberocruceros. Inherited from Iberocruceros after its operations were discontinued and merged into Costa's. She underwent a refit and was renamed. However on the day before the ship was scheduled to depart on her inaugural voyage with Costa, she was sold to Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line.[46] It was scrapped in Alang in 2021. Grand Celebration Rhodes 2012 (2).jpg
Fortuna (Triumph) class
Costa Magica 2004–2022 Identical to Carnival Triumph and Carnival Victory, it is scheduled to be transferred to Carnival Cruise Line in mid-2022.[47] It has since been removed from the Costa website as of December 2021.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also Carnival Cruise Line's accidents and incidents for incidents associated with the parent company's other cruise operations.

MV Bianca C. fire and sinking[edit]

On 22 October 1961, Bianca C. was off Grenada when an explosion occurred in the engine room. Two crew members died in the explosion and the ship subsequently caught on fire. Local fishermen helped rescue the passengers and crew, but as the local authorities did not have the equipment to extinguish the fire, the ship was left to burn until the British frigate HMS Londonderry arrived from Puerto Rico. The burning ship was in the main anchorage and would block the harbour if it sank there, so the Londonderry towed it to a different location where the Bianca C. sank on 24 October 1961.[30]

Costa Concordia capsizing[edit]

Costa Concordia capsized on reef

On 13 January 2012, Costa Concordia ran aground off Isola del Giglio in Tuscany. The ship capsized and partially sank, killing 32 people. In 2014, the ship was parbuckled and refloated with caissons, and in July 2014, she was towed to the Port of Genoa over a period of five days, where it was dismantled and eventually scrapped.[48] The total cost of the disaster was estimated to be over $2 billion.[49]

On 11 February 2015, the captain at the helm during the sinking, Francesco Schettino, was found guilty by an Italian court of multiple manslaughter, causing the shipwreck, and abandoning his passengers.[50] He was sentenced to 16 years in prison.[50] An Italian appeals court on 31 May 2016 upheld the 16-year prison sentence.[51]

Costa Allegra engine room fire[edit]

On 27 February 2012, Costa Allegra suffered an engine room fire and went adrift in the Indian Ocean. After several days adrift without power, the ship was towed to the Seychelles island of Desroches, but was unable to dock there. She was then towed to Mahé, Seychelles, where the passengers disembarked. No casualties were reported.

On 9 March 2012, it was announced that Costa Allegra would not return to service with Costa, and she was given to Themis Maritime Ltd ship company.[52] In late 2012, Costa Allegra was beached at Aliaga, Turkey, for scrapping.[53]




  1. ^ a b "2018 World Wide Market Share". Cruise Market Watch. Cruise Market Watch. 2 December 2019.
  2. ^ "Company profile Archived 2010-04-09 at the Wayback Machine." Costa Cruises. Retrieved on January 20, 2010.
  3. ^ "Dati Societari Archived 2010-12-06 at the Wayback Machine." Costa Cruises. Retrieved on 15 January 2012. "Sede legale: Piazza Piccapietra 48, 16121 Genova - Italia"
  4. ^ a b "Costa Celebrates 60 Years of History". (in British English). 27 March 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Coulter, Adam (1 November 2018). "Costa Cruises History". Cruise Critic.
  6. ^ a b c "Carnival, Airtours Sign Costa Pact: Travel Weekly". Travel Weekly. 19 March 1997.
  7. ^ "Costa Cruises homepage". Costa Cruises. 21 May 1998. Archived from the original on 21 May 1998. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Costa Cruises homepage". Costa Cruises. 5 December 1998. Archived from the original on 5 December 1998. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Costa presents a new way of cruise travel" (PDF). Costa Cruises. 4 October 2021. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  10. ^ Blum, Ernest (29 August 2000). "Carnival Corp. to buy 100% of Costa". Travel Weekly.
  11. ^ Clark, Andrew; correspondent, transport (25 October 2002). "Carnival wins P&O Princess". The Guardian (in British English). ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  12. ^ "Seetours re-brands as Aida Cruises". FVW. 4 October 2004. Archived from the original on 31 October 2019.
  13. ^ Cogswell, David (8 February 2007). "Carnival to partner with Iberojet Cruceros in joint venture". Travel Weekly.
  14. ^ Faust, Mike (27 March 2014). "Ibero Cruises To Be Absorbed Into Costa Cruises". Cruise Currents.
  15. ^ a b "Concordia skipper's sentence upheld" (in British English). 31 May 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  16. ^ "Costa ship adrift off Seychelles" (in British English). 27 February 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  17. ^ Staff, CIN (6 February 2018). "Costa and Juventus Partnership Kicks Off Aboard Costa Serena" (in British English). Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  18. ^ "Costa to Build Two New Ships". Cruise Industry News. 28 July 2015.
  19. ^ "6,000 passengers stuck on cruise ship in Italy over coronavirus fears". 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  20. ^ a b c d Shillinglaw, Greg (30 March 2015). "Sailing Italian Style". TravelPulse.
  21. ^ "Carnival selling 18 cruise ships amid financial struggles and U.S., Canada no-sail orders". National Post per Washington Post. 17 September 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  22. ^ "To cruise or not to cruise. Loyalists face a dilemma". LA Times. 10 September 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  23. ^ "FIRST LARGE CRUISE LINE WITH 2 SHIPS BACK IN OPERATION". Travel Off Path. 20 September 2020. As of 19 September "Costa became the first large cruise line to relaunch the operations of a second ship"
  24. ^ "CRUISE LINES EXTEND SUSPENSIONS FURTHER INTO 2021". Travel Off Path. 9 January 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2021. CRUISE LINES EXTEND SUSPENSIONS FURTHER INTO 2021
  25. ^ "We are hoping to resume with the following start dates". Travel Off Path. 9 January 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2021. we are pleased to announce the restart of operations from Italian ports. Initially, it will be a gradual restart from our Italian ports reserved exclusively for our Italian Guests.
  26. ^ a b "Costa to Deploy Venezia to Europe as Another Ship Leaves China". 20 September 2021.
  27. ^ "Handover Of Costa Firenze, The Ship Inspired By The Beauty Of The Renaissance" (Press release). Costa Cruises. 22 December 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2021 – via
  28. ^ "Costa Smeralda (9781889)". Leonardo Info. Registro Italiano Navale. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  29. ^ "Costa Toscana Delivered From Meyer Turku". Cruise Industry News. 2 December 2021. Archived from the original on 2 December 2021. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  30. ^ a b Myers, Robby (3 December 2018). "The History of Grenada's Bianca C Shipwreck". Scuba Diving.
  31. ^ "Oldekerk - ID 4847" (in Dutch). Rotterdam: Stichting Maritiem-Historische Databank. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  32. ^ "Renaissance". Simplon Postcards.
  33. ^ "Kenya Castle". Simplon Postcards.
  34. ^ "Grand Mistral South America season cancelled, ship transferred to Costa". 29 August 2013.
  35. ^ "AIDAmira Christened". Cruise Industry News. 1 December 2019.
  36. ^ Dixon, Gary (3 September 2012). "Costa Allegra scrapped". TradeWinds.
  37. ^ Staff, CIN (2 August 2017). "Costa Confirms: Victoria Back to Europe, neoClassica Sold".
  38. ^ cruise, industrynews (16 July 2020). "Celestyal Purchases Costa neoRomantica".
  39. ^ "Antares Experience beached At Gadani". Gadani Ship Breaking. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  40. ^ "Weekly Vessel Scrapping Report: 2021 Week 42". Ship & Bunker. Archived from the original on 22 October 2021. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  41. ^ "Costa Victoria arrivata a Piombino ma non potrà essere demolita in Italia". Shipping Italy (in Italian). 23 June 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  42. ^ Jainchill, Johanna (29 June 2020). "Costa Victoria sold for scrap". Travel Weekly. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  43. ^ Mathisen, Monty (6 November 2018). "Costa Atlantica and Mediterranea Sold to New Chinese Brand". Cruise Industry News. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  44. ^ Si, Katherine (13 January 2020). "CSSC Carnival Cruise Shipping takes delivery of Costa Atlantica". Seatrade Cruise News. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  45. ^ "Five Ships to Leave Costa Fleet by May 2021". 26 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  46. ^ "Costa Cruises sells the ship and cancels the trip - The Medi Telegraph". Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  47. ^ "Carnival Cruise Line to Get Two More Ships by 2023". 23 June 2021. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  48. ^ "Costa Concordia reaches Genoa's main port for scrapping after 200-mile journey from wreckage site". The Independent. 27 July 2014.
  49. ^ "Costa Concordia capsizing costs over $2 billion for owners". Reuters. 6 July 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  50. ^ a b "Costa Concordia captain Schettino guilty of manslaughter". BBC World News. 11 February 2015.
  51. ^ "Costa Concordia "Captain's Prison Sentence Upheld by Italian Court"". Time. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  52. ^ Hannah Sampson (10 March 2012). "Micky Arison on Costa Concordia accident: "I am very sorry it happened."". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  53. ^ Gene Sloan (9 March 2012). "Fire-damaged cruise ship Costa Allegra will not return". USAToday. Retrieved 19 March 2012.


  • Ceserani, Gian Paolo; Piccione, Paolo (1998). Costa Crociere: cinquant'anni di stile [Costa Cruises: fifty years of style] (in Italian). Cinisello Balsamo, Milano: Silvana Editoriale. ISBN 8882150976.
  • Dellacasa, Erika (2012). I Costa: storia di una famiglia e di un'impresa [The Costas: the story of a family and a business] (in Italian). Venezia: Marsilio Editori. ISBN 9788831713030.
  • Peter, Bruce (2012). Costa Cruises. Ramsey, Isle of Man: Ferry Publications. ISBN 9781906608408.
  • Piccione, Paolo, ed. (2002). Costa crociere: ritratto di una flotta : storia per immagini delle navi Costa [Costa Cruises: portrait of a fleet: picture story of the Costa ships] (in Italian). Cinisello Balsamo, Milano: Silvana Editoriale. ISBN 888215386X.
  • Piccione, Paolo; Fochessati, Matteo (2003). Crociere nell'Arte: arte a bordo delle navi Italiane [Cruising into art: art on board Italian liners] (in Italian and English). Genova: Tormeno. ISBN 8884800595.
  • Piccione, Paolo; Ceserani, Gian Paolo; Palazzini, Fiora Steinbach (2008). Sessant'anni di crociere Costa: 1948-2008 [Sixty Years of cruising with Costa: 1948-2008] (in Italian). Cinisello Balsamo, Milano: Silvana Editoriale. OCLC 860565092.

External links[edit]