Costa Rican general election, 1940

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Costa Rican general election, 1940
Costa Rica
← 1936 February 11, 1940 1944 →
Turnout 11,2559
  Calderón Guardia 1940 cropped.jpg No image.png No image.png
Nominee Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia Manuel Mora Valverde Virgilio Salazar Leiva
Party National Republican People's Vanguard Guanacastecan Brotherhood
Home state San José San José Guanacaste
Popular vote 82173 44435
Percentage 84.5% 9.8% 5.7%

President before election

León Cortés Castro
National Republican

Elected President

Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia
National Republican

Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Costa Rica

General elections were held in Costa Rica on 11 February 1940.[1] Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia of the Independent National Republican Party won the presidential election. Voter turnout was 80.8% in the presidential election and 65.6% in the parliamentary election.[2]

Since 1938, two tendencies had begun to emerge in the ranks of the Republican Party, one revolving around the popular ex president Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno and another around the young doctor and charismatic politician Rafael Angel Calderón Guardia.[3] Jiménez, however, an old man, would gradually leave power and influence, and the "Jimenismo" lost ground to Calderonism, which also has full support from the government chaired by León Cortés Castro who pressures Jiménez into retirement.[3]

To prevent a triumph of the Calderonismo a coalition was tried between the Communist Party, a faction of the jimenismo and the Social Democratic Guanacastecan Brotherhood called National Democratic Alliance, nevertheless when Jiménez declines to be candidate this is broken so the parties that integrate it ran separately. During the National Republican Convention Calderón is selected presidential nominee and wins the elections.[3]



Candidate Party Votes %
Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia Independent National Republican Party 92,849 84.5
Manuel Mora Workers and Farmers Party 10,825 9.8
Virgilio Salazar Leiva Confraternidad Guanacasteca 6,242 5.7
Invalid/blank votes 2,643 -
Total 112,559 100
Source: Nohlen


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p155 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, p156
  3. ^ a b c Rodriguez Vega, Eugenio. Costa Rica en el siglo veinte. Costa Rica: =Costa Rica en el siglo veinte.