Costa Rican general election, 2010

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Costa Rican general election, 2010
Costa Rica
← 2006 February 7, 2010[1] 2014 →
Turnout 69.1%
  Laura-Chinchilla-cropped.jpg Ottón Solís Fallas, PAC - Costa Rica.JPG Otto Guevara.jpg
Candidate Laura Chinchilla Miranda Ottón Solís Fallas Otto Guevara Guth
Party National Liberation Citizens' Action Libertarian Movement
Home state San José San José San José
Percentage 46.91%[1] 25.06%[1] 20.92%[1]
Presidential vote 896,516 [1] 478.877[1] 399.788[1]
Legislative vote 708,043 334,636 275,518
Seats 24 11 9
Seat change Decrease 1 Decrease 6 Increase 3

  Oscarlopez.jpg MayraGonzalezLeonWiki.jpg
Candidate Luis Fishman Zonzinski Óscar Lopez Arias Mayra González León
Party Social Christian Unity Accessibility without Exclusion Costa Rican Renewal
Home state San José San José San José
Percentage 3.8%[1] 1%[1] 0.9%[1]
Presidential vote 74.114 [1] 36.104 [1] 13.945[1]
Legislative vote 155,047 171,858 73,150
Seats 6 4 1
Seat change Increase 1 Increase 3 Increase 1

  Eugenio Trejos.jpg
Candidate Eugenio Trejos Benavides
Party Broad Front
Home state Heredia
Percentage 0.6%[1]
Presidential vote 6.782 [1]
Legislative vote 68,987
Seats 1
Seat change No change

Costa Rica general election 2010 - Legislative & Presidential Election Results.svg
Map on the left shows the seats won by each party by province. The map on the right shows which party won the plurality in each province in the Presidential election.

President before election

Oscar Arias
National Liberation

Elected President

Laura Chinchilla
National Liberation

Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Costa Rica

Costa Rica held parliamentary and presidential elections on February 7, 2010. The ruling party before the election, the center-left National Liberation Party, put forward former Vice-President Laura Chinchilla as its presidential candidate, while the libertarian, Movimiento Libertario nominated former legislator Otto Guevara. Opinion polls before voting started consistently put Chinchilla as the front-runner, a trend confirmed in the election-night count, which showed her garnering 46.76% of the vote.[2]

The election was supervised by observers from several countries, as well as from the Organization of American States.[3] The incumbent President, Óscar Arias, was ineligible to run for a second consecutive term.

Presidential candidates[edit]

Candidates included:

Parliamentary elections[edit]

The swifting from a two-party system to a multi-party system was much more evident in this election[4][5][6][7]

For the then three major parties; PLN, PAC and ML the voting for the presidential ballot was superior to the support in the legislative, as for example PLN presidential candidate Laura Chinchilla[4] received 46%[8] of the votes and PLN’s legislative ballot only 37%.[1] Similarly PAC’s candidate Ottón Solís with 25%[8] presidential against 17% legislative[1] and Otto Guevara with 20%[8] oppose to 14% legislative.[1] Contrary to PUSC whose candidate Luis Fishman received 3%[8] electoral support while his party received 8%. [1]

This was PAC’s worst electoral result in its history having the smallest faction in the Parliament[5] and ML’s best result with to this date its biggest.[5] PLN only lost one seat. Left-wing Broad Front maintained its only seat in the person of future presidential nominee José María Villalta Florez-Estrada[5] and two Christian parties[9] for the first time had deputies at the same time; Costa Rican Renewal Party and its provincial offshoot National Restoration.[5]

Opinion polling[edit]

  • CID-Gallup 24 January 2010: Chinchilla 43%; Guevara 30%; Solís 15%; Fishman 8%
  • Borge & Asociados for Diario Extra opinion poll January 2010: Chinchilla 38.7%; Guevara 18.3%; Solís 9.6%; Fishman 3.7%
  • Demoscopía for Al Día January 2010: Chinchilla 45.1%; Guevara 30.1%; Solís 9.5%; Fishman 3.8 %[10]
  • December 2009: Chinchilla 36.7%; Guevara 16.2%; Solís 8.5%; Fishman 2.2%
  • December 2009: Chinchilla 46.6%; Guevara 19.5%; Solís 8.3%; Fishman 4.1%
  • October 2009: Chinchilla 53.0%; Guevara 15.7%; Solís 12.3%; Fishman 1.5%

Results[edit]

President[edit]

At 9:08 p.m. local time on election day, February 7, second-placed candidate Otton Solis conceded defeat to Laura Chinchilla, who will become Costa Rica's first female president. With approximately 40% of the vote counted, Chinchilla was consistently surpassing the 40% threshold for victory in the first round, leading Solis by 47% to 24%, with third-placed candidate Otto Guevara trailing at 21.5%.[11]

Candidate Party Votes %
Laura Chinchilla National Liberation Party 863,803 46.78
Ottón Solís Citizens' Action Party 464,454 25.15
Otto Guevara Libertarian Movement 384,540 20.83
Luis Fishman Social Christian Unity Party 71,330 3.86
Óscar López Accessibility without Exclusion 35,215 1.91
Mayra González Costa Rican Renewal Party 13,376 0.72
Eugenio Trejos Broad Front 6,822 0.37
Rolando Araya Patriotic Alliance Party 3,795 0.21
Walter Muñoz National Integration Party 3,198 0.17
Invalid/blank votes 39,514
Total 1,950,847 100
Registered voters/turnout 2,822,491 69.12
Source: TSE
Popular Vote
National Liberation
46.78%
Citizens' Action
25.15%
Libertarian Movement
20.83%
Social Christian Unity
3.86%
Acc. w/o Exclusion
1.91%
Costa Rican Renewal
0.72%
Broad Front
0.37%

By province[edit]

Province % PLN % PAC % ML % PUSC % PASE % PRC % Other %
 San José 46.6 28.9 17.6 3.6 2.1 0.6 0.6
 Alajuela 45.3 26.5 21.9 3.2 1.8 0.8 0.5
 Cartago 49.7 23.5 19.4 4.2 2.1 0.4 0.7
 Heredia 46.6 27.6 19.5 3.2 1.8 0.6 0.7
 Puntarenas 48.9 17.3 26.7 4.4 1.3 0.8 0.6
 Limón 41.6 17.5 31.4 5.0 1.7 1.9 0.9
 Guanacaste 51.4 15.9 23.3 6.1 1.6 1.2 0.6
Total 46.8 25.1 20.9 3.9 1.9 0.7 0.8

Legislative Assembly[edit]

Legislative Assembly-Popular vote
National Liberation
37.16%
Citizens' Action
17.68%
Libertarian Movement
14.48%
Acc. w/o Exclusion
9.17%
Social Christian Unity
8.05%
Costa Rican Renewal
3.97%
Broad Front
3.66%
National Restoration
1.62%
Patriotic Alliance
1.47%
Other
1.22%
Legislative Assembly-Seats
National Liberation
42.10%
Citizens' Action
19.29%
Libertarian Movement
15.79%
Social Christian Unity
10.52%
Acc. w/o Exclusion
7.01%
Costa Rican Renewal
1.75%
Broad Front
1.75%
National Restoration
1.75%
Asamblea Legislativa de Costa Rica 2010-2014 2.png
Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Liberation Party 708,043 37.3 24 –1
Citizens' Action Party 334,636 17.6 11 –6
Libertarian Movement 275,518 14.5 9 +3
Social Christian Unity Party 155,047 8.2 6 +1
Accessibility without Exclusion 171,858 9.0 4 +3
Costa Rican Renewal Party 73,150 3.9 1 +1
Broad Front 68,987 3.6 1 0
National Restoration Party 29,530 1.6 1 0
Patriotic Alliance Party 28,349 1.5 0 New
National Integration Party 14,643 0.8 0 0
Cartago Agrarian Union Party 11,862 0.6 0 0
Heredia Restoration Party 7,953 0.4 0 New
Alajuela Restoration Party 7,298 0.4 0 New
Cartaginese Transparency Party 4,590 0.2 0 New
Green Ecologist Party 2,901 0.2 0 New
Elderly Alliance Party 2,724 0.1 0 New
Alajuelan Familiar Force Party 1,609 0.1 0 New
Workers' and Farmers' Movement 1,127 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 32,883
Total 1,950,708 100 57 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,822,491 69.1
Source: Election Resources

By province[edit]

Province PLN PAC ML PUSC PASE PRC FA PREN PAP Other
 % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S
 San José 35.5 7 19.0 4 12.3 2 7.4 2 11.1 2 3.0 1 4.7 1 4.3 1 1.1 0 1.6 0
 Alajuela 38.2 5 19.9 2 16.5 2 6.5 1 8.5 1 6.5 0 1.3 0 2.0 0 1.9 0 0.8 0
 Cartago 38.9 3 17.0 1 13.1 1 7.6 1 7.9 1 2.8 0 2.8 0 - 0 1.2 0 8.5 0
 Heredia 37.0 2 19.1 2 13.9 1 7.3 0 8.7 0 2.9 0 4.8 0 4.0 0 1.9 0 0.5 0
 Puntarenas 39.7 2 14.3 1 18.6 1 13.8 1 5.1 0 4.3 0 2.2 0 - 0 1.1 0 1.0 0
 Limón 33.3 2 12.0 1 20.1 1 10.2 1 5.6 0 8.6 0 7.3 1 - 0 1.2 0 1.8 0
 Guanacaste 43.1 3 11.6 0 13.5 1 11.0 0 10.0 0 5.1 0 2.2 0 - 0 3.1 0 0.3 0
Total 37.3 24 17.6 11 14.5 9 8.2 6 9.0 4 3.9 1 3.6 1 2.4 1 1.5 0 2.0 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "February 7, 2010 Legislative Assembly Election Results - Costa Rica Totals". Election Resources. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  2. ^ (in Spanish)
  3. ^ Jara, Francisco (2010-02-06). "AFP: First female poised for Costa Rica presidency". Google.com. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  4. ^ a b "Panorama of Parliament Elections 2010" (PDF). International Parliamentary Union. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Lehring, Gary (February 15, 2014). "Costa Rican legislative elections show growing voter dissatisfaction with traditional choices". The Tico Times. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  6. ^ Landsford, Tom. Political Handbook of the World 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  7. ^ Landsford, Tom. Political Handbook of the World 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d "February 7, 2010 Presidential Election Results - Costa Rica Totals". Elections Resources. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  9. ^ Lopez, Jaime (July 18, 2013). "Civic Groups Move Against Gay Marriage in Costa Rica". Costa Rica Star. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  10. ^ "Chinchilla Leads, Guevara Gains in Costa Rica: Angus Reid Global Monitor". Angus-reid.com. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  11. ^ "Solís reconoce victoria de Chinchilla - EL PAÍS". nacion.com. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 

Bruce M. Wilson and Juan Carlos Rodríguez-Cordero: "The general election in Costa Rica, February 2010". In Electoral Studies, Volume 30, Issue 1, March 2011, pages 231-234.