Amalfi Coast

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Costiera Amalfitana
Sentier des dieux-Positano-gb.JPG
View of the Amalfi Coast
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Italy Edit this on Wikidata
Criteria ii, iv, v[1]
Reference 830
Coordinates 40°38′N 14°36′E / 40.633°N 14.600°E / 40.633; 14.600Coordinates: 40°38′N 14°36′E / 40.633°N 14.600°E / 40.633; 14.600
Inscription 1997 (21st Session)
Website www.amalficoastweb.com/index_italiano.html
Amalfi Coast is located in Italy
Amalfi Coast
Location of Amalfi Coast

The Amalfi Coast (Italian: Costiera Amalfitana) is a stretch of coastline on the southern coast of the Salerno Gulf on the Tyrrhenian Sea, located in the Province of Salerno of southern Italy.

The Amalfi Coast is a popular tourist destination for the region and Italy as a whole, attracting thousands of tourists annually.[2] In 1997, the Amalfi Coast was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[3]

History[edit]

During the 10th–11th centuries, the Duchy of Amalfi existed on the territory of the Amalfi Coast, centered in the town of Amalfi. The Amalfi coast was later controlled by the Principality of Salerno, until Amalfi was sacked by the Republic of Pisa in 1137.[4]

Geography[edit]

Like the rest of the region, the Amalfi Coast lies in a Mediterranean climate, featuring warm summers and mild winters. It is located on the relatively steep southern shore of the Sorrentine Peninsula, leaving little room for rural and agricultural territories.[5] The coast comprises 11,231 hectares between the Gulf of Naples and the Gulf of Salerno.[6] The only land route to the Amalfi Coast is the 40 kilometres (25 mi) long Strada Statale 163 which runs along the coastline from the town of Vietri sul Mare in the east to Positano in the west. Thirteen municipalities are located on the Amalfi Coast, many of them centered on tourism.[7]

Municipalities[edit]

Municipality Frazioni Attractions
Vietri sul Mare Albori, Benincasa, Dragonea,[a] Molina, Raito Church of Saint John Baptist
Cetara Fuenti Tower of Cetara
Maiori Erchie, Ponteprimario, San Pietro, Santa Maria delle Grazie, Vecite Collegiata di Santa Maria, Castle of San Nicola de Thoro Plano, Santa Maria de Olearia
Tramonti Campinola, Capitignano, Cesarano, Corsano, Figlino, Gete, Novella, Paterno Sant'Arcangelo, Paterno Sant'Elia, Pietre, Polvica,[b] Ponte, Pucara Conservatory of Pucara, Rupestrian Church in Gete
Minori Montecita, Torre Church of Santa Trofimena and the ancient Roman villa
Ravello Casa Bianca, Castiglione, Marmorata, Sambuco, Torello Villa Cimbrone, Villa Rufolo, San Giovanni del Toro, and the Duomo (Cathedral)
Scala Campidoglio, Minuta, Pontone Scala Cathedral
Atrani none Churches of San Salvatore del Birecto and Santa Maria Maddalena
Amalfi Lone, Pastena, Pogerola, Tovere, Vettica Minore Amalfi Cathedral, and its cloister (Italian: Chiostro del Paradiso)
Conca dei Marini none Main church of Saint John Baptist and the Emerald Grotto
Furore Fiordo di Furore, Marina di Praia[c] Fjord of Furore
Praiano Vettica Maggiore Churches of San Luca and San Gennaro and Saint John Baptist
Positano Montepertuso, Nocelle Church of Santa Maria Assunta
Panoramic view of the town of Amalfi seen from the pier with the Amalfi Cathedral in the center

Economy[edit]

The Amalfi Coast is known for its production of limoncello liqueur as the area is a known cultivator of lemons, known as sfusato amalfitano in Italian, which are grown in terraced gardens along the entire coast between February and October.[8] Amalfi is also a known maker of a hand-made thick paper which is called bambagina.[9] Other renowned local products are a particular kind of anchovies (local Italian: alici) from Cetara, and the colorful handmade ceramics from Vietri.

Transport[edit]

There are buses and ferries along the Amalfi Coast.[10] There are also boat excursions from Positano and Amalfi.

Airport[edit]

Aereo

The nearest airport is the Salerno Costa d'Amalfi Airport. However, the most used airport to reach the area from abroad is Naples International Airport (Napoli-Capodichino).

In popular culture[edit]

View of Atrani from the coast
Panoramic view of Positano

The rulers of Amalfi are the central figures in Webster's Jacobean tragedy Duchess of Malfi.

In the last episode of the popular TV series Entourage, Ari Gold (Jeremy Piven) and Mrs. Gold (Perrey Reeves) are seen relaxing at the Amalfi Coast when Ari receives a phone call to become the chairman of Time Warner.

The Amalfi Coast is a popular destination among tourists. It was featured in Positano, a short story written by American author John Steinbeck in 1953.[11] It was also the setting in "Finding Positano, A Love Story" written by author William James in 2010.

The Amalfi Coast also serves as a setting for fictional tracks in the Forza Motorsport 3,[12] Forza Motorsport 4 and Gran Turismo 4.

The city of Positano featured prominently in scenes of the film Under the Tuscan Sun.

In the spy comedy Knight and Day, Tom Cruise's character speaks of living on the Amalfi coast with nothing but a backpack and a motorcycle.

In season 5 of the popular TV show Psych, the Amalfi coast is the proposed vacation spot for Juliet O'Hara and love interest Declan Rand.

Audrey Hepburn stars in a Galaxy chocolate commercial set on the Amalfi coast. Caught in traffic, she accepts an offer to ride in a male interest's car and switches transport. She is last seen riding up the coast.

Federico Fellini filmed some scenes of his movie Roma on the Amalfi Coast, and included shots of author Gore Vidal, who lived there at the time.

For the 2017 American superhero film Wonder Woman based on the DC Comics character of the same name, distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures, the filming location for the Amazon island of Themyscira, the birthplace of Wonder Woman herself, the movie's producers searched all over the world, finally settling on shooting locations in Italy, specifically the Amalfi Coast.[13] In the film, the idyllic island nation of Themyscira - Princess Diana's homeland - displays a setting of cobalt-blue sea, tranquil beaches, craggy cliffs and lush greenery. The challenge for Wonder Woman's production designer, Aline Bonetto, was finding such a place. The problem was, all the beautiful beaches in the world that sit below big cliffs disappear beneath the tide, so for a part of every day you have no beach. Bonetto and her location manager Charles Somers considered 47 different countries and visited several of them before they found what they were looking for: Italy's dramatic Amalfi Coast. Bonetto explains in a Radio Times interview that, "Italy had beautiful weather, a beautiful blue-green sea, not too much tide, not too much wave. Our effects team added some cliffs in post-production, and it was the perfect way to go".[14]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Includes the localities of Iaconti and San Vincenzo.
  2. ^ Polvica is the municipal seat of Tramonti.
  3. ^ Partly included in the municipality of Praiano.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/830.
  2. ^ "Bay of Naples & Amalfi Coast History". Unique Costiera. Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "Costiera Amalfitana". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  4. ^ Matthews, Jeff. "Naples". Around Naples Encyclopedia. University of Maryland University College. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Amalfi Geography". Authentic Italy. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  6. ^ http://www.italia.it/en/travel-ideas/unesco-world-heritage-sites/amalfi-coast.html
  7. ^ "Amalfi People and Culture". Authentic Italy. Archived from the original on 5 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "National cultivars". Limmi. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  9. ^ "The Amalfi Coast Paper Museum". Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Amalfi coast bus & ferries: Timetables". Theamalficoast.net. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  11. ^ "Positano by John Steinbeck". FortuneCity. May 1953. Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "Forza 3's Ferrari Collection, Amalfi Coast Track Pictured". ShackNews. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  13. ^ http://www.cosmopolitan.com/entertainment/movies/a9964101/where-wonder-woman-cast-stayed-italy
  14. ^ http://www.radiotimes.com/news/2017-06-02/where-is-wonder-womans-idyllic-island-themiscyra

External links[edit]