Cottage Grove, Oregon

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Cottage Grove, Oregon
Cottage Grove Historic District
Cottage Grove Historic District
Flag of Cottage Grove, Oregon
Nickname(s): 
Covered Bridge Capital of Oregon
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 43°47′41″N 123°3′9″W / 43.79472°N 123.05250°W / 43.79472; -123.05250Coordinates: 43°47′41″N 123°3′9″W / 43.79472°N 123.05250°W / 43.79472; -123.05250
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyLane
Incorporated1887
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • City ManagerRichard Meyers
 • MayorJeff Gowing
Area
 • Total3.89 sq mi (10.07 km2)
 • Land3.86 sq mi (10.00 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
640 ft (195 m)
Population
 • Total10,643
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
10,465
 • Density2,710.44/sq mi (1,046.46/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific)
ZIP codes
97424, 97472
Area code(s)541
FIPS code41-15950[4]
GNIS feature ID1166636[5]
Websitewww.cottagegrove.org

Cottage Grove is a city in Lane County, Oregon, United States. Its population was 10,643 at the 2020 census.[6] It is the third largest city in Lane County. It is on Interstate 5, Oregon Route 99, and the main Willamette Valley line of the CORP railroad.[7]

History[edit]

Cottage Grove post office was established in 1855 east of present-day Creswell.[8] It was named by its first postmaster, G. C. Pearce, whose home was in an oak grove.[8] In 1861, the office was moved to the present site of Saginaw;[8] then in the late 1860s, to the southwestern-most part of present-day Cottage Grove, on the west bank of the Coast Fork Willamette River.[8] When the Southern Pacific railroad was built through the area in the 1870s, Cottage Grove station was placed more than half a mile northeast of the post office, on the river's east side.[8][9] This was the start of a neighborhood dispute that lasted for nearly 20 years.[8] The people living near the post office did not want it moved to the railroad station, so a new office was established at the station with the name Lemati, a Chinook Jargon word that means "mountain".[8] Lemati office ran from November 1893 to September 1894, but in March 1898 the Cottage Grove office was renamed Lemati, and ran that way until it was permanently renamed Cottage Grove in May 1898.[8]

The only existing covered railroad bridge west of the Mississippi River, the National Register of Historic Places-listed Chambers Railroad Bridge, is in Cottage Grove. The city restored it in 2011, reopening it on December 3.[10]

Cottage Grove received the All-America City Award by the National Civic League in 1968 and 2004.[11] It has been recognized as a Tree City USA by The Arbor Day Foundation for over a decade.[12] In October 2008, it was the 17th city in the United States to be recognized as a Green Power Community.[13]

Lemati[edit]

Cottage Grove was incorporated in 1887, but the people on its east side rebelled in 1893 and founded East Cottage Grove.[8] The Oregon State Legislature changed its name to Lemati in 1895; the station's signboard said "Cottage Grove", and "Lemati" in smaller letters.[8] In 1899 an act was passed that consolidated the two towns as Cottage Grove.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.77 square miles (9.76 km2), of which, 3.76 square miles (9.74 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[14]

Cottage Grove lies south of the confluence of the Row River and the Coast Fork of the Willamette River.[7] This confluence effectively marks the southern end of the Willamette Valley.[15]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cottage Grove has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[16]

Climate data for Cottage Grove
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
(20)
76
(24)
87
(31)
87
(31)
98
(37)
101
(38)
105
(41)
105
(41)
105
(41)
96
(36)
76
(24)
73
(23)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 47.3
(8.5)
51.9
(11.1)
56.2
(13.4)
61.4
(16.3)
67.7
(19.8)
73.8
(23.2)
81.6
(27.6)
81.9
(27.7)
76.1
(24.5)
64.9
(18.3)
53.5
(11.9)
47.5
(8.6)
63.7
(17.6)
Average low °F (°C) 33
(1)
34.3
(1.3)
35.8
(2.1)
38
(3)
42.1
(5.6)
46.5
(8.1)
48.7
(9.3)
48.3
(9.1)
45
(7)
41.5
(5.3)
37.5
(3.1)
34.1
(1.2)
40.4
(4.7)
Record low °F (°C) −2
(−19)
0
(−18)
14
(−10)
21
(−6)
23
(−5)
29
(−2)
23
(−5)
32
(0)
24
(−4)
17
(−8)
9
(−13)
−7
(−22)
−7
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 6.73
(171)
5.17
(131)
5.21
(132)
3.61
(92)
2.6
(66)
1.57
(40)
0.4
(10)
0.67
(17)
1.51
(38)
3.67
(93)
6.92
(176)
7.37
(187)
45.43
(1,154)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.9
(7.4)
0.9
(2.3)
0.8
(2.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.1
(2.8)
5.9
(15)
Average precipitation days 19 16 18 15 12 8 2 3 6 12 17 19 147
Source: [17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900974
19101,83488.3%
19201,9194.6%
19302,47328.9%
19402,6266.2%
19503,53634.7%
19603,89510.2%
19706,00454.1%
19807,14819.1%
19907,4023.6%
20008,43213.9%
20109,68614.9%
2019 (est.)10,465[3]8.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,686 people, 3,895 households, and 2,469 families living in the city. The population density was 2,576.1 inhabitants per square mile (994.6/km2). There were 4,154 housing units at an average density of 1,104.8 per square mile (426.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.4% White, 0.3% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.1% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.0% of the population.

There were 3,895 households, of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.6% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 8,445 people, 3,264 households, and 2,183 families living in the city. The population density was 2,561.6 people per square mile (988.1/km2). There were 3,430 housing units at an average density of 1,040.4 per square mile (401.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.84% White, 0.15% African American, 1.21% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.55% from other races, and 3.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.94% of the population. There were 3,264 households, out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population dispersal was 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,442, and the median income for a family was $37,457. Males had a median income of $30,775 versus $23,485 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,550. About 15.6% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Centennial Bridge and Veterans Memorial

Annual cultural events[edit]

The largest festivals in Cottage Grove are Bohemia Mining Days and the Western Oregon Exposition Heritage Fair & Logging Show.[19]

Museums and other points of interest[edit]

Cottage Grove is known as the "Covered Bridge Capital of The West" with six covered bridges near the city.[20] Five of the six bridges, Chambers Covered Bridge, Currin Bridge, Dorena Bridge, Mosby Creek Bridge, and Stewart Bridge, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Centennial Covered Bridge is a replica bridge constructed from materials salvaged from dismantled bridges. The Swinging Bridge is a historic suspension footbridge.[21]

It is home to 21 murals throughout downtown reflecting the community's history,[22] as well as the Cottage Theatre.

Cottage Grove has four museums:

Film location[edit]

The General signage in Cottage Grove where the cast and crew stayed

Several films have been filmed in Cottage Grove:

Sports[edit]

Cottage Grove has two golf courses: Middlefield and Hidden Valley. Middlefield also has a disc golf course.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Dorena Lake and Cottage Grove Lake are near the city. There is also a system of cycle trails at Mosby Creek.

Education[edit]

The South Lane School District serves Cottage Grove and the surrounding area. Cottage Grove High School, Al Kennedy High School, Lincoln Middle School, Bohemia and Harrison elementary schools and the Academy for Character Education are in the city. Lane Community College has a Cottage Grove satellite campus offering credit and enrichment courses.[citation needed]

Media[edit]

The Chronicle (first published in 1909) is the oldest locally owned newspaper in southern Willamette Valley. Published weekly by Nash Publishing Group, it focuses on hyper-local coverage from Cottage Grove to Creswell to Springfield and other local communities. The company also owns chronicle1909.com, Emerald Valley Magazine, and the annual Emerald Valley Almanac.

The Cottage Grove Sentinel (circulation of 3,331) is the city's weekly newspaper.[28] KNND is its local radio station.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Jim Wright Field is a public airport serving small general aviation aircraft, located one mile (1.6 km) east of Cottage Grove.

Bus[edit]

Lane Transit District runs bus service to nearby Eugene and Springfield. South Lane Wheels runs shuttle service in downtown Cottage Grove.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2020 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Cottage Grove city, Oregon". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  7. ^ a b Oregon Atlas & Gazetteer (7th ed.). Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. 2008. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-89933-347-2.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 235–236. ISBN 978-0875952772.
  9. ^ "Cottage Grove Post Office". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. August 1, 1994. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
  10. ^ "Chambers Covered Railroad Bridge". City of Cottage Grove, Oregon. Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  11. ^ "Past Winners of the All-America City Award". All-America City Award. Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  12. ^ "2010 Tree Cities USA Communities in Oregon". Arbor Day Foundation. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  13. ^ Tucker, Eric R. (2008-10-15). "How Green it is!". Cottage Grove Sentinel. News Media Corporation. Archived from the original on 2016-03-11. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  15. ^ "Willamette River Greenway and Water Trail - Oregon State Parks". stateparks.oregon.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  16. ^ Climate Summary for Cottage Grove, Oregon
  17. ^ "COTTAGE GROVE, OR (351897)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. ^ "Calendar of Events & Festivals | Cottage Grove | Eugene, Cascades & Oregon Coast". Eugenecascadescoast.org. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  20. ^ a b "Community Attractions". Cottage Grove Area Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  21. ^ "Covered bridge tour brochure" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-20. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  22. ^ "Scenic Murals Directory and Map," free pamphlet courtesy of the Cottage Grove Mural Committee, P.O. Box 423, Cottage Grove, OR 97424
  23. ^ "Eugene, Cascades & Oregon Coast Visitor Information | Travel Lane County Oregon". Eugenecascadescoast.org. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  24. ^ John Bengton, How Buster Keaton Filmed The General, Accessed September 20, 2016
  25. ^ Davis, Lon (2010-08-02). "Saluting The General in Cottage Grove". Classic Images. Lee Enterprises.
  26. ^ "Cottage Grove Historical Society". CottageGroveHistoricalSociety.com. Archived from the original on 2012-04-21. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  27. ^ "Oregon Movie Chronology, 1969-Present". Oregon Blue Book. Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  28. ^ "Cottage Grove Sentinel". Oregon Newspaper Publishers Association. Archived from the original on 2009-04-04. Retrieved 2011-02-20.

External links[edit]