Shepherd's pie: Difference between revisions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Variations)
Line 21: Line 21:
   
 
* In [[France]], a similar dish is called ''[[hachis Parmentier]]''.
 
* In [[France]], a similar dish is called ''[[hachis Parmentier]]''.
 
  +
Willy
 
* A [[vegetarian]] version can be made using [[soya]] or other [[meat substitute]]s, or [[legumes]] such as [[lentils]] or [[chick peas]].
 
* A [[vegetarian]] version can be made using [[soya]] or other [[meat substitute]]s, or [[legumes]] such as [[lentils]] or [[chick peas]].
   

Revision as of 03:34, 11 May 2010

Cottage Pie with minced beef

Cottage pie refers to an English meat pie made with beef mince and with a crust made from mashed potato. A variation on this dish using lamb mince is known as Shepherd's pie.

The term cottage pie is known to have been in use in 1791,[1][2] when potato was being introduced as an edible crop affordable for the poor (cf. "cottage" meaning a modest dwelling for rural workers).

In early cookery books, the dish was a means of using leftover roasted meat of any kind, and the pie dish was lined with mashed potato as well as having a mashed potato crust on top.[3][4]

The term "shepherd's pie" did not appear until the 1870s,[2] and since then it has been used synonymously with "cottage pie", regardless of whether the principal ingredient was beef or mutton.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] There is now a popular tendency for "shepherd's pie" to be used when the meat is mutton or lamb,[9] with the suggested origin being that shepherds are concerned with sheep[10] and not cattle,[11][12] This may, however, be an example of folk etymology.

Variations

  • In Ireland the dish is commonly called shepherd's pie even when containing beef.
  • The Australian meat pie with a layer of mashed potato replacing the usual pastry crust, is also known as a Shepherds Pie. This variant is also known in New Zealand, as a potato top pie.
  • In the United States a similar dish is called cowboy pie. In New England the most common recipe for shepherd's pie consists of ground beef, canned creamed corn, and mashed potatoes.
  • In English-speaking Canada, the dish is referred to as shepherd's pie, even with a beef filling.

Willy

  • In Jordan, Syria and Lebanon a similar dish is referred to as "Siniyet Batata" (literally meaning a plate of potatoes), or "Kibbet Batata".
  • In Russia, a similar dish is called "Картофельная запеканка" (Kartofel'naya zapekanka, or "Potato baked pudding").
  • A similar British dish made with fish is a fish pie
  • In the Dominican Republic this is called pastelon de papa (pie casserole), it has a layer of potatoes, one or two of meat, and another of potatoes topped with a layer of your favorite cheese or cheeses.

See also

References

  1. ^ An A to Z of Food and Drink by John Ayto, published by Oxford University Press, 2002
  2. ^ a b c "The Glutton's Glossary: A Dictionary of Food and Drink Terms". Routledge. 1990. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  3. ^ a b Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management by Isabella Beeton, 1861.
  4. ^ a b Cassell's New Universal Cookery Book by Lizzie Heritage published by Cassell and Company, 1894
  5. ^ The Constance Spry Cookery Book by Constance Spry and Rosemary Hume, J M Dent & Sons, 1956
  6. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 1933
  7. ^ Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Eleventh Edition (Revised), Oxford University Press, 2006
  8. ^ The Chambers Dictionary, Ninth Edition, published by Chambers Harrap Publishing Ltd, 2003
  9. ^ "Delia Smith: Shepherds Pie with Crusted Leeks". Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  10. ^ "Shepherds' Pie and Cottage Pie". Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  11. ^ "Comments on what kind of lamb for Shepherd's Pie". Retrieved 2009-02-11. .
  12. ^ "Comments on Low Fat Shepherd's Pie recipe". Retrieved 2009-02-11. 

External links

Shepherd's Pie recipe at Wikibooks