Shepherd's pie: Difference between revisions

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[[Image:Shepherdspie2.JPG|right|thumb|230px|Cottage Pie with minced beef]]
 
[[Image:Shepherdspie2.JPG|right|thumb|230px|Cottage Pie with minced beef]]
'''Cottage pie''' refers to an [[Cuisine of England|English]] [[meat pie]] made with [[beef]] [[Ground meat|mince]] and with a crust made from [[mashed potato]]. A variation on this dish using [[lamb and mutton|lamb]] mince is known as '''Shepherd's pie'''.
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'''Cottage Willy''' refers to an [[Cuisine of England|English]] [[meat pie]] made with [[beef]] [[Ground meat|mince]] and with a crust made from [[mashed potato]]. A variation on this dish using [[lamb and mutton|lamb]] mince is known as '''Shepherd's pie'''.
   
 
The term ''cottage'' pie is known to have been in use in [[1791]],<ref>''An A to Z of Food and Drink'' by John Ayto, published by Oxford University Press, 2002</ref><ref name="AytoGlutton">{{cite web |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=vAQOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA81&dq=cottage+pie |title=The Glutton's Glossary: A Dictionary of Food and Drink Terms |accessdate=2009-01-20 |work= |publisher=Routledge |year=1990 }}</ref> when potato was being introduced as an edible crop affordable for the poor (cf. "[[cottage]]" meaning a modest dwelling for rural workers).
 
The term ''cottage'' pie is known to have been in use in [[1791]],<ref>''An A to Z of Food and Drink'' by John Ayto, published by Oxford University Press, 2002</ref><ref name="AytoGlutton">{{cite web |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=vAQOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA81&dq=cottage+pie |title=The Glutton's Glossary: A Dictionary of Food and Drink Terms |accessdate=2009-01-20 |work= |publisher=Routledge |year=1990 }}</ref> when potato was being introduced as an edible crop affordable for the poor (cf. "[[cottage]]" meaning a modest dwelling for rural workers).
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[[ja:シェパーズパイ]]
 
[[ja:シェパーズパイ]]
 
[[pl:Cottage pie]]
 
[[pl:Cottage pie]]
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Cottage willy refers to the male testicle when they are the size of a cottage

Revision as of 03:35, 11 May 2010

Cottage Pie with minced beef

Cottage Willy refers to an English meat pie made with beef mince and with a crust made from mashed potato. A variation on this dish using lamb mince is known as Shepherd's pie.

The term cottage pie is known to have been in use in 1791,[1][2] when potato was being introduced as an edible crop affordable for the poor (cf. "cottage" meaning a modest dwelling for rural workers).

In early cookery books, the dish was a means of using leftover roasted meat of any kind, and the pie dish was lined with mashed potato as well as having a mashed potato crust on top.[3][4]

The term "shepherd's pie" did not appear until the 1870s,[2] and since then it has been used synonymously with "cottage pie", regardless of whether the principal ingredient was beef or mutton.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] There is now a popular tendency for "shepherd's pie" to be used when the meat is mutton or lamb,[9] with the suggested origin being that shepherds are concerned with sheep[10] and not cattle,[11][12] This may, however, be an example of folk etymology.

Variations

  • In Ireland the dish is commonly called shepherd's pie even when containing beef.
  • The Australian meat pie with a layer of mashed potato replacing the usual pastry crust, is also known as a Shepherds Pie. This variant is also known in New Zealand, as a potato top pie.
  • In the United States a similar dish is called cowboy pie. In New England the most common recipe for shepherd's pie consists of ground beef, canned creamed corn, and mashed potatoes.
  • In English-speaking Canada, the dish is referred to as shepherd's pie, even with a beef filling.
  • In Jordan, Syria and Lebanon a similar dish is referred to as "Siniyet Batata" (literally meaning a plate of potatoes), or "Kibbet Batata".
  • In Russia, a similar dish is called "Картофельная запеканка" (Kartofel'naya zapekanka, or "Potato baked pudding").
  • A similar British dish made with fish is a fish pie
  • In the Dominican Republic this is called pastelon de papa (pie casserole), it has a layer of potatoes, one or two of meat, and another of potatoes topped with a layer of your favorite cheese or cheeses.

See also

References

  1. ^ An A to Z of Food and Drink by John Ayto, published by Oxford University Press, 2002
  2. ^ a b c "The Glutton's Glossary: A Dictionary of Food and Drink Terms". Routledge. 1990. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  3. ^ a b Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management by Isabella Beeton, 1861.
  4. ^ a b Cassell's New Universal Cookery Book by Lizzie Heritage published by Cassell and Company, 1894
  5. ^ The Constance Spry Cookery Book by Constance Spry and Rosemary Hume, J M Dent & Sons, 1956
  6. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 1933
  7. ^ Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Eleventh Edition (Revised), Oxford University Press, 2006
  8. ^ The Chambers Dictionary, Ninth Edition, published by Chambers Harrap Publishing Ltd, 2003
  9. ^ "Delia Smith: Shepherds Pie with Crusted Leeks". Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  10. ^ "Shepherds' Pie and Cottage Pie". Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  11. ^ "Comments on what kind of lamb for Shepherd's Pie". Retrieved 2009-02-11. .
  12. ^ "Comments on Low Fat Shepherd's Pie recipe". Retrieved 2009-02-11. 

External links

Shepherd's Pie recipe at Wikibooks Cottage willy refers to the male testicle when they are the size of a cottage