View over Cottbus
|• Lord Mayor||Frank Szymanski (SPD)|
|• Total||164.28 km2 (63.43 sq mi)|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Cottbus (German pronunciation: [ˈkɔtbʊs] ( listen); Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz; Polish: Chociebuż) is a university city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km (78 mi) southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree. Cottbus is a major railway junction with extensive sidings/depots.
Until the beginning of the twentieth century the spelling of the city's name was contentious. In Berlin the spelling "Kottbus" was preferred, and it is still used in respect of the capital's Kottbusser Tor ("Cottbus Gate"), but locally the traditional spelling "Cottbus" (which defies standard German-language rules) was preferred, and this is now used in most circumstances. Because the official spelling used locally before the spelling reforms of 1996 had contravened even the standardized spelling rules already in place, the Standing Committee for Geographical Names stress their urgent recommendation that geographical names should respect the national spelling standards. In this context it is to be noted that to identify a citizen of the city either "Cottbuser" or "Cottbusser" may be used.
Names in different languages:
- Czech: Chotěbuz
- German: Cottbus
- Latin: Cotbusium
- Polish: Chociebuż
- Lower Sorbian: Chóśebuz
- Upper Sorbian: Choćebuz
The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town's name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side-by-side with the Sorbs. In medieval times Cottbus was known for wool, and the town's drapery was exported all over the Brandenburg, Bohemia and Saxony. In 1445 Cottbus was acquired by the Margraviate of Brandenburg. In 1514 Jan Rak founded the Universitas Serborum, a Sorbian gymnasium, in the city. In 1701 the city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. It was also ruled by Saxony between 1807 and 1813. In 1815 the surrounding districts of Upper and Lower Lusatia were ceded by the Kingdom of Saxony to Prussia. During World War II, Cottbus was taken by the Red Army on 22 April 1945.
Culture and education
Cottbus is the cultural centre of the Lower Sorbian minority. Many signs in the town are bilingual, and there is a Lower Sorbian-medium Gymnasium, and Sorbian Quarter, but Sorbian is rarely spoken on the streets.
Next to Cottbus is the famous Branitz Park, created by Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau after 1845. Schloss Branitz (Branitz Castle) was rebuilt by Gottfried Semper in a late Baroque style between 1846 and 1852, and the gardens laid by Prince Hermann feature two pyramids. One of these, the Seepyramide, is in the middle of an artificial lake and serves as his mauseoleum.
Twin towns – Sister cities
- "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2012 (XLS-Datei; 83 KB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 31 December 2012.
- Udo Lauer, Fürst Pücklers Traumpark, Ullstein Verlag, 1996, Berlin
- "Our twin cities - Cottbus". http://www.cottbus.de/. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "Zielona Góra Miasta partnerskie". Urząd Miasta Zielona Góra. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "International Contacts". Targovishte Municipality. Archived from the original on 13 August 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Twin cities of the City of Kosice". Magistrát mesta Košice, Tr. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- "Town Twinnings". Landeshauptstadt Saarbrücken. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). 2009 Twins2010.com. Retrieved 28 October 2009.[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cottbus.|
- Official website (German) (English) (Polish) (Sorbian)
- Homepage of Brandenburg Technical University
- "Cottbus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.