Cottle County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cottle County, Texas
Cottle County Texas.jpg
Cottle County Courthouse in Paducah
Map of Texas highlighting Cottle County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1892
Named for George Washington Cottle
Seat Paducah
Largest town Paducah
Area
 • Total 902 sq mi (2,336 km2)
 • Land 901 sq mi (2,334 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 1,505
 • Density 1.7/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 13th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.cottle.tx.us

Cottle County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,505.[1] Its county seat is Paducah.[2] The county was founded in 1876 and later organized in 1892.[3] It is named for George Washington Cottle,[4] who died defending the Alamo. Cottle County was formerly one of 46 prohibition, or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas. It now allows beer and wine sales.

The Matador Ranch, based in Motley once reached into Cottle County.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 901 square miles (2,330 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.1%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 24
1890 240 900.0%
1900 1,002 317.5%
1910 4,396 338.7%
1920 6,901 57.0%
1930 9,395 36.1%
1940 7,079 −24.7%
1950 6,099 −13.8%
1960 4,207 −31.0%
1970 3,204 −23.8%
1980 2,947 −8.0%
1990 2,247 −23.8%
2000 1,904 −15.3%
2010 1,505 −21.0%
Est. 2016 1,402 [7] −6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1850–2010[9] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,904 people, 820 households, and 550 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,088 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.46% White, 9.87% Black or African American, 7.20% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 18.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 820 households out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.90% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 32.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 21.50% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 25.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 87.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,446, and the median income for a family was $33,036. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $16,667 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,212. About 13.70% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 16.00% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 82.7% 506 15.0% 92 2.3% 14
2012 74.9% 555 24.3% 180 0.8% 6
2008 72.2% 509 26.5% 187 1.3% 9
2004 71.5% 549 27.9% 214 0.7% 5
2000 66.3% 502 31.8% 241 1.9% 14
1996 40.5% 331 49.4% 404 10.1% 83
1992 23.9% 245 52.9% 542 23.2% 238
1988 35.0% 379 63.7% 690 1.3% 14
1984 44.1% 507 54.2% 623 1.7% 20
1980 40.4% 511 57.8% 732 1.8% 23
1976 22.9% 311 76.9% 1,047 0.2% 3
1972 49.7% 564 50.3% 571
1968 21.0% 268 58.2% 742 20.9% 266
1964 17.0% 230 82.9% 1,122 0.1% 1
1960 27.2% 370 72.5% 986 0.4% 5
1956 22.4% 329 77.5% 1,138 0.1% 2
1952 26.5% 494 73.5% 1,368
1948 7.0% 102 90.7% 1,318 2.3% 33
1944 4.7% 130 91.9% 2,551 3.4% 95
1940 13.6% 237 86.4% 1,506
1936 6.3% 86 93.1% 1,265 0.6% 8
1932 3.1% 38 96.9% 1,196
1928 51.2% 473 48.8% 451
1924 9.0% 59 88.2% 580 2.9% 19
1920 18.2% 121 71.1% 472 10.7% 71
1916 2.2% 12 85.1% 455 12.7% 68
1912 2.6% 8 91.4% 277 5.9% 18

Until 2000, Cottle County went consistently Democratic in presidential elections, except for the 1928 election when sentiment against Al Smith’s devout Catholic faith and opposition to Prohibition allowed Herbert Hoover to carry the county with 52 percent of the vote. After John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson and Hubert Humphrey easily carried the county in 1960, 1964 and 1968 respectively,[12][13][14] Cottle County again voted for the Democratic candidate in the 1972 election, as it was the only county in Texas north of Maverick County (Eagle Pass) to have been won by George McGovern.[15] After Jimmy Carter carried it in 1976 and 1980,[16][17] Walter Mondale won a majority of the county's votes in 1984[18] , Michael Dukakis won the county in 1988[19] and Bill Clinton carried it in 1992 and 1996.[20][21]

Like the rest of the Bible Belt, due to opposition to the Democratic Party’s liberal positions on social issues Cottle has trended powerfully Republican[22] and in the last five elections the Republican nominee has won more than two-thirds of the vote. In 2012, Mitt Romney received 555 votes to Barack Obama’s 180,[23] and in 2016 Hilary Clinton won fewer than one hundred votes in the county, less than a tenth as many as Jimmy Carter forty years beforehand.

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2015. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 93. 
  5. ^ "Matador Ranch," Historical marker, Texas Historical Commission, Motley County, Texas
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 21, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1960&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1964&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1968&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  15. ^ "David Leip Presidential Atlas". Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1976&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1980&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1984&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  19. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1988&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  20. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1992&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  21. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=1996&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0
  22. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014
  23. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/datagraph.php?year=2012&fips=48&f=1&off=0&elect=0

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°05′N 100°16′W / 34.08°N 100.27°W / 34.08; -100.27