Cotton Futures Act

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Cotton Futures Act
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titlesCotton Futures Act of 1914
Long titleAn Act to tax the privilege of dealing on exchanges, boards of trade, and similar places in contracts of sale of cotton for future delivery, and for other purposes.
Enacted bythe 63rd United States Congress
EffectiveAugust 18, 1914
Public lawPub.L. 63–174
Statutes at Large38 Stat. 693
Titles amended7 U.S.C.: Agriculture
U.S.C. sections created7 U.S.C. ch. 1 § 15b
Legislative history

The Cotton Futures Act of 1914 authorized the United States Department of Agriculture to establish physical standards as a means of determining color grade, staple length and strength, and other qualities and properties for cotton. It was intended to minimize speculative manipulation of the cotton market.

The Act was rendered unconstitutional in Federal district court because it originated in the Senate rather than the House. As a revenue act, it should have been drafted in the House. It was replaced by the Cotton Futures Act of 1916.[1]


  1. ^ Markham, Jerry W. (2002). A Financial History of the United States. M.E. Sharpe. p. 96. Retrieved 19 January 2020.

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