Cotton Gin Port, Mississippi
Cotton Gin Port Site
|Nearest city||Amory, Mississippi|
|Area||100 acres (40 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||72000700|
|Added to NRHP||October 18, 1972|
Cotton Gin Port was located at Tombigbee river.on the east bank of the
Cotton Gin Port was the first town in north Mississippi, although initially it was part of Marion County in the Alabama Territory. The new demarcation lines of 1820-21 put it in Mississippi. The site was located on the east bank of the Tombigbee River at a crossing of vital Indian trails. It was a base of expeditions of Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville in 1736 and Vaudreuil in 1752. The Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham Railroad caused extinction as the townfolk moved to the new town of Amory.
The early U.S. government built a cotton gin in 1801 at Cotton Gin Port as part of a "plan of civilization" for the local Chickasaw Indians, and soon became recognized as a Chickasaw Indian trading post. A road, Gaines Trace, was built to the town in 1811 and 1812. This road ran from close to Muscle Shoals on the Tennessee River to Cotton Gin Port, where it crossed the Tombigbee; it then proceeded south to Fort Stoddert.
The ruins of the old town can still be found between the Tenn-Tom Waterway and the Tombigbee River, and relics from the old settlement can be seen at the Amory Municipal Museum. Chief Levi Colbert is said to have lived on the bluff west of Cotton Gin Port, near the old cotton gin where there was a large spreading oak known as the council tree.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- John M. Allman III (ed.), An Abbreviated History of Marion County, Alabama - The Marion County Historical & Genealogical Societies, Alabama Tracks vol. XI #4 1992.
- Dr. W.A. Evans, Aberdeen Examiner July 2, 1936 (Taken from The Heritage of Lamar County, Alabama, by John Mitchell Allman III).
- Elliott, Jack D. and Wells, Mary Ann. (2003). Cotton Gin Port : a frontier settlement on the Upper Tombigbee. Jackson, Mississippi: Quail Ridge Press for the Mississippi Historical Society. ISBN 0-938896-88-1