Cottonwood, Alabama

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Cottonwood, Alabama
Town
Location of Cottonwood in Houston County, Alabama.
Location of Cottonwood in Houston County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 31°3′13″N 85°18′8″W / 31.05361°N 85.30222°W / 31.05361; -85.30222
CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountyHouston
Area
 • Total5.80 sq mi (15.02 km2)
 • Land5.77 sq mi (14.95 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
164 ft (50 m)
Population
 • Total1,289
 • Estimate 
(2017)[2]
1,256
 • Density217.56/sq mi (84.01/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
36320
Area code(s)334
FIPS code01-17824
GNIS feature ID0116695
Websitewww.cottonwoodalabama.com

Cottonwood is a town in Houston County, Alabama, United States. One source said the town incorporated in 1901,[3] although the 1910 U.S. Census stated 1903. It is part of the Dothan, Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area. At the 2010 census the population was 1,289,[4] up from 1,170 in 2000.

Geography[edit]

Cottonwood is located in southern Houston County at 31°3′13″N 85°18′9″W / 31.05361°N 85.30250°W / 31.05361; -85.30250 (31.053646, -85.302409).[5] Alabama State Route 53 passes through the center of town, leading north 14 miles (23 km) to Dothan and southeast 7 miles (11 km) to the Florida state line. Malone, Florida, is 11 miles (18 km) southeast of Cottonwood.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.8 square miles (15.0 km2), of which 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.45%, are water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910352
1920293−16.8%
193041039.9%
194060046.3%
195086444.0%
196095310.3%
19701,14920.6%
19801,35217.7%
19901,3852.4%
20001,170−15.5%
20101,28910.2%
Est. 20171,256[2]−2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,170 people, 485 households, and 323 families residing in the town. The population density was 212.9 people per square mile (82.1/km2). There were 548 housing units at an average density of 99.7 per square mile (38.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 69.06% White, 29.06% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, and 1.20% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 485 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,452, and the median income for a family was $32,065. Males had a median income of $25,833 versus $15,515 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,111. About 18.1% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 42.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 1,289 people, 553 households, and 350 families residing in the town. The population density was 234.4 people per square mile (90.8/km2). There were 638 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile (44.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 71.8% White, 25.4% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, and 1.9% from two or more races. 1.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 553 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,570, and the median income for a family was $27,465. Males had a median income of $28,942 versus $27,857 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,090. About 26.1% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.5% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-3344
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cottonwood town, Alabama". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  10. ^ "The Shields Giants of Alabama, Lady Alligator Wrestler and other circus and sideshow tales". AL.com.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°03′13″N 85°18′09″W / 31.053646°N 85.302409°W / 31.053646; -85.302409