Cottonwood Falls, Kansas
|Cottonwood Falls, Kansas|
Location within Chase County and Kansas
KDOT map of Chase County (legend)
|• Total||0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)|
|• Land||0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||1,204 ft (367 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||892|
|• Density||1,500/sq mi (580/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-15900 |
|GNIS feature ID||0477262 |
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Area events
- 4 Area attractions
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Gallery
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Fiction
- 12 See also
- 13 Further reading
- 14 References
- 15 External links
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.
In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Cottonwood Falls.
The first settlement in the area of Cottonwood Falls was in 1854, when an Indian trader named Seth Hayes founded a cattle ranch on the Cottonwood River close to the mouth of Diamond Spring Creek. The area around the town was organized as Chase County in 1859, and Cottonwood Falls was designated the temporary county seat.
The first post office in Cottonwood Falls was established in 1858.
In 1873 the city's French Renaissance style Chase County courthouse was built; at roughly the same time, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway reached Cottonwood Falls area. Through the late 19th and early 20th centuries the area around the city was mainly divided into farms and cattle ranches.
In 1931, Transcontinental & Western Air Flight 599 crashed ten miles south of Cottonwood Falls near the community of Bazaar, killing all eight on board, including Notre Dame University football coach Knute Rockne. A monument to the crash is located on private property.
There have been numerous floods during the history of Cottonwood Falls. In June and July 1951, due to heavy rains, rivers and streams flooded numerous cities in Kansas, including Cottonwood Falls. Many reservoirs and levees were built in Kansas as part of a response to the Great Flood of 1951.
Cottonwood Falls is located at  in the scenic Flint Hills of the Great Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.60 square miles (1.55 km2), of which 0.59 square miles (1.53 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.(38.368159, -96.542918),
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cottonwood Falls has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
Cottonwood Falls has five listings on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).
- Cartter Building (NRHP).
- Chase County Courthouse (NRHP). It is the oldest courthouse in continual use in the state of Kansas and one of the oldest in continual use West of the Mississippi.
- Chase County National Bank (NRHP).
- Cottonwood River Bridge (NRHP).
- Samuel N Wood House (NRHP).
- Kansas Historical Marker - A Landmark Of Distinction, located in courthouse square.
- Chase Lake Falls
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 903 people, 342 households, and 205 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,530.5 inhabitants per square mile (590.9/km2). There were 414 housing units at an average density of 701.7 per square mile (270.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 3.4% African American, 0.2% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.0% of the population.
There were 342 households of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.92.
The median age in the city was 43.3 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 23.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 966 people, 375 households, and 227 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,674.9 people per square mile (643.1/km²). There were 427 housing units at an average density of 740.3 per square mile (284.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.93% White, 2.38% African American, 1.14% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.83% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.38% of the population.
There were 375 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $28,947, and the median income for a family was $37,986. Males had a median income of $27,639 versus $19,167 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,166. About 8.8% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
The Cottonwood Falls government consists of a mayor and five council members; the council meets the first and third Monday of each month at 7:00 p.m. City Council Members are elected in odd-numbered years and serve four-year terms.
- City Hall, 220 Broadway St.
- Chase County Courthouse, Broadway St.
- Chase County Sheriff Department, 201 Walnut St.
- Chase County Fire Department, 201 Walnut.
- U.S. Post Office, 206 Broadway St.
- U.S. Consolidated Farm Service Agency, 219 Broadway St.
- National Park Service (U.S. Dept of Interior), 226 Broadway St.
Primary and secondary education
The Chase County High School mascot is a Bulldog. All high school athletic and non-athletic competition is overseen by the Kansas State High School Activities Association. For 2010/2011 seasons, the football team competes as Class 2A.
- Burnley Memorial Library, 401 Oak St.
- Historic Images of Cottonwood Falls, Special Photo Collections at Wichita State University Library.
- John Campbell III, U.S. Representative from California, accountant, automobile dealer.
- Dudley Doolittle (1881-1957), U.S. Representative from Kansas, lawyer, banker.
- Harley Martin (1880-1951), Wisconsin state legislator and farmer
- William Morgan (1866-1932), newspaper publisher and editor, author, lieutenant governor of Kansas 1915-19
- Samuel Wood (December 30, 1825 – June 23, 1891), was an American attorney and Kansas politician.
- Strong City, Kansas, approximately 0.5 mile north of Cottonwood Falls
- Chase County Junior/Senior High School
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Chase County, Kansas
- Cottonwood River and Great Flood of 1951
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- The History of Marion County and Courthouse
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 459.
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Cottonwood Falls, Kansas
- Prairie Fire Festival - Kansas Travel
- National Register of Historic Places - Cartter Building
- National Register of Historic Places - Chase County Courthouse
- National Register of Historic Places - Chase County National Bank
- National Register of Historic Places - Cottonwood River Bridge
- Cottonwood Falls Dam & Bridge - Kansas Travel
- National Register of Historic Places - Samuel N Wood House
- Kansas Historical Marker - A Landmark Of Distinction
- Chase Lake Falls - Kansas Travel
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Cottonwood Falls - Directory of Public Officials
- Cottonwood Falls - Government
- USD 284
- Kansas School District Boundary Map
- KSHSAA Football Class Size Assignments
- Chase County Airport map
- Chase County Airport information
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1933,' Biographical Sketch of Harley A. Martin, pg. 253
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cottonwood Falls, Kansas.|
- City of Cottonwood Falls
- Cottonwood Falls - Directory of Public Officials
- Chase County Chamber of Commerce
- TWA Flight 599 Memorial, Knute Rockne crash site.
- Poster from Chase County Agricultural Fair from October 7-9, 1891
- Cottonwood Falls City Map, KDOT
- Topo Map of Cottonwood Falls / Bazaar area, USGS
- Chase County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT