Cottus (genus)

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Cottus
Cottus cognatus.jpg
Cottus cognatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Cottidae
Genus: Cottus
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Cottus gobio
Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms

Uranoscopus Gronow, 1763 (not available)
Pegedictis Rafinesque, 1820
Uranidea DeKay, 1842
Centridermichthys Richardson, 1845
Cottopsis Girard, 1850
Potamocottus Gill, 1861
Tauridea Jordan & Rice, 1878
Rheopresbe Jordan & Starks, 1904
Cephalocottus Gratzianov, 1907

Cottus is a genus of the sculpin family Cottidae. They are often referred to as the "freshwater sculpins", as they are the principal genus of sculpins to be found in fresh water. They are native to the Palearctic and Nearctic.

They are mostly small fish, rarely reaching more than 15 cm in length.

Species[edit]

There are currently 68 recognized species in this genus:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sideleva, V.G., Naseka, A.M. & Zhidkov, Z.V. (2015): A new species of Cottus from the Onega River drainage, White Sea basin (Actinopterygii: Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae). Zootaxa, 3949 (3): 419–430.
  2. ^ Kinziger, A.P. & Wood, R.M. (2010): Cottus immaculatus, a new species of sculpin (Cottidae) from the Ozark Highlands of Arkansas and Missouri, USA. Zootaxa, 2340: 50–64.
  3. ^ Sideleva, V.G. & Goto, A. (2012): A New Species of Sculpin Cottus kolymensis sp. nova (Scorpaeniformes, Cottidae) from Rivers of Kolyma. Journal of Ichthyology, 52 (5): 301-307.
  4. ^ Sideleva, V.G., Prirodina, V.P., Reshetnikov, Y.S. & Zhidkov, Z.V. (2015): Redescription of Cottus koshewnikowi (Cottidae) and its Morphological Variability in Tributaries of the Upper Volga. Journal of Ichthyology, 55 (1): 30-39.
  5. ^ Lemoine, M., Young, M.K., McKelvey, K.S., Eby, L., Pilgrim, K.L. & Schwartz, M.K. (2014): Cottus schitsuumsh, a new species of sculpin (Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae) in the Columbia River basin, Idaho-Montana, USA. Zootaxa, 3755 (3): 241–258.
  6. ^ Adams, G.L., Burr, B.M., Day, J.L. & Starkey, D.E. (2013): Cottus specus, a new troglomorphic species of sculpin (Cottidae) from southeastern Missouri. Zootaxa, 3609 (5): 484–494.