Coulterville, California

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Coulterville
Coulterville Main Street Historic District
Coulterville Main Street Historic District
Coulterville is located in California
Coulterville
Coulterville
Coulterville is located in the United States
Coulterville
Coulterville
Coordinates: 37°42′38″N 120°11′53″W / 37.71056°N 120.19806°W / 37.71056; -120.19806Coordinates: 37°42′38″N 120°11′53″W / 37.71056°N 120.19806°W / 37.71056; -120.19806
Country United States
State California
CountyMariposa County
Area
 • Total0.39 sq mi (1.01 km2)
 • Land0.39 sq mi (1.01 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.02%
Elevation1,699 ft (518 m)
Population
 • Total115
 • Density295.63/sq mi (114.15/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP Code
95311
Area code209
FIPS code06-16644
GNIS feature IDs266604
2582984
Reference no.332[4]

Coulterville (formerly Maxwell's Creek)[5] is a census-designated place[6] in Mariposa County, California, United States.[2] It is located on Maxwell Creek 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Mariposa,[5] at an elevation of 1,699 feet (518 m).[2] Coulterville had a population of 115 at the 2020 census,[3] down from 201 at the 2010 census, when the CDP covered a much greater area. It is a mining town located in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada. The ZIP Code is 95311. The community is inside area code 209.

History[edit]

The Hotel Jeffery, established 1851, is part of the historic district.

The place was settled in 1850 by George W. Coulter, for whom it is also named.[5] For a time Coulter lived in a tent flying the American flag, prompting local Mexicans to call the place Banderita (Spanish for "small flag").[4] The Maxwell's Creek post office opened in 1852 and changed its name to Coulterville in 1853.[4] The name "Maxwell" honors George Maxwell, with whom Coulter cast lots to determine the name of the town.[5]

Coulterville is registered as California Historical Landmark #332.[4] A large portion of the downtown was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Coulterville Main Street Historic District.

The 1867 Brevet General James F. Rusling inspection report notes that most of the Stockton to Coulterville area was "in almost continuous wheat-fields" May 24–26, 1866.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2),[1] down from 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) in 2010.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
2010201
2020115−42.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that Coultervillle had a population of 201. The population density was 47.7 inhabitants per square mile (18.4/km2). The racial makeup of Coultervillle was 181 (90.0%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 5 (2.5%) Native American, 1 (0.5%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 0 (0.0%) from other races, and 14 (7.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20 persons (10.0%).

The Census reported that 201 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 95 households, out of which 19 (20.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 34 (35.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 9 (9.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 11 (11.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 8 (8.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (1.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 32 households (33.7%) were made up of individuals, and 11 (11.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12. There were 54 families (56.8% of all households); the average family size was 2.61.

The population was spread out, with 30 people (14.9%) under the age of 18, 15 people (7.5%) aged 18 to 24, 35 people (17.4%) aged 25 to 44, 77 people (38.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 44 people (21.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52.9 years. For every 100 females there were 116.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.8 males.

There were 130 housing units at an average density of 30.8 per square mile (11.9/km2), of which 65 (68.4%) were owner-occupied, and 30 (31.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 11.4%. 134 people (66.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 67 people (33.3%) lived in rental housing units.

Government[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Coulterville is in the 8th Senate District, represented by Democrat Angelique Ashby, and in the 5th Assembly District, represented by Republican Joe Patterson.[10]

In the United States House of Representatives, Coulterville is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Thompson.[11]

Coulterville, along with its neighboring communities of Greeley Hill and Lake Don Pedro (Mariposa Cnty. portion) comprise County Supervisorial District 3 of the county of Mariposa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files: California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Coulterville, California
  3. ^ a b "P1. Race – Coulterville CDP, California: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d "Coulterville". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
  5. ^ a b c d Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 762. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Coulterville, California
  7. ^ Schofield, Sec of War, J.M. (30 June 1867). "Affairs in Utah and the Territories". Congressional Report. House of Rep 40th Congress 2nd Ses: Misc Doc 153.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Coulterville CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  10. ^ "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  11. ^ "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved October 2, 2014.

External links[edit]