Republic of Independent Guiana
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
La République de la Guyane Indépendante
First (1886-1887) and second (1887-1904) flag of the Republic of Counani
Republic of Independent Guiana shown in dark green
• Founding of Counani
|20 July 1886|
|350,000 km2 (140,000 sq mi)|
|Today part of|| Brazil|
The Republic of Independent Guiana (French: La République de la Guyane indépendante) commonly referred to by the name of the capital Counani (rendered "Cunani" in Portuguese by the Brazilians), was a short-lived independent state in South America.
Free State of Counani (1904–1912)
Some years after, in 1904 a Frenchman named Adolphe Brezet self-proclaimed himself "Président de l'État libre de Counani".
This "special" State had a constitution, a flag and issued some stamps. It was never recognized by Brazil or France, but the South African Boer Republics opened diplomatic relations with Brezet (who had fought for them previously) during the Boer wars.
Claimants of Head of State
All claimants of head of state of Counani were Frenchmen:
- Jules Gros (1809-1891) - a French journalist who laid claim as head of state from 1886 to 1891; head was Secretary of the Société de géographie in 1883
- Adolphe Brezet 1901-1904 
- "Medic@ - Résultats — BIU Santé, Paris". Biusante.parisdescartes.fr. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- "10 Private Adventurers And The Nations They Forged". Listverse.com. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- (in French) L'État libre de Counani ou l'expression d'une Guyane indépendante.
- (in French) An account of the two Republics of Counani and some of its postage stamps
- (in French) "Annales d'hygiène et de médecine coloniale, Tome quatrième" (1901), about the sanitary situation in Counani, pp. 121 to 128 : p. 121, p. 122, p. 123, p. 124, p. 125, p. 126, p. 127, p. 128.
- (in English) "Counani (Brazil)". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 1 May 2019.