Republic of Independent Guiana

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La République de la Guyane Indépendante
Flag of Republic of Counani
Flag of the Republic of Independent Guyana (1887-1904).svg
First (1886-1887) and second (1887-1904) flag of the Republic of Counani
Republic of Independent Guiana shown in dark green
Republic of Independent Guiana shown in dark green
Common languagesFrench
• Founding of Counani
20 July 1886
• Disestablished
350,000 km2 (140,000 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
French Third Republic
Empire of Brazil
First Brazilian Republic
French Guiana
Today part of Brazil
 French Guiana

The Republic of Independent Guiana (French: La République de la Guyane indépendante) commonly referred to by the name of the capital Counani (rendered "Cunani" in Portuguese by the Brazilians), was a short-lived independent state in South America.


Counani was created on 23 July 1886 in the area that was disputed by France (as part of French Guiana) and Brazil in the late nineteenth century.[1]

The state was founded by French settlers and existed from 1886 to 1891. The territory of the former state of Counani is now located in the Brazilian state of Amapá.

Free State of Counani (1904–1912)[edit]

Flag of the Free State of Counani (1904-1912)

Some years after, in 1904 a Frenchman named Adolphe Brezet self-proclaimed himself "Président de l'État libre de Counani".

This "special" State had a constitution, a flag and issued some stamps. It was never recognized by Brazil or France, but the South African Boer Republics opened diplomatic relations with Brezet (who had fought for them previously) during the Boer wars.

Claimants of Head of State[edit]

All claimants of head of state of Counani were Frenchmen:

  • Jules Gros (1809-1891) - a French journalist who laid claim as head of state from 1886 to 1891; head was Secretary of the Société de géographie in 1883[2]
  • Adolphe Brezet 1901-1904 [2]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "Medic@ - Résultats — BIU Santé, Paris". Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b "10 Private Adventurers And The Nations They Forged". 6 June 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2019.