Council of Agriculture

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Council of Agriculture
農業委員會
Nóngyè Wěiyuánhuì
ROC Council of Agriculture Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1912 (as Ministry of Basic Industries)
20 July 1984 (as COA)[1]
Preceding agencies
  • Agriculture Bureau
  • Council for Agricultural Planning and Development
Jurisdiction  Republic of China (Taiwan)
Headquarters Zhongzheng, Taipei
Minister responsible
Parent agency Executive Yuan
Website www.coa.gov.tw
Council of Agriculture

The Council of Agriculture (COA; Chinese: 農業委員會; pinyin: Nóngyè Wěiyuánhuì) is the official government body in the Republic of China (Taiwan) under the Executive Yuan in charged with overseeing affairs related to agriculture, forestry, fishery, animal husbandry and food affairs.[2]

History[edit]

In 1912, the Ministry of Basic Industries was created after the establishment of the Provisional Government of the ROC. The ministry was in charge for agriculture, forestry, industry and commerce in China. After the Beiyang Government was established in the same year, the ministry was divided into two office, one is to oversee the agriculture and forestry, and the other is to oversee the industry and commerce. In 1914, the two offices reemerged to become the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce. In 1925, the Ministry of Basic Industries was installed but renamed to Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery. In 1930, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery and Ministry of Industry and Commerce were combined to form the Ministry of Basic Industries. In 1938, the ministry was changed to Ministry of Economic Affairs with the Department of Agriculture and Forestry was placed under it. In 1940, the department was expanded to become Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. In 1941, the ministry was changed to Agriculture and Forestry Administration.

On the other hand, there was the Sino-American Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction (JCRR) established in Nanking in 1948. After the Kuomintang's defeat in the Chinese Civil War in 1949, which saw the government evacuated to Taiwan, the JCRR moved there. That same year, the Department of Agriculture was created under the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) in which it was later renamed to Department of Agriculture and Forestry. In November 1981, the Department of Agriculture and Forestry was upgraded to Agriculture Bureau of the MOEA.

In 1978, the JCRR was changed to the Council for Agricultural Planning and Development (CAPD) under the Executive Yuan. On 20 July 1984, both of the CAPD and the Agriculture Bureau were merged to become the Council of Agriculture.[1]

Organization structures[edit]

  • Department of Planning
  • Department of Animal Industry
  • Department of Farmers’ Services
  • Department of International Affairs
  • Department of Science and Technology
  • Department of Irrigation and Engineering
  • Secretariat
  • Personnel Office
  • Accounting Office
  • Civil Service Ethics Office
  • Legal Affairs Committee
  • Petitions and Appeals Committee
  • Information Management Center[2]

Agencies[edit]

Ministers[edit]

Lin Tsung-hsien, the incumbent Minister of Council of Agriculture.

Political Party:   Kuomintang   Democratic Progressive Party   Non-partisan/ unknown

Name Term of Office Days Party Premier
Minister of the Sino-American Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction
1 Jiang Menglin (蔣夢麟) October 1948 August 1964 Kuomintang Weng Wenhao
Sun Fo
He Yingqin
Yan Xishan
Chen Cheng I
Yu Hung-Chun
Chen Cheng II
Yen Chia-kan
2 Shen Tsung-han (zh) (沈宗瀚) August 1964 May 1973 Yen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
3 Robert C. T. Lee (李崇道) May 1973 March 1979 Chiang Ching-kuo
Sun Yun-suan
Minister of Council for Agricultural Planning and Development (since 16 March 1979)
1 Robert C. T. Lee (李崇道) March 1979 August 1981 Sun Yun-suan
2 Chang Hsien-chiu (張憲秋) August 1981 June 1984 Sun Yun-suan
Yu Kuo-hua
3 Wang You-tsao (王友釗) June 1984 September 1984 Yu Kuo-hua
Minister of Council of Agriculture (since July 1984)
1 Wang You-tsao (王友釗) September 1984 July 1988 Yu Kuo-hua
2 Yu Yu-hsien (zh) (余玉賢) July 1988 November 1992 Yu Kuo-hua
Lee Huan
Hau Pei-tsun
3 Paul Sun (孫明賢) November 1992 June 1996 Hau Pei-tsun
Lien Chan
4 Tjiu Mau-ying (邱茂英) 10 June 1996 14 May 1997 338 Lien Chan
5 Peng Tso-kwei (彭作奎) 15 May 1997 6 December 1999 935 Lien Chan
Vincent Siew
Lin Hsiang-nung (林享能) 6 December 1999 19 May 2000 164 Vincent Siew
6 Chen Hsi-huang (陳希煌) 20 May 2000 31 January 2002 621 Tang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung I
7 Fan Chen-tsung (范振宗) 1 February 2002 2 December 2002 304 Democratic Progressive Party Yu Shyi-kun
8 Lee Chin-lung (李金龍) 3 December 2002 24 January 2006 1451 Yu Shyi-kun
Frank Hsieh
9 Su Chia-chyuan (蘇嘉全) 25 January 2006 19 May 2008 845 Democratic Progressive Party Su Tseng-chang
Chang Chun-hsiung II
10 Chen Wu-hsiung (陳武雄) 20 May 2008 5 February 2012 1356 Kuomintang Liu Chao-shiuan
Wu Den-yih
11 Chen Bao-ji (陳保基) 6 February 2012 31 January 2016 1455 Kuomintang Sean Chen
Jiang Yi-huah
Mao Chi-kuo
12 Chen Chih-ching (陳志清) 1 February 2016 19 May 2016 108 Kuomintang Chang San-cheng
13 Tsao Chi-hung (曹啟鴻) 20 May 2016 7 February 2017 263 Democratic Progressive Party Lin Chuan
14 Lin Tsung-hsien (林聰賢) 8 February 2017 Incumbent 229 Democratic Progressive Party Lin Chuan
William Lai

Access[edit]

The council is accessible within walking distance West from Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall Station of the Taipei Metro.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "About COA". Council of Agriculture. 
  2. ^ a b "About COA - Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.(Taiwan)". Eng.coa.gov.tw. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  3. ^ "About COA - Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.(Taiwan)". Eng.coa.gov.tw. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2014-05-07.