By the year 1559, Spain had complete dominance over all Italian states with the exception of the Venetian Republic. All other Italian states were either ruled directly by Spain or were Spanish dependents. Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia (which had been Aragonese), as well as Milan were those lands which came under direct Spanish rule. Local councils and viceroys (in Naples, Palermo, and Cagliari) or governors (in Milan) controlled the internal affairs of these lands. In an effort to better coordinate Spanish rule in Italy, Philip II created the Council of Italy in Madrid in 1558. Naples, Sicily, and Milan were represented at the Council by two regents each (one Castilian, one native-born). Sardinia remained under the jurisdiction of Council of Aragon. Most of the Spanish viceroys and governors in Italy were Castilian rather than Italian, reflecting the Crown's desire to transform the Empire into a predominately Castilian one.