Cabinet of Albania
|Cabinet of Albania|
|Këshilli i Ministrave|
|Established||4 December 1912|
|Appointed by||President of the Republic|
|Main organ||Council of Ministers|
|Responsible to||National Parliament|
|Headquarters||Dëshmorët e Kombit Boulevard
The Cabinet of Albania (Albanian: Kabineti i Shqipërisë) or Council of Ministers (Albanian: Këshilli i Ministrave) is the executive branch of Albania. It exercises executive power and constitutes the Government of Albania. It consists of the Prime Minister (Kryeministri), also known as the Chairman of the Council, the Deputy Prime Minister (Zëvendëskryeministri) and other ministers.
As of April 2017, after a reshuffle, 50% of the cabinet ministers are females.
The Parliament of Albania (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) must give final approval of the composition of the Council. The Council is responsible for carrying out both foreign and domestic policies. It directs and controls the activities of the ministries and other state bodies.
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Council members are subdivided into three substantial ranks, along with one honorary rank:
- Prime Minister,
- Deputy Prime Minister,
- Ministers, which are the highest-ranking members of the Government
- Deputy Ministers, that assist ministers in specialized areas of their portfolio and
- General Secretaries (Sekretari i Përgjithshëm) that assist ministers in less important areas and occasionally attend sessions of the Council of Ministers.
The Council is responsible to the Parliament of Albania. The Parliament may choose to pass a motion of censure forcing the Council of Ministers to resign. This has the effect of forcing the Government to be composed of members from the majority political party in the Assembly or to be allied to the majority in a coalition. Ministers are required to answer written or oral questions put to them by members of Parliament, known as Government questions. In addition, ministers attend sessions of the Parliament when laws concerning their assigned sectors and departmental portfolios are under consideration.
Cabinet ministers cannot propose legislation without parliamentary approval. Ministers can however propose bills to Parliament and any such legislation is generally very likely to pass. On occasion, the majority opinion in Parliament may differ significantly from those of the executive, resulting in a large number of riders.
The Cabinet plays a major role in determining the agenda of the Parliament. It can propose laws and amendments during parliamentary sessions. It also has a number of procedures at its disposal to expedite parliamentary deliberations.
During the mandate many minister were changed. Following a 2017 Albanian opposition protest which lasted three months, from February to May 2017, an agreement was reached with the opposition to create a caretaker government with technocrats. On May 22, the majority in the Parliament voted the new caretaker government, which consisted of 6 technocrat ministers and a vice-prime minister, proposed by the opposition.
- "Albania (03/99)". US Department of State. Retrieved 29 March 2015. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.